Transcript of Joseph McCarthy and the Red Scare
What you need to know before reading "The Crucible" Joseph McCarthy and the Red Scare photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli We have already learned that the 1950s were a time of great change. People wanted stability, but the threat of the USSR and Communism scared people in the United States. The 1950s What began as a fear soon turned into full-fledged paranoia. The 1950s Continued After several wars and other conflicts, such as World War II and the Korean War, people thought that they would finally be able to enjoy themselves again. the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, especially of pro-Communist activity, in many instances unsupported by proof or based on slight, doubtful, or irrelevant evidence. McCarthyism "mccarthyism." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 06 Nov. 2012. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/mccarthyism>. Joseph McCarthy was a Senator from Wisconsin from 1946-1957 (his death). In 1950, McCarthy became suspicious that Communists had infiltrated the Department of State and that Communists were everywhere in order to undermine the United States. Joseph McCarthy McCarthy accused many people of being Communists even though he did not have any proof. As the Cold War with the USSR began to escalate, Americans became increasingly suspicious of Communist influences. Due to this, a special committee in the House or Representatives began to investigate Communists in America. This committee was called... However, paranoia began gripping the nation.... HUAC The House Committee on Un-American Activities In 1947, HUAC accused ten people in Hollywood of supporting Communist propaganda. These people were... BLACKLISTED a list of persons under suspicion, disfavor, censure, etc. Once blacklisted as a Communist, it became very hard to live your daily life or to work. Arthur Miller, the author of "The Crucible," was among those blacklisted during this time. Over time, HUAC blacklisted even more individuals that it suspected of being Communists. Things got worse and worse and eventually led to the rise of... McCarthy led many hearings, accusing people in the government and the entertainment industry of being Communists. This led to many people being blacklisted in what was described as a... WITCH HUNT an intensive effort to discover and expose disloyalty, subversion, dishonesty, or the like, usually based on slight, doubtful, or irrelevant evidence. The United States began to fear that they were falling behind the advances of the Communist countries, especially the Soviet Union. This began the Red Scare. McCarthy's accusations fed into the general public's sense of paranoia during the Red Scare, leading people to believe that anyone among them could be a Communist in disguise. During this time, people were scared. Propaganda videos and other information made many people believed that even their next door neighbor could be a Communist! The Cold War "heats" up The threat of Communism, and the fear of a nuclear holocaust, weighed heavily over the nation. People build bomb shelters to protect against Armageddon, and schools had bomb drills. QUICK!! DUCK AND COVER!Full transcript
Just like we learned in the video! OH NO! It is hard to feel safe when you are always preparing for the worst! How does that make you feel? Imagine living through a time when people were so paranoid that they couldn't trust the people around them. Do we still live in a time like that?
What are some modern-day parallels?