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Marie Curie

The most famous female scientist of all time.

Charlotte Dear

on 13 March 2015

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Transcript of Marie Curie

Marie Curie
The United States
of America
Washington DC
The most famous female scientist
of all time.

Marie Curie
Maiden name: Maria Salomea Sklodowska.
Was born on 7th November 1867 in Warsaw, Poland.
The fifth and youngest child in the family.
Maria's father, Wladyslaw, was a teacher of Mathematics and Physics.
Early years
Maria's mother, Bronislawa, died from tuberculosis when Maria was 12.
Two years before the death of her mother, Maria's oldest sibling, Zofia, had died of typhus.
On 12th June 1883, Maria won a gold medal on completion of her secondary education.
Fret Street in Warsaw. Maria's parents
New life in Paris
In late 1891 she left Poland for France. She changed her name to Marie.
Marie studied physics, chemistry and mathematics at the University of Paris, where she enrolled in late 1891.
Educational achievements
In 1893 Marie was awarded a master's degree in Physics.
With the aid of a fellowship, Marie was able to earn another degree in Mathematics in 1894.
In Paris, Marie met Pierre who was an instructor at the School of Physics and Chemistry.
On 26th July 1895, Marie and Pierre got married.
First child
In 1897, her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie was born.
Maria and her siblings
Nobel Prize in Physics
In December 1903, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded Pierre Curie, Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel the Nobel Prize in Physics, "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel."
Marie was the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize.
In December 1904, Marie gave birth to her second daughter, Ève Curie.
Pierre died
On 19th April 1906 Pierre was killed in a road accident. He was struck by a horse-drawn vehicle.
On 13th May 1906 the physics department of the University of Paris decided to retain the chair that had been created for Pierre and to offer it to Marie.
She was the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences honoured her a second time, with the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. This award was "in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements Radium and Polonium, by the isolation of Radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element."
Marie is the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences.
World War I
A month after accepting her 1911 Nobel Prize, she was hospitalised with depression and a kidney ailment. For most of the year 1912, she avoided public life, and spent some time in England with her friends.

In the first year of World War I (1914), assisted by her 17 year old daughter Irène, Marie directed the installation of 20 mobile radiological vehicles and another 200 radiological units at field hospitals in France.
Marie visited Poland for the last time in early 1934. A few months later, on 4th July 1934 (at the age of 66), she died at the Sancellemoz Sanatorium in Passy, Haute-Savoie, France, from aplastic anemia believed to have been contracted from her long-term exposure to radiation.

She was interred at the cemetery in Sceaux, alongside her husband Pierre.
Sixty years later, in 1995, in honour of their achievements, the remains of both Marie & Pierre were transferred to the Panthéon, Paris - The final resting place of many France's greatest minds.

Marie became the first and so far the only woman to be honoured with interment in the Panthéon on her own merits.
The Panthéon
Irène Joliot-Curie
Marie also passed down her love of science to the next generation. Her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie followed in her mother's footsteps, winning the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935.

American tour
In 1921, US President Warren Harding received her at the White House to present her with the 1 gram of Radium collected in the United States.
In July 1898, Marie and her husband published a paper together, announcing the existence of an element which they named "
onium", in honour of her native
On 26th December 1898, the Curies announced the existence of a second element, which they named "
dium", from the Latin word for "
New elements
Marie Curie

“We must not forget that when Radium was discovered no one knew that it would prove
useful in hospitals. The work was one of pure science. And this is a proof that scientific
work must not be considered from the point of view of the direct usefulness of it. It must be done for itself, for the beauty of science, and then there is always the chance that a scientific discovery may become like the Radium a benefit for humanity.”

Created on Prezi by Truong Dinh
Info extracted from Wikipedia
Thank you for watching.
1867 - 1934
“Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood.
Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less.”
― Marie Curie

Educational achievements
In 1893 Marie was awarded a master's degree in Physics.
With the aid of a fellowship, Marie was able to earn another degree in Mathematics in 1894.
In June 1903, Marie was awarded her doctorate from the University of Paris.
Madame Curie
Metro Goldwyn Mayer presents

Based on the book
of her second daughter Ève Curie

BBC Documentary
The Genius of Marie Curie



Created on Prezi by Truong Dinh
Nov 2013
A symbolic tribute to Dr. Marie Curie and her scientific feats.
by Taylor Lallas
Dr. Marie Curie - A Flourished Flower
The Curies went on a honeymoon
on the bicycle trip.
Full transcript