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Transcript of Bystander Intervention
Period 4 Latane and Darley's Bystander Intervention
Experiment The Experimenters The Experimenters
Bibb Latane The Latane and Darley's smoke "bystander" experiment consisted of 3 different conditions that all took place where people were sitting in a room filling out a questionaire. The Impact of the Experiment on Psychology The impact of this experiment has shown people that they watch others' behaviors around them to determine if they are really in a life or death situation.
A person, seeing the inaction of others in a situation are less likely to judge it to be serious.
Males are expected to be calm in stressful situations. If they act calm, it may make others feel that it is not an emergency.
In a group situation, the individual responsibility is lessened. They may assume that others have responded, in which case no one takes the initiative to respond. "Bibb Latane." Bibb Lantane. 02 Jan. 2013 <http://www.humanscience.org/infoLatane.cfm>. Bibb Latané earned his BA in Culture and Behavior at Yale College and his PhD at the University of Minnesota. Latané has twice won the Behavioral Science Award for work on bystander intervention in emergencies and on social loafing. Latane has written more than 140 books about bystander intervention and social attraction in animals. John Darley received his Ph.D. in Social Psychology from Harvard University in 1965. He is Warren Professor of Psychology at Princeton University, where he joined the faculty in 1968. Darley also has numerous awards for his works in Psychology. The Reason for this Experiment "Psychology Headlines." John Darley. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013 <http://darley.socialpsychology.org/>. The reason for Latane and Darley's experiment was the fact that a girl named Kitty Genovese was murdered in 1964 in New York City. Her killer was scared off twice by neighbors turning on lights but no one came to her rescue. The third time he came back, he killed her. It was estimated that 38 of her neighbors had seen part or all of the attacks but only one man called the police and she was already dead. "Latane and Darley: Bystander Apathy." Latane and Darley: Bystander Apathy. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Jan. 2013. <http://faculty.babson.edu/krollag/org_site/soc_psych/latane_bystand.html>.
•The first condition of the experiment was where there was only one person in the room.
•The second condition had three people who didn’t know each other in the room.
•The third condition had three people, two of whom knew each other. The Smoke "Bystander" Experiment The Results of the Experiment • In all the trials where there was only one person in the room as it filled with smoke, 75% calmly left the room to report it.
•In the trials that had three people who didn’t know each other in the room, only 38% reported the smoke.
•In the trials that had three people, two of whom knew each other, only 10% of these groups reported smoke in the room. In each experiment, smoke was sent into the room through the air vents.
The reaction of the people to the smoke was recorded. The Experiment Application to
Modern Life McMahon, Judith W., and Tony Romano. Psychology and You. Lincolnwood, IL: National Textbook, 2000. 582-86. Print. http://darley.socialpsychology.org/ http://latane.socialpsychology.org/ "Psychology Headlines." Bibb Latane. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013 <http://latane.socialpsychology.org/>. Works Cited The experiment can be applied to education through Bullying Awareness classes. In these classes, you learn how to deal with bullies and how to be an advocate for the victim. This education should effect crime rates as well because more people will be willing to get involved and be the "Good Samaritan". http://us.cdn1.123rf.com/168nwm/kaarsten/kaarsten1002/kaarsten100200268/6422427-a-stylized-person-sitting-at-a-table-pondering-about-something-all-isolated-on-white-background.jpg http://www.google.com/imgres?q=kitty+genovese&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1920&bih=879&tbm=isch&tbnid=TAAlF2o6bJBuvM:&imgrefurl=http