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Gisella Guglielminotti

on 1 October 2014

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Transcript of Macbeth


The major themes in Macbeth
The play deals with questions concerning


:In the tragedy ambition is presented as a dangerous quality because causes the downfall of both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.

:Many characters utilise violence and they are shown tobe violent to fulfil their goals
The play opens with a war and Macbeth presents himself as a loyal warrior and he fights against the rebel forces
Afterawards Macbeth murders Duncan and his soldier during the night(theme :ambition). Lady Maacbeth,wich wants her qualities gone gets filled with CRUELTY like Macbeth. Violence is used to prove the power of the characters and sometimes to prove the masculinity and strenght.
The play begins with the three withces because witchcraft is a prominent idea in Macbeth
The witches wit their prophecy caused Macbeth to get OVER-AMBITIOUS to become King
:guilt is a key theme in Macbeth and is crucial to empathise and identify with the play's protagonist
This theme softens Macbeth's ambition and balances his BRUTALITY
this quality is present in his darkest moment.
Before he kills Duncan he is stopped by his guilt,represented with the floating dagger
(another elements :Banquo's ghost )
Guilt is felt by a few of the characters in the play
Good vs evil
:From the beginning the idea of GOOd vs EVIL is shown
Every single person has good and devil inside and during the play this two different aspects are always shown fighting together.
is a huge part of Macbeth
In the opening of the play snd during the rest part of the play ,betrayal is motiveted to a desire of POWER
Betrayal is shown when the major character goes over-ambition and murders his king.
Upon returning fom a battle Macbeth and Banquo meet three witches(wich plan their meeting with Macbeth)
The prophecy says that Macbeth will be thane of Cawdor and that Banquo will start a new line of kings.Ross and Angus tell Macbeth he has been given the title of Thane of Cawdor
macbeth writes to Lady Macbeth about the meeting and the prophecy ,so she pushes him to plan the murder of the king
Macbeth ambition is showed(he is obsessed with the idea of becoming King ) and Lady Macbeth tells him to follow her plans and to look innocent.
King Duncan arrives at Macbeth's castle.
Macbeth is pressed by his wife to plot Duncan's death(At first he talks himself out of killing but Lady Macbeth calls him a coward and he agrees with the murder)
She mentions the details of the plane :first to kill Duncan and later place the blame on the drunken servants

During the night they get the guards drunk and afterawards they murder the King with daggers and before his action he sees " a dagger of the mind"
Lady Macbeth waits him and she hopes to hear the news that he has killed the King
Macbeth is shaken by his action and he brings the daggers with him ,then they wash the blood from their hands(he believes that the blood will never wash from his hand -GUILT .
Outside the gates a drunken porter says that liars are not able to equivocate to heaven and Macduff and Lennox enter the gate ,the last one discovers the body
Malcolm and Donalbain fee fearing that they will be the next one(they escape for safety because they become suspects )
Finally Macbeth receives the title of the prophecy and he is crowned as the king of Scotland

Macbeth is afraid that Banquo's son will take the throne.He decides to hire two murderer to kill Banquo and his son .The first one is murdered but the son Fleance escapes (Macbeth feels guilty to kill Banquo,and then he will see his ghost.)
Lady Macbeth and his husband live in FEAR of losing everything and both envy dead,and the new queen begins to wonder that Macbeth isn't including her in his plans and she feels amazed that he has become an evil
Macduff,wich suspects Macbeth arrives in England
The new king and queen attend to the guests
SUPERNATURAL.-The fist murderer arrives with blood on the face and he tells Macbeth that Banquo is dead
-Later Banquo appears as a ghost that only Macbeth sees and the last one stars to act like a mad person from fear
The ghost disappears and then returns ,so Lady Macbeth asks the guests to leave

Macbeth learns that Malcom is attempting to kill him. Macbeth decides to visit the three witches again wich have planned what they will tell Macbeth in order to destroy him.
Macduff suspect Macbeth and has fled to England. Then Macbeth butchers Macduff's wife and children.
Lady Macbeth has begun sleepwalking because her conscience weights on herself. Unaware that someone is watching her, she admits her crimes. Than she kills herself.
Later the witches prophecy of the feat starts to become true because Birnam forest comes to Dunsinane.
The invaders arrives from England and in order to comouflage themselves soldiers utilise boughs from Birnam wood.
When Macbeth faces Macduff is not scared because the second prophecy. When Macbeth's enemy tells him theat he was "from his mother's womb intimetly ripp'd" he realizes thea he has been tricked. Macduff kills him.
King Duncan's son receives the new title of king of Scotland.
Full title:
"Tragedy of Macbeth".
Written by
William Shakespeare.
It is believed to have been writte between 1599 and 1606.
First performance
=during the summer of 1606.
First published
in the Folio of 1623.
Shakespeare's shortest tragedy based on
Holinshed Chronicles
of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Opens in
Analize the corrosive
psychological and political effects
when evil is chosen as a way to obtain power.
ambition (corrupting power)
good vs. evil
relationship between cruelty and masculinity
He works with limited theatrical material.
The performances take place during the day
As much of the action takes place at night in semi-darkness
He used stage tricks to create the perfect atmosphere, like
Written in
black verse
jambic pentameter
line of five strong beats with ten syllabes
metaphors and similes

"Dark night strangless the travelling lamp"
figurative languages
that contributes to the rhytm
"Fair is foul and foul is fair"
imagery (refers to the visual nature of language)
He uses language to paint mental pictures like
The character develops as the play progresses
In the beginning he is a valiant man, a successful general, a devot husband and a loyal subject of the king
Lady Macbeth is his evil inspiration ( he commits crimes)
By the end, Macbeth has degenerated into evil personified, totally inhumane in his actions
After his crimes, he starts to suffer from fear and guilt, he becomes paronoide suffering from hallucinations
Macbeth's degeneration is seen as the degeneration of his marital relationship
Lady Macbeth
She is ambitious, independent, single minded.
In the beginning she looks like unscrupulouse, but by the end we can see her damning failings.
She tries to deny and make pure her conscience
Her feelings and fear overhelm her.
By the end, she is punished with madness.
She is Macbeth's evil inspiration.
They both have high ambitions for royality and greatness.
During the play, they both portrayed as evil characters, but the driving forces of their behavior are different.
Lady Macbeth
big greed
The three witches
Lady Macbeth

Personally I found this short video very meaningful,clear and essential.
During the video we can see Michael Attenborough,an English theatre director that speaks about psychological effects of murder.

"Murder someone is disgusting and offensive"
"To murder someone that you know and that trusts you is an impossible thing to live with"
Full transcript