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The gods and goddesses of India, an introduction

Lecture for HUM 2410H
by

Ed Frame

on 8 February 2016

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Transcript of The gods and goddesses of India, an introduction

The Mythology of India
Lecture by Professor Frame
Brahma
Vishnu
Shiva
The Three Main Dieties
The Hindu Cycle
Preservation
Destruction
Creation
Brahma creates the world and continues the act of creation.
The creation evolved over a long period of time called a Kalpa.
One Kalpa is 4,320,200,000 years and is called "the day of Brahma".
One of the most important and popular of all the gods.
He often appears in human form and is very compassionate and approachable.
Vishnu is the preserver.
Shiva is the dissolver, for all things built up must eventually be dismantled.
Life is like a dance for we have the cycle of life.
Shiva allows the cycle to begin over and is sometimes called the destroyer.
FUNDAMENTAL
DIFFERENCES IN
THINKING BETWEEN
HINDUISM AND
WESTERN
PHILOSOPHY
Religion and
philosophy are
combined in Hindu thinking
Western thinking is
linear while Hidnu
thinking is
cyclical.
Truth comes from
God given insights.

Truth is not limited
to a certain time
period
God is not
separated from the world but a part of it.

In mankind the God that is part of everyone is called the Atman
Wisdom is not restricted
intellectual knowledge.

By using various forms
of yoga one can achieve god given knowlege
(called darsanas)
The ability to gain
metaphysical insight is a universal human
characteristic.
KEY TERMINOLOGY
1) Karma: The operation of an action- has-consequence mechanics.
2) Rebirth: Called reincarnation, is influenced by karma.
KEY TERMINOLOGY
3) Spiritual Evolution: The individual and the human race progresses spiritually.

4) Dharma: Doing ones duty in life.
OTHER GODS
AND GODDESSES
OF INDIA
GANESH
AGNI
Saraswati
Laxmi (Lakshmi)
Vishnu's wife
and provider
The deity of knowledge and learning
Son of Shiva and Parvati
He is the god of fire and one of the most important dieties.
THE AVATARS
OF
LORD VISHNU


Vamanavatara (the dwarf)
Parasuama (Rama with an axe)
Rama (The prince of Ayodhya)
Krishna (black tribal)
Buddha (the completely enlighted one)
Kalki (the incarnation to come.
Avatars of Vishnu
Matsyavatara (Vishnu as a fish)
Kurmavatara (Vishnu as a tortoise)
Varahavatar (Vishnu as a boar)
Naraqsimhavatara (the lion-man)
THE ATMAN
"You were never born and you can never die"

The body may die but the self (atman) goes on forever.
The term reincarnation comes from the idea that we are born over and over again.
At the human level the state of one's karma at death is carried over into the next life.
Because of the ego and self-choice, humans may create negative or positive karma.
THESIS
RESTRICTINS
The Mythology of India reflects a deep respect for all aspects of life. This is seen in the many manifestations of the one true universal force (Brahman) into a concept of multiple gods and goddesses representing various aspects of the one universal being.
1) Philosophical differences
between the West
and East Asia
2) The gods and goddesses
of India.
3) Key terminology
4) Other important deities.
The End
Thesis and Restrictions
Full transcript