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The Colonies Unite & Break Free

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by

Gene Monahan

on 21 November 2014

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Transcript of The Colonies Unite & Break Free

The French & Indian War Begins
The French & Indian war started in North America in 1754 & later on spread through Europe. Native Americans fought for both sides, but mostly fought for the French. By the middle of the 1700s, both France & Britain started an
alliances
with many of the Native American tribes.
The War Expands
More troubles
Just because the French and Indian war ended, it did not end Britain's troubles. The land that Britain won was many Native American's homes already. The indians started attacking and captured some of the British forts. Britain's King tried to end the fighting. In 1763 the King made a
proclamation
. It said all the land west of the Appalachian mountains belonged to the native Americans, white settlers were told to leave. As a result the white settlers ignored the King, and fighting between the Natives Americans and settlers continued.
Colonists Speak Out
In 1765, Parliament approved a tax law. The Stamp Act put tax money on paper items in the colonies. British leaders thought the tax was fair. Many colonists however were very angry, they said Britain couldn't tax them because they had no representation. Then colonists met in NYC, and talked about what then became know as The Stamp Act. The Stamp Act is all the taxes on things that the colonists felt were unfair.
Dictionary
Alliance
; a formal agreement among groups or individual
Parliament
; the law making branch of a British government
Proclamation
; a public annoucement
Monopoly
; the complete control oof a product or good by one person or group



Fighting for Control
The French owned most of North America, & a lot of other land. The British owned the east coast, & land by the Hudson Bay. The Spanish owned all of Mexico & parts of Texas & all of Florida. They were fighting for more land & control. After all of the greediness of each colonies, the French & Indian War started.
The Colonies Unite & Break Free
The colonists needed help fast if they were going to win the war.
Parliament
sent an army to help fight the french and the Native American allies. in April 1755, 1,800 troops attacked the French fort. The British solders are trained to fight in open fields. They were surprised to find that the fought like there Native American allies from behind trees and large rocks. Britain sent more troops and supplies to the colonies, and the war slowly turned in its favor.
The Townshend Acts
In 1767, parliament passed a lot of new tax laws called the Townshend Acts. The Townshend Acts taxed imports like glass, tea, paint, and paper that were brought to the colonies. Colonists joined together in boycotting British goods. People stopped drinking tea and merchants in Boston. would not import taxed goods. Like The Stamp Act The Townshend Acts did not last for very long.
The Boston Tea Party
In 1773, parliament passed the tea act. A legal
monopoly
gives complete control of a good or service. On the night of December 16, 1773 about 150 colonists dressed as members of the Mohawk Tribe and marched down to the Boston harbor. They broke open more than 300 chests of tea and through it all overboard. This protest became know as the Boston Tea Party.
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