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GDE806 Aboriginal Education: Reconsiliation & Naidoc

Elizabeth Rendell

on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of http://www.uow.edu.au/about/reconciliation/index.html


Valuable for Australian society
6-13 July
A country that has a history and stories far beyond 244 years
Disregarded by colonised Australians
Ancient culture with its people have suffered and are still suffering
We are truly sorry
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people unique culture deep relationship to Country
Pay respect to the Dharawal people who are the traditional custodians of this land
Resilient race
Valuable Australians
Working together
Acknowledgment of country
Special platoon of Aboriginal soldiers, all volunteers, at Number 9 camp Wangaratta, Vic. 1940-2
Australian War Memorial: P02140.002
The Australian Aboriginal League float in the 1947 May Day procession protested the conditions in which Aboriginal people found themselves on return from the Second World War.
Australian War Memorial: P01248.001
United in War, Divided in Peace

“… simply saying that you’re sorry is such a powerful symbol. Powerful not because it represents some expiation of guilt. Powerful not because it represents any form of legal requirement. But powerful simply because it restores respect.”

Kevin Rudd 2008 'The Apology'

"...Australians of today are not directly responsible for what happened in the past. But it is part of our shared history as Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians and, together, we are responsible for what happens in the future."

Recommendation 290, National report overview and recommendations of the Royal Commission Indigenous Deaths in Custody 1989 to 1996 AGPS, 1991

"Sharing our history means honouring Australians who have stood up for Aboriginal rights over the years. Recognising how many other Australians have always wanted to belong to this land, for example, most White Australian art has always been basically about land … Sharing our heritage means recognising what Aboriginal Australia has contributed to Australia: war service, the outback cattle industry, sports stars, and more recently art. Also a sense of the power of the Dreaming in Australian arts, a vividness in Australian language largely based on image and metaphor, eg. flash talk, big smoke, sit down money; elements of the Aussie sense of humour."

Linda Burney New South Wales Labor Member for Canterbury, Deputy Opposition Leader, Shadow Minister for Aboriginal Affairs

"The lives of Indigenous Australians today are affected by what has happened to us & our ancestors over the past 230 years since Europeans arrived. This can be hard for non-Indigenous people to understand... When people have some knowledge of Indigenous Australian culture & the history of our contact with non-Indigenous Australians since 1788, they have a much better feel for our achievements & our persistent problems.

They are more likely to share our pride and to want to improve relationships between us as fellow Australians."

Professor Mick Dodson AM, Australian of the Year 2009
By Elizabeth Rendell, Karina Fleming, Dave Zeko
Act of Recognition Bill
Wed 13 Feb 2013 the Act of Recognition Bill was passed through the House of Representatives

It marks a significant step towards a referendum to recognise Indigenous Australians in our country's constitution.

NAIDOC stands for the Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee

the roots of NAIDOC begun in 1920 with the boycotting of Australia day in protest of the Status and treatment of Indigenous Australians.

Do you think the Australian community was aware of these protests?
Today Australia prides itself on being a place of fairness. But our Constitution still does not recognise the first Australians.

The last couple of years we’ve been talking about options for updating our nation’s founding document.

Now we’re asking all Australians to put those words into action.

Successful constitutional change will not occur without the support of the majority of Australians. More time is needed to build the necessary support for a successful referendum.

The 1967 referendum saw over 90 per cent of Australians vote to give the Commonwealth the power to make laws for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and recognise them in the national census.

Reconciliation is said to have started
from the 1967 Referendum

It was not about equal rights for Aboriginal people. The Constitutional change would not impact at all on laws governing Aboriginal people.

Campaigners hoped that a ‘yes’ vote would require the Commonwealth government to enact reforms which would eventually achieve better rights for Aboriginal people.

The High Court of Australia delivered its landmark Mabo decision which legally recognised that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have a special relationship to the land that existed prior to colonisation and still exists today.

3 June, 1992

National Reconciliation Week (NRW) is celebrated across Australia each year between 27 May and 3 June.  

The dates commemorate two significant milestones in the reconciliation journey—the anniversaries of the successful 1967 referendum and the High Court Mabo decision.

The 1992 Mabo case paved the way to Native Title Act in 1993

Native title is a property right which reflects a relationship to land which is the very foundation of Indigenous religion, culture and well-being.

The non-discriminatory protection of native title is a recognised human right.
Native Title
Australia Day 1938

Protestors marched through the streets of Sydney followed by a group of 1000 people

It became known as the Day of Mourning and was one of the first major civil rights protests in the world

From 1940 to 1955
the Day of Mourning was held annually on the Sunday before Australia day and was known as Aborigines day

In 1956, a shifted to the first Sunday in July on the decision that 'Aborigines day' should also be a celebration of Aboriginal culture.

1975 lets celebrate for a week

1991 included the Torres Strait slander people.

The annual NAIDOC Awards recognise
the outstanding contributions that Indigenous Australians make to improve the lives of Indigenous people in their communities and beyond, or to promote Indigenous issues in the wider community, or the excellence they’ve shown in their chosen field.

Lifetime Achievement Award
Person of the Year
Female Elder of the Year
Male Elder of the Year
Caring for Country Award
Youth of the Year
Artist of the Year
Scholar of the Year
Apprentice of the Year
Sportsperson of the Year
NAIDOC Award Categories
As Educators,
What Can We Do?
How is this relevant to us as pre-service teachers? What can we learn from this clip?
ways that educators can continually foster reconciliation within the classroom
right to learn the true history of this country
positive shared history between both Aboriginal
and non-Aboriginal communities
create and develop respectful relationships with local Aboriginal community
Enhance the educational participation, education outcomes, and identity and academic self-concepts of Indigenous students
Stop the cycle of misinformation about Indigenous Australia
Proactively tackle critical social justice issues of our time

Include culturally appropriate teaching methods within the classroom

Access quality resources

Teachers need persistence, patience, personability
(Armstrong, 2011)
The Schools Reconciliation Challenge is an annual art competition for young people. It is designed to engage students in Reconciliation and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander issues through art.

Why use art to explore reconciliation?

Art is a great medium through which to explore Reconciliation.

It has long been used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to explore and express ideas, tell stories, and pass information. Using art as a vehicle for learning assists students to investigate social realities, explore complex themes and issues, express their ideas creatively, and develop positive attitudes.
Theme for 2014 challenge “Our Journey”
Conrad Ratara:
"It's a long road we have come and it's a long road we can go. We have to walk together and talk together. If you never listen to me, I will never listen to you. I will not follow you. Walk side by side and let's get there."

Aboriginal, Arrente leader, Hermannsburg elder, at a handing back ancestral lands to Aboriginal people ceremony

rights journeys.
There are many different types of journeys:
All of these are central to the struggle and understanding that is part of the Reconciliation Journey, which all Australians must travel together to achieve equality and mutual respect
Narragunnawali: Reconciliation in Schools
In 2014, Reconciliation Australia will launch
a program targeting the school setting:

Narragunnawali - Reconciliation in Schools
rolled out progressively over the next 4
Wil include:
Reconciliation Action Plans (RAPs)
curriculum resources linked to the Australian Curriculum
a professional learning network for teachers
an award program for schools engaged in positive acts of reconciliation.
Full transcript