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The Way to Rainy Mountain
Transcript of The Way to Rainy Mountain
The Way to Rainy Mountain is a memoir that starts off with the author, Momaday, who describes the landscape of Rainy Mountain, while visiting his grandmothers grave. He then falls into a memory and explains his roots to the Kiowa tribe. Rainy Mountain is ¨an old landmark¨ to the Kiowas (Momaday 56). He describes the rise and downfall of the Kiowa civilization, ¨the last culture to evolve in the North America¨ (Momaday 58). He also explained their traditions and their culture. Overall, the readers learn about how the life of the Kiowa people relates to his grandmother, and essentially to him as well.
The Kiowa Tribe
The Kiowa Tribe
The Kiowa Tribe
Overall Written Message
Overall Written Message Explained
Lived in Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas during the 1700s and 1800s
Now they only live in a reserve in Oklahoma
Kiowa language is considered an endangered language because it is not being taught to children anymore.
They speak Kiowa Language, as well as English
Women did all the cooking, cleaning, and housework
They built the homes and also owned the homes
They hunted and were warriors
Were responsible for protecting their family
Went to school and helped around the house
They played with each other and had dolls, toys, and games
In the past, each band was led by a chief, who was a respected warrior
In present times the tribe is led by council members elected by all tribal members
The main staple in their diet was Buffalo
Ate some plants like wild potato, fruits, and nuts
They also ate small game like birds and rabbits
In Kiowa religion there is a hierarchy based on spiritual power
Sun has most spiritual power, then Earthly animals
Predators have more spiritual power than prey
Sun was very important
a form of autobiographical writing in which a person shares personal experiences along with observations of significant events or people.
1. What was the name of the main group of Native Americans present?
1. Kiowa Tribe
2. What element of Earth was most important to the civilization?
2. The Sun
David Spinrad, Victoria Rivera, Erin Dounague, Evan Lazaro
English 2H, Period 3
23 October 2014
- The landscape affected the Kiowa's practices, traditions, and personalities.
a figure of speech to make a situation seem less important than it actually is
repetition of a words or phrases to show that two or more ideas are equally important.
repeating the same words or phrases to make an idea more clear
exaggerating an idea to make it seem more important than it actually is.
- The appearance of something significant, can, and often will change.
- Momaday explains that the Kiowa people were bounded to nature at heart and soul, establishing the landscape as a significant role in their lives. Their great land of the Yellowstone region contributed to their high esteem and confidence as well.
- The theme of change occurs in significant things was explained multiple times in the memoir. For instance, the situations constantly changed for the Kiowa. The Kiowa people dissolved from a great nation, full of land, and then ¨loneliness became the aspect of their land¨ (Momaday 59).
Point of View
Point of View
The story teller's position relative to
the story, whether it is about them self, the reader, or another person.
A comparison using 'like'
A comparison without using 'like' or 'as'.
Giving human characteristics
to something nonhuman.
"I returned to Rainy Mountain in July" (Momaday 56).
This quote shows the story is in first person.
"A dark mist lay over the
Black Hills, and the land
was like iron"(Momaday 59).
"Winter brings blizzards, hot tornadic winds arise in the spring, and in summer the prairie is an
anvil’s edge" (Momaday 56 ).
Explanation of Memoir
A Kiowa Chief
Point of View
"The hardest weather in the world
is there" (Momaday 56).
8. Name the four Literary Devices:
Similes, Personification, Point of View, Metaphors
9. Name the four Rhetorical Devices
Overstatement, Understatement, Parallel Structure, Repetition
10. Complete the sentence:
_______ was a respected warrior
In this quote the author is talking about how the weather in Oklahoma was the "hardest weather in the world." However, there are many other places with more difficult weather than Oklahoma proving this statement to be an exaggeration or overstatement.
"She began in a high and descending pitch, exhausting her breath to silence; then again and again—and always the same intensity of effort, of something that is, and is not, like urgency in
the human voice" (Momaday 60).
Momaday uses repetition in this quote with the word again which emphasizes the amount of times his grandmother lost her breath.
" The women might indulge themselves; gossip was at once the mark and compensation of their servitude. They made loud and elaborate talk among themselves, full of jest and gesture, fright and false alarm."
Momaday is making an understatement because he says the women might indulge themselves in gossip and then goes on to say the women made loud and elaborate talk.
"They went abroad in
fringed and flowered shawls, bright beadwork and German silver" (Momaday 62).
This shows parallel structure by describing the articles of clothing the Kiowa women wore .
¨The Way to Rainy Mountain¨ was a memoir because Momaday shared the memory of his grandmother while describing the Kiowa Tribe.
3. Where did the Kiowa live?
¨The Earth unfolds and the limit of the land recedes¨ (Momaday 59).
-The earth cannot physically unfold.
¨At a distance in July or August the seaming foliage seems to almost writhe in the fire¨ (Momaday 56).
¨The great billowing clouds that sail upon it are shadows that move upon the grain...¨ (Momaday 59).
-Leaves cannot physically squirm by themselves.
In the New Mexico, Oklahoma, Colorado, Texas
4. Complete the sentence:
The Kiowa Tribe was tied to _________________
5. True or False: The Kiowa people
6. Kiowa's speak _____ and ____
, tied to nature
English and the Kiowa Language
7. True or False: Men did all the cooking and cleaning and built the homes.
11. What was the Kiowa's main source of food?
12. Complete the theme:
______ affected the Kiowa's practices, traditions, and personalities