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the death of small cities
Transcript of the death of small cities
Talent + Technology + Tolerance
Returns to Scale
The Value of Proximity
A Big City Strategy for
National Economic Growth
The Small City Disadvange
"The hopeless places are the Enid, Oklahomas, the Youngstown, Ohios, the small places with huge working-class backgrounds, or places that are service-class centers that aren't tourist destinations. They're all at the bottom of my lists. They're the places that are just being completely left behind. So size really is an advantage. If you're big, you can offer a lot of options and do a lot of things."
The Big City Advantage
"Sweden's largest cities are the cores of the knowledge economy. Their centrality is linked to both market conditions, institutional arrangements, and social and cultural conditions.
They are hubs for communication and commerce.
They are command centres that manage risk and develop strategic control of turbulent surroundings.
They are the locus of the complex social networks that are the foundation of the interactive and reflexive learning upon which modern production and service firms depend.
These functions cannot be easily developed in smaller centers. As a result, large cities will play an increasingly important role for the health of the nation's economy."
increasing offshore competition
labour saving technology
high wage expectations
loss of services
unbalanced demographic structure
falling property values
centralization of services
privatization of services
IBM's West Chester NY campus,
1/3 in top 3
1/2 in top 10
3/5 in top 20
Policies of Resilience
The Death of the Small Cities
1/2 in GVRD
3/5 in top 2
~90% of net int'l migration
British Columbia's Population
While BC's "relatively weak regional development policy experience may not have mattered so much in an era of unbounded resource stocks, expectations of strong export markets, and relatively weak international competitors, that there is now a pressing need to develop more imaginative and innovative approaches to the future of BC's regions and communities". He argues for a "bottom-up regionally-grounded model that is sensitive to the increasing diversity of conditions and aspirations across the province", and to do so encourages the provincial government to give a "stronger voice and set of responsibilities to local authorities and to encourage new industry clusters as centre-pieces of official community plans, and as essential complements to traditional investments in infrastructure."
little regional strategy
let them die
"It is difficult to imagine how purely local strategies, no matter how innovative or collaborative, could alter the trend of global economic forces. Demographic transition is a fact, and it fundamentally alters the way in which future changes in the economic geography of nations will affect some regions. Some will decline." Polèse and Shearmur
1996 to 2009
Above Average Growth
1996 to 2009
1976 to 2009
The Big Picture
rise of Asia