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PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION (1987) ARTICLE XIV PART 2

Section 4 to Section 19
by

Eaton Agulto IV

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION (1987) ARTICLE XIV PART 2

THE 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION ARTICLE XIV PART 2 Jestoni C. Agulto Section 4
(1)The state recognizes the complementary roles of public and private institutions in the educational system and shall exercise reasonable supervision and regulation of all educational institutions. The Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU) is a private, voluntary, non-profit and non-stock corporation which was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines on December 2, 1957. It is a service organization which accredits academic programs which meet commonly accepted standards of quality education.

PAASCU is an accrediting body composed of different private educational institutions that stamp other private schools with a quality standard attained with regard to their programs. In November 1967, the Bureau of Education and Culture (now the Department of Education) officially recognized PAASCU and endorsed its work as an accrediting agency. PAASCU is a member of the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines (FAAP). The Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation (PACUCOA) is a private accrediting agency which gives formal recognition to an educational institution by attesting that its academic program maintains excellent standards in its educational operations, in the context of its aims and objectives.
Educational accreditation is a type of quality assurance process under which services and operations of educational institutions or programs are evaluated by an external body to determine if applicable standards are met. If standards are met, accredited status is granted by the agency.

In most countries in the world, the function of educational accreditation is conducted by a government organization, such as a ministry of education. In the United States, however, a quality assurance process exists that is independent of government and performed by private non-profit organizations. ACCREDITATION PAASCU (2)Educational institutions, other than those established by religious groups shall be owned solely by citizens of the Philippines or corporation or associations at least sixty per centum of the capital of which is owned by such citizens.
The control and administration of educational institutions shall be vested in the citizens of the Philippines.
No educational institution shall be established exclusively for aliens and no group of aliens shall comprise more than 1/3 of the enrollment in any school. (3)All revenues and assets of non-stock, non-profit educational institutions used actually, directly and exclusively for educational purposes shall be exempt for taxes and duties. Upon the dissolution or cessation of the corporate existence of such institutions, their assets shall be disposed of in manner provided by law.
Proprietary educational institutions, including those cooperatively owned, may likewise be entitled to such exemptions subject to the limitations provided by law including restrictions on dividends and provisions for reinvestment.
SECTION 4 (4)Subject to conditions prescribed by law, all grants, endowments, donations or contributions used actually, directly and exclusively for educational purposes shall be exempt from tax SECTION 4 Section 5
(1)The state shall take into account regional and sectoral needs and conditions and shall encourage local planning in the development of educational policies and programs.
(2)Academic freedom shall be enjoyed in all institutions of higher learning
(3)Every citizen has a right to select a profession or course of study, subject to fair, reasonable and equitable admission and academic requirements.
SECTION 5 (4)The state shall enhance the right of teachers to professional advancement. Non-teaching academic and non-academic personnel shall enjoy the protection of the state. SECTION 5 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 4670 (June 18, 1966)
THE MAGNA CARTA FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS V.LEAVE AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS
Sec. 24.Study Leave. In addition to the leave privileges now enjoyed by teachers in the public schools, they shall be entitled to study leave not exceeding one school year after seven years of service. Such leave shall be granted in accordance with a schedule set by the Department of Education. During the period of such leave, the teachers shall be entitled to at least sixty per cent of their monthly salary: Provided, however, That no teacher shall be allowed to accumulate more than one year study leave, unless he needs an additional semester to finish his thesis for a graduate study in education or allied courses: Provided, further, That no compensation shall be due the teacher after the first year of such leave. In all cases, the study leave period shall be counted for seniority and pension purposes.

The compensation allowed for one year study leave as herein provided shall be subject to the condition that the teacher takes the regular study load and passes at least seventy-five per cent of his courses. Study leave of more than one year may be permitted by the Secretary of Education but without compensation. (5)The State shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensure that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents through adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfaction and fulfillment. SECTION 5 BUDGET SEC. FLORENCIO ABAD LANGUAGE
Section 6. The national language of the Philippines is FILIPINO. As it evolves, it shall be further developed and enriched on the basis of existing Philippines and other languages.
Subject to provisions of law and as the Congress may deem appropriate, the Government shall take steps to initiate and sutain the use of Filipino as a medium of official communication and as language of instructions in the educational system.

Section 7. For purposes of communication and instruction, the official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and, until otherwise provided by law, English.
The regional languages are the AUXILIARY OFFICIAL LANGUAGES in the regions and shall serve as auxiliary media of instruction therein.
Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis.
Section 8. This Constitution shall be promulgated in Filipino and English and shall be translated into major regional languages, Arabic, and Spanish.

Section 9. The Congress shall establish a national language commission composed of representatives of various regions and disciplines which shall undertake, coordinate, and promote researchers for the development, propagation, and preservation of Filipino and other languages.
English Proficiency Program
In July 2004, Mayor Lito Atienza spearheaded the development and implementation of the English Proficiency Program in all schools being funded by the city government. A committee on the use of English was formed a week after the directive was passed, and it was headed by the then PLM President Benjamin Tayabas. Aside from Tayabas, the other members of the committee were City Administrators Dino Nable, Secretary to the Mayor Emmanuel Sison, Chief of Staff Pia Sacro, Division of City Schools-Manila Superintendent Ma. Luisa S. Quiñones, City College of Manila President Rodrigo Malunhao and Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology President Maura Bautista. A few weeks later, the English as a Second Language (ESL) Center was established at the PLM[72] before the program's full implementation on September 1.[73] Initially, the city's campaign was derided by some critics and groups,[74][75] but later lauded and even followed by other institutions.[75][76][77] Two years after, the American Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines and the European Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines began taking part in a massive English retooling effort among private and government schools in partnership with the Department of Education.[78] Science and Technology
Section 10. Science and Technology are essential for national development and progress. The state shall give priority to research and development, invention, innovation and their utilization: and to science and technology education and training and services.It shall support indigenous, appropriate and self-reliant, scientific and technological capabilities, and their application to the country’s productive systems and national life.

Section 11. The congress may provide for incentives, including tax deductions to encourage private participation in programs of basic and applied scientific research. Scholarships, grants-in-aid, or other forms of incentives shall be provided to deserving science students, researchers, scientists, inventors, technologists and specially gifted citizens.

Section 12. The state shall regulate the transfer and promote the adaptation of technology from all sources for the national benefit. It shall encourage the widest participation of private groups, local governments and community-based organizations in the generalization and utilization of Science and Technology.

Arts and Culture

Section 14. The state shall foster the preservation, enrichment and dynamic evolution of the Filipino national culture based on the principle of unity in diversity in a climate of free artistic and intellectual expression.

Section 15. Arts and letters shall enjoy the patronage of the State. The State shall conserve, promote and popularize the nation’s historical and cultural heritage and resources, as well as artistic creations.

Section 16. All the country’s artistic and historic wealth constitutes the cultural treasure of the nation and shall be under the protection of the State which may regulate its disposition.
Section 17. The State shall recognize, respect and protect the rights of indigenous cultural communities to preserve and develop their cultures, traditions and institutions. It shall consider these rights in the formulation of national plans and policies.
Section 18. The State shall ensure equal access to cultural opportunities through educational system, public or private cultural for entities, scholarships, grants and other incentives and community cultural centers and other public venues. The state shall encourage and support researches and studies on the Arts and Culture.
Sports
Section 19. (1) The state shall promote physical education and encourage sports programs, league competitions and amateur sports, including training for international competitions, to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of healthy and alert citizenry.
(2) All educational institutions shall undertake regular sports activities throughout the country in cooperation with athletic clubs and other sectors
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GODBLESS! :)
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