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Beowulf- Group 3 (Oral Tradition)
Transcript of Beowulf- Group 3 (Oral Tradition)
The Anglo-Saxons' story originated from oral poetry and story telling. The stories were often about warriors and adventures.
One of the most popular tales was Beowulf.
Anglo-Saxons would commonly play music as they told their stories to others. What is Oral Poetry? Beowulf was produced between the eighth and eleventh century century and was officially printed in 1815. The earliest manuscript is supposedly from the early eleventh century.
A primary epic is an epic poem that originated from oral tradition.
We may never know what the Anglo-Saxon dragon looks like because only a fragment of the description of the dragon remains in the manuscript.
There is only one manuscript of Beowulf that has survived to present day. Laurence Nowell (a previous dean of Lichfield) is the earliest known owner of the surviving manuscript. When was Beowulf produced? How old is the earliest manuscript of Beowulf? From which part of Beowulf do we only an excerpt? What are things we may never know regarding the epic of Beowulf? What is meant by primary epic? Beowulf is an important text because it is one of the first known epic stories written in a native European language instead of Latin.
It also the first literary English masterpiece. What is the literary significance of Beowulf? Why is it so important of a Text? Beowulf was wrote in the context and language of Old English. Early Old English was heavily Germanic and was not influenced by French or Spanish for many years.
Around 1000-1100 Old English became heavily influenced by French and soon-after by several other languages. Eventually, Old English was transformed into the modern English language due to the influence of languages such as French and Spanish.
These early differences make reading and understanding the context of Beowulf difficult. What are some problems/challenges when reading/translating Beowulf? Who wrote Beowulf? Describe the origins of the epic. Describe the Audience. The actual author or creator of Beowulf are unknown to this day.
The intended audience of the storyteller(s) were fellow Kinsmen of the storyteller(s). Anglo-Saxons wrote riddles using runes, which they believed had magical powers.
Anglo-Saxons also liked to play with words and amused themselves with riddles.
They liked to gather around and listen to stories and songs in the great hall for entertainment.
The story teller played music to accompany the story or riddles, they played a lyre.
Oral traditions allowed information to be passed down from each generationIt was a way to keep history and culture alive. What was the role of stories, riddles, and songs in the Anglo-Saxon culture? Scops are pro or semi-pro poets who tell tales of their culture.
Scops sang epics during festive times and ceremonious events.
Scops were very important in the Anglo-Saxon culture because they sang in court, recited tribal history and genealogy, taught, composed, critiqued, traveled, and fought for other's beliefs. What is the scop? What was his significance in Anglo-Saxon Culture? Odyssey by Homer
Don Juan by Lord Byron
The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighiere
Metamorphoses by Ovid
Aeneid by Virgil What other significant literature came from oral tradition? By Dylan Singleton, Jansen, Kayla Farr, Meagan Smith, and Ashlynn Johnson.