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Transcript of FLOW
csikszentmihalyi Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi FLOW 2 REFERENCES Results Harmony and reorganization with our consciousness, even at times of adversity. Key to Happiness Maintain inner tranquility as a continuous state of mind. Any potential threat can transform into an enjoyable challenge including most relationships and situations. Perception of time can change. Constructed flow leads to increased skill, challenge and complexity over time. He has dedicated his life to the study of what he calls 'flow.' Flow: "A state in which people are so involved in an activity that nothing else seems to matter; the experience is so enjoyable that people will continue to do it even at great costs for the sheer sake of doing it." - Mihaly Csikszentmikyalyi Gain control over the contents of our consciousness rather than allowing ourselves to be passively determined by external forces. "The best moments usually occur when a body or mind is stretched to its limits in a voluntary effort to accomplish something difficult and worthwhile. Optimal experience is something we make happen."
- Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Happiness comes from within oneself in a flow-like state referred to as simply 'flow' by pyschologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, the world's leading researcher on positive psychology. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi discovered the value of everyday joys as a child while playing chess in an Italian prison during WWII. Stray negative thoughts never enter the mind. The key to happiness consist in how we invest our psychic energy. Our psychic energy flows in the direction of a consciously chosen goal. Pleasure does not equal happiness. The essence of flow
is the removal of the interference of the thinking mind. Discomfort often goes unnoticed during flow. Even when flow consist of painful bodily sensations, despite the pain, these moments that people often recall as being the peak moments of their lives. At age 16, Csikszentmihalyi
traveled to Switzerland to listen a speech by Carl Jung. This speech sparked his interested in psychology and he went on to study Freud and Jung through reading books. But he had little other available resources for further study.... So he traveled to the United States at the age of 22 where he attended the University of Chicago to earn his Ph.D. in psychology. Professor Csikszentmihalyi is known worldwide for his research in happiness and creativity. However, he best known for his concept of 'flow.' He has authored numerous articles and books on the notion of flow. He also also written several bestselling books including Flow, Being Adolescent, The Evolving Self, and Creativity. Born in Hungary in 1934
Psychologist and Author of
'Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience,'
Founding Co-Director of the Quality of Life Research Center "The ego falls away. Time flies. Every action, movement, and thought follows inevitably from the previous one, like playing jazz. Your whole being is involved, and you're using your skills to the utmost."
- Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Geirland, J. (1996). Go with the flow. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/4.09/czik_pr.html
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly and Csikzsentmihalyi, Isabella Selega, (eds.). (1988). Optimal Experience: Psychological studies of flow in consciousness.
Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York, NY: Harper and Row.
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (1996). Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention. New York, NY: Harper Perennial.
Seligman, Martin (2002). Authentic Happiness. New York, NY: Free Press.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2012). Mihalyi csikszentmihalyi. Retrieved from http://www.cgu.edu/pages/4751.asp
Cooper, A. (1998, September). The man who found the flow. Retrieved from http://www.shambhalasun.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1942
"President of Hungary honors SBOS Prof. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi with national science prize". Claremont Graduate University. June 03, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
Nakamura, Jeanne. "2009 Clifton Strength Prize Laureate". Clifton Strengths School. Retrieved March 1, 2013. Results: Most teenagers were unhappy most of the time. But when energy was focused on a challenging task, they tended to be
more upbeat. Each time the beeper went off, the teenagers recorded their thoughts and feelings. 5 Steps to becoming an Autotelic
Person Set goals that have clear and immediate feedback Become immersed in the activity at hand. Learn to enjoy the immediate experience. Pay attention to what is happening only at the moment. Balance challenge and skills. 1 3 4 5 Autotelic people are those who have developed their flow to such an extent that they are able to translate every potential threat into an enjoyable challenge, and thereby maintain an inner tranquility as a continuous state of mind. The autotelic personality has traits that include curiosity, persistence, low self-centeredness, and a desire of performing activities for the sheer experience of it. An Autotelic person tends to have a preference for challenging opportunities and learning skills that stimulate and encourage growth.
The idea is to exercise control over the contents of our consciousness rather than allowing ourselves to be passively determined by external forces.
This can be accomplished during even the simplest activities like yoga, fishing, or even eating. Happiness just doesn't happen. During the activity, nearly all of the brain’s inputs are devoted to the single activity. "Contrary to what we tend to assume, the normal state of the mind is chaos...when we are left alone, with no demands on attention, the basic order of the mind reveals itself... Entropy is the normal state of consciousness--a condition that is neither useful nor enjoyable."
- Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Pleasure is typically a passive state, whereas flow involves a controllable, active state. The main goal is to overcome psychic entropy. A research study conducted by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi called 'The Experience Sampling Study' (also known as the "Beeper Study") was an attempt to measure happiness. This research helped to form what is now known as flow. Life, Theories and Work Recent Work and Interest
Professor Csikszentmihalyi is the founder and co-director of the Quality of Life Research Center (QLRC). The QLRC is a non-profit research institute that studies "positive psychology" which include human strengths such as optimism, creativity, intrinsic motivation, and responsibility. He is a member of the American Academy of Education, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the National Academy of Leisure Studies. Professor Csikszentmihalyi received the Clifton Strengths Prize award in 2009 and in 2011 received the Széchenyi Prize at a ceremony in Budapest.