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PSYA2 - Behavioural approach

The behavioural model of abnormality

Clare Schulze

on 25 April 2016

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Transcript of PSYA2 - Behavioural approach

The Behavioural approach to Psychopathology
Classical conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Social Learning Theory
Key Assumptions

All behaviour is LEARNT/LEARNED
Learning occurs through association.
The dogs learnt to associate the bell with their food and would salivate when the bell rang as they expected food to come.
First proposed by Pavlov, who got dogs to salivate to the sound of a bell.
Positive & negative reinforcement
Learning through the consequences of behaviour.

Negative reinforcemen
Taking something away from the environment to encourage desired behaviour
Behaviours are learnt by seeing others rewarded and punished (social learning)

Describe the key features of behavioural approach to psychopathology (4 marks)

Adding something to the environment to encourage desired behaviour
Positive reinforcement
Abnormal behaviour is the consequence of abnormal learning from the environment
Read P6
Behaviourists believe that our actions are determined largely by the experience we have in life
Behaviour in animals is very similar to behaviour in humans
Observation & imitation
Use to help you complete the diagram on P3
Have your homework ready for me to collect please
Three main
learning theories
Operant conditioning
Classical conditioning
Social Learning
Experimental Evidence for Classical Conditioning
Little Albert
What happened in the little Albert experiment?
Use P4
What does 'adaptive' & 'maladaptive' mean?
Apply your knowledge - P5
Issue with animal studies?
The behavioural approach states that abnormality is learned through classical conditioning, operant conditioning and by social learning. In classical conditioning an unconditioned stimulus and a conditioned stimulus are paired together so that eventually the conditioned stimulus produces the same response as the unconditioned stimulus. In operant conditioning a response becomes more frequent if it is reinforced by something the person wants or needs. Finally, in social learning, a person observes someone else bhevaing in a certain way and also observes what behaviours they are rewarded for carrying out. This is known as vicarious reinforcement, and means that an individual imitates behaviours that they have seen reinforced in others.
Limited view
Counter evidence
Support for the approach
Apply the three learning theories to explaining psychopathology
Understand at least two weaknesses of the behavioural approach
Create a fully PEEL'd evaluation point
Hi I'm George
Help me (using the behavioural approach!

Behavioural approach

Easter Homework
Minimum of 15 exam questions completed for PSYA2 (for revision) - MUST include 12 mark questions
Cognitive approach
PSYA1 & PSYA2 - Praising Stars 5 assessments
Full transcript