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Copy of Ballet History and Terms

Dance 1 and Dance 2

Karen Searles

on 30 August 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Ballet History and Terms


Eras of Ballet
Ballets performed in the 16th and 17th centuries
Popularized by King Louis XIV
Dances came from Court Dancing such as the minuet
Designed for entertainment for the nobility and those who were dancing
Often performed by men only
Skirts were made of a bone or wire base
Men and women in heeled shoes
Pre-Romantic Era
Ballet began in the 1600s
King Louis XIV helped ballet grow
He made his ballet debut as a boy
For his final piece he appeared as Apollo
Apollo was the god of the sun
King Louis XIV became the "Sun King"
He started the 1st ballet school and hired people to develop the art form
A dancer in King Louis XIV's royal court
Director of the Académie Royale de Danse which was founded by King Louis XIV
Developed the 5 positions of the feet and the use of arms (port de bras)
Came to America from Russia
Formed Ballet Society
Ballet Society later became American School of Ballet and New York City Ballet Company in 1930's
Responsible for the "ballet body" or image of a very thin ballet dancer
King Louis XIV
of France
Pierre Beauchamp
Male and female
Stories are more realistic
Nutcracker, Swan Lake
Classical tutus emerged (pancake)
Improved pointe shoes
Beats, jumps were taken to next level
High slick bun
Elaborate scenery and costumes
More use of pantomime
Began in the early 1800s
Ballet became pretty and had storylines
Stories involved fantasy characters
La Sylphide, Giselle, Les Sylphides
Primarily female dancers
Females danced on early pointe shoes
Marie Taglioni was the first to wear pointe shoes
Long ankle romantic length tutu
Center part, hair over the ears, low bun
The Romantic tutu was a full, white, multi-layered skirt made of tulle.
George Balanchine
Ballet Terms
Ballet Barre
Ballet Basics
& Leaps
A barre is a stationary handrail that is used during ballet warm up exercises. The term also refers to the exercises that are performed at the barre, as well as that part of a ballet class that incorporates barre exercises.
Order of Exercises
1.Plié – to bend, Relevé – to rise
a.Demi – half
b.Grand - big
2.Tendu – to stretch
3.Dégagé– a low battement that is disengaged from the floor
4.*Rond de jambe-circle of the leg along the floor
5.Battement – to beat, a brush kick
6.Other exercises as determined by the teacher
1.Turn out – outward rotation of the hips
2.*En croix – in the shape of the cross (front, side, back, side)
3.Port de bras – carriage of the arms
4.*Passé – to pass from fifth position front to fifth position back
5.Chaîné – chained, to link/connect
6.*Piqué – to prick
7.*Coupé – to cut (usually is a preparation for another step)
8.Pirouette – to whirl
9.Balancé – to rock or sway, step ball change
1.*Sauté – to jump, on one or two feet
2.*Jeté – to throw, a leap from one foot to the other foot
3.Changement – to change, a jump that changes 3rd or 5th each time
4.*Échappé – escaping movement (a jumping movement from open and close)
5.*Sissonne – a jump from two feet to one
6.*Glissade – to glide; brush one foot along the floor, shift of weight and slide other foot closed
1930's-Present day
Plotless ballets
Jazz/Modern ballets with parallel lines
Focus on advanced technique and skills
George Balanchine was a prominent choreographer
Contemporary Ballet
Russian dancer moved to US
Considered one of the best male ballet dancers in history
Studied at NYCB under Balanchine
Went on to dance for American Ballet Theater and later became the artistic director
Mikhail Baryshnikov
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