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The Second Industrial Revolution Power Point

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Luis Montanez

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of The Second Industrial Revolution Power Point

The 2nd Industrial Revolution By:Eduardo Montanez B2 Mr.Siratt Electric Power In 1863 Thomas Edison became an engineer he set up the world's first electricity generation plant in New York City, and invented the alkaline battery, the first electric railroad, and a host of other electricity inventions that laid the basis for the modern electric world. TELEGRAPH The telegraph machine was way for people to communicate over long distances. The first telegraph was thought of by Samuel Morse and he built the first version of it in 1835. It wasn't until 9 years later that he made a telegraph that worked when he built a line stretching from Washington, DC to Baltimore.Communication was done through lines and dots in what would later be named Morse code after the creator. Telephone Alexander Graham Bell was born in 1847 . In Boston he started his career as an inventor. he was always interested in the deaf because of his wife and mother, they were both deaf. That interest led him into inventing the microphone and, in 1876, his "electrical speech machine," which we now call a telephone. news of the invention spread all over the country.first telephones were set up in New Haven, Connecticut,Boston, Massachusetts and New York City. Type writer Cristopher Latham Sholes invented the typewriter in 1867 with the help of Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule.The typewriter had a great impact on us history. it increased production of important documents,literacy pieces and helped spread knowledge.writers and and people made written compositions in an easier and faster way. It was more easier than writing with a pencil. Petroleum based products It began in 1859 with the first oil well in Pennsylvania, U.S.A. The first primary product was kerosene for lamps and heaters.Kerosene lighting was much more efficient and less expensive than vegetable oils, tallow and whale oil. Although town gas lighting was available in some cities, kerosene produced a brighter light until the invention of the gas mantle. Medical Vaccinations 1879 First vaccine for cholera
1881 First vaccine for anthrax
1882 First vaccine for rabies
1896 First vaccine for typhoid fever
1897 First vaccine for plague Industrial innovations James Watt -First reliable Steam Engine 1775.
Eli Whitney -Cotton Gin, Interchangeable parts for muskets 1793, 1798.
Robert Fulton- Regular Steamboat service on the Hudson River 1807.
Samuel F. B. Morse -Telegraph 1836.
Elias Howe- Sewing Machine 1844.
Isaac Singer -Improves and markets Howe's Sewing Machine 1851.
Cyrus Field- Transatlantic Cable 1866.
Alexander Graham Bell- Telephone 1876.
Thomas Edison- Phonograph, Incandescant Light Bulb 1877, 1879.
Nikola Tesla- Induction Electric Motor 1888.
Rudolf Diesel -Diesel Engine 1892.
Orville and Wilbur Wright -First Airplane 1903.
Henry Ford- Model T Ford, Assembly Line 1908, 1913. Sherman Antitrust act It prohibits certain business activities that reduce competition in the marketplace, and requires the United States federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of being in violation.first law to limit monopolies and cartels. interstate commerce act Congress established the ICC to control the powerful railroad industry, then plagued by monopolistic and unfair pricing practices that often discriminated against smaller railroads and businesses as well as individual consumers. Railroads Gave the economy a boost it connected isolated farms and cities, which meant more jobs,trades,production and transportation. increased demand in coal. Labor unions and big business One of the first major unions was the Knights of Labor, founded in 1869. The Knights demanded equal pay for women, an end to child labor, and a progressive income tax, among other reforms.The Knights had women, blacks, and immigrants. innovations of agriculture, military, and medicine charles darwin Mr.Darwin was an english naturalist he studied evolution and rejected many theories. he explained the diversity in nature. andrew carnegie He is often regarded as the second-richest man in history after John D. Rockefeller.He earned most of his fortune in the steel industry. In the 1870s, he founded the Carnegie Steel Company, a step which cemented his name as one of the "Captains of Industry". Carnegie devoted the remainder of his life to large-scale philanthropy, with special emphasis on local libraries, world peace, education and scientific research. His life has often been referred to as a true "rags to riches" story. John D. Rockfeller He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust.He is often refereed to as the richest man in history.Rockefeller became a lifelong member of the then-new Republican Party, and a strong supporter of Abraham Lincoln and the party’s abolitionist wing. Born:July 8, 1839 Born:November 25, 1835 Born:12 February 1809 j.p morgan Born:April 17, 1837 an American financier, banker, philanthropist and art collector who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation during his time. In 1892 Morgan arranged the merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Electric Company to form General Electric.He partenered up with Carnegie Steel Company and several other steel and iron businesses, including Consolidated Steel and Wire Company owned by William Edenborn, to form the United States Steel Corporation. Growing crops became more of a easy thing to do once they invented the seed drill and the horse hoe.breeding of livestock with special qualities also had a great impact.
vaccinations were created and treated many diseases. Some of the most powerful business or corporations were John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company, Andrew Carnegie’s Carnegie Steel, Cornelius Vanderbilt’s New York Central Railroad System, and J.P. Morgan’s banking house.
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