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The Path to a Civilization
Transcript of The Path to a Civilization
To explain how they and other things in nature came about, religion was created.
They may have believed in one god or many gods, and had forms of worship that could include burial rituals, holidays, or prayer services.
Cities with a Stable Food Supply
When farmers moved to the fertile river valleys, they planted crops and grew extra food.
This led to an increase in population, and soon the villages became cities.
Since fewer village members were needed to provide the food, this left time for them to develop a skill.
This led to jobs such as metal workers, potters, weavers, scribes, and bakers.
Jobs/Division of Labor
As jobs became specialized, people were ranked in society according to what they did.
Usually the ruler, or king, was at the top of the social structure, and slaves were at the bottom
In time, governments were formed to keep order in the cities. Some were led by a single ruler, a pharaoh or king. Others were led by groups of people.
Laws were created for all to follow.
Metal tools made by metal workers.
With more time on their hands, they created tools that made their lives easier. The creation of the plow, irrigation system, paper, and wheel were invented by the Mesopotamians and are still used today.
A way to record information was needed, since they had extra crops to store and trade occurring with other city-states. They needed a way to store this information for future use, so writing was created.