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Pride and Prejudice
Transcript of Pride and Prejudice
Pride is the main barrier that creates an obstacle between Elizabeth and Darcy's marriage. Darcy's pride within the position he is in society leads him to believe that he is superior to everyone outside of his social circle. At last Darcy's letter makes her realize that her jugements were wrong becuase they were based on her vanity.
In Chapters 52-61 a letter arrives to home, telling Elizabeth that Lydia has left without permission with Wickham. Lizzy worries becaue the couple is nowhere to be found suggesting that they may be living together without marrying each other. Elizabeth hurries fearful of the disgrace such a situation would bring on her entire family. Mr. Gardiner and Mr. Bennet go off to search for Lydia, but Mr. Bennet eventually returns home empty-handed. Just when all hope seems lost, a letter comes from Mr. Gardiner saying that the couple has been found and that Wickham has agreed to marry Lydia in exchange for an annual income. The Bennets are convinced that Mr. Gardiner has paid off Wickham.Although Elizabeth learns that Darcy was the source of the money in order for her family's salvation.
Wickham and Lydia get married and return to Longbourn briefly, where Mr. Bennet treats them coldly. They then depart for Wickham’s new assignment in the North of England. Bingley returns to Netherfield and resumes his friendship with Jane. Darcy goes to stay with him and pays visits to the Bennets but makes no mention of his desire to marry Elizabeth. On the other hand, Bingley proposes to Jane. Lady Catherine de Bourgh pays a visit to Longbourn which Bennets estate. She corners Elizabeth and says that she has heard that Darcy, her nephew, is planning to marry her. Since she considers a Bennet an unsuitable match for a Darcy, Lady Catherine demands that Elizabeth promise to refuse him. Elizabeth refuses, saying she is not engaged to Darcy, but she will not promise anything against her own happiness. Elizabeth and Darcy go out walking together and he tells her that his feelings have not changed since the spring. Darcy asks for Elizabeth's hand to Mr.Bennet even though he is confused because her feeling changed through out the novel, but she finally accepts she loves him. Elizabth accepts Mr.Darcy's proposal and is the most fortunate to have the love of her life at her side.
Pride and Prejudice
by Jane Austen
Presented by Rita Salazar and Mee-Lai Alvarado
-Mr. and Mrs.Gardiner
Mr. and Mrs.Gardiner
They owed the restoration of Lydia, her character, every thing, to him. Oh! how heartily did she grieve over every ungracious sensation she had ever encouraged, every saucy speech she had ever directed towards him. For herself she was humbled; but she was proud of him. Proud that in a cause of compassion and honour, he had been able to get the better of himself.
•Location: Chapter 52
•Mentioned or related: Elizabeth (Eliza, Lizzy) Bennet, Fitzwilliam Darcy, Lydia Bennet
In spite of his being a lover, Elizabeth really believed all his expectations of felicity to be rationally founded, because they had for basis the excellent understanding, and super-excellent disposition of Jane, and a general similarity of feeling and taste between her and himself.
•Location: Chapter 55
•Mentioned or related: Elizabeth (Eliza, Lizzy) Bennet, Jane Bennet , Charles Bingley
"They owed the restoration of Lydia, her character, every thing, to him. Oh! how heartily did she grieve over every ungracious sensation she had ever encouraged, every saucy speech she had ever directed towards him. For herself she was humbled; but she was proud of him. Proud that in a cause of compassion and honour, he had been able to get the better of himself."
This reveals Darcy's charcter at the end of the story how he wasn't full of pride and was helpful toward her family. This reveals that Darcy's arrogance eventually turned to a caring and humble character.
Charcters in quote: Elizabeth Bennet, Darcy, Lydia Bennet
"In spite of his being a lover, Elizabeth really believed all his expectations of felicity to be rationally founded, because they had for basis the excellent understanding, and super-excellent disposition of Jane, and a general similarity of feeling and taste between her and himself."
This emphasizes that Elizabeth thoughts of her expectations for the future with Jane.
•Characters involoved: Elizabeth (Eliza, Lizzy) Bennet, Jane Bennet , Charles Bingley
"I have said no such thing. I am only resolved to act in that manner, which will, in my own opinion, constitute my happiness, without reference to you, or to any person so wholly unconnected with me."
This emphasizes that Elizabeth doesn't agree with Lady Catherine way of insulting her and the Bennet family and will do as she wishes being the strong independent women that she is throughout the book.
"That is what makes it amusing. Had they fixed on any other man it would have been nothing; but his perfect indifference, and your pointed dislike, make it so delightfully absurd!"
Mr.Bennet conveys the messge that Elizabths.....
•Speaker: Mr. Bennet
•Mentioned or related: Elizabeth (Eliza, Lizzy) Bennet, Fitzwilliam Darcy
"What do I not owe you! You taught me a lesson, hard indeed at first, but most advantageous. By you, I was properly humbled. I came to you without a doubt of my reception. You showed me how insufficient were all my pretensions to please a woman worthy of being pleased."
Elizabeth teaches Darcy a lesson not to be prideful and to become a humble person.
"I know that you could be neither happy nor respectable, unless you truly esteemed your husband; unless you looked up to him as a superior. Your lively talents would place you in the greatest danger in an unequal marriage ... My child, let me not have the grief of seeing you unable to respect your partner in life."
This reveals Eizabeth's talking to Mr.Bennet about her true feelings towards Mr.Darcy and that she truly loves him because he is respectful to her and her family.
Austen is amused by the characters behavior towards each other.
Throughout Pride and Prejudice, Austen pays particular attention to the manner and style of many of the characters' homes or estates. A small-scale home like the Bennets' is presented as a suitable, if modest place in which to raise five daughters. It's still respectable. In contrast, larger manors like Bingley's at Netherfield Park, Lady Catherine's estate of Rosings, or Darcy's palatial home of Pemberley are showcases for their owner's enormous wealth and are symbols of social prestige. Elizabeth's reaction on first seeing Pemberley and her imagining how it would be to live there illustrates that even her calm, cool sense of detachment by the beauty and size of the estate. In a way, houses and estates function as the outward signs of their owner's inward character. They carry an almost spiritual significance. Elizabeth's elevation from Longbourn to Pemberley marks not only a rise in her social position, but an advance in her moral growth as well.
Pride is a constant presence in the characters' attitudes and treatment of each other. Pride blinds Elizabeth and Darcy to their true feelings about each other. Darcy's pride about his social rank makes him look down on anyone not in his immediate circle. Elizabeth, on the other hand, takes so much pride in her ability to judge others that she refuses to revise her opinion even in the face of clearly contradictory evidence. This is why she despises the good-hearted Darcy for so long, but initially admires the lying Wickham. Yet while Pride and Prejudice implies that no one is ever completely free of pride, it makes it clear that with the proper moral upbringing one may overcome it to lead a life of kindness. In the end, the two lovers are able to overcome their pride by helping each other see their respective blind spots. Elizabeth learns not to place too much weight on her own judgments.
Full Title:Pride and Prejudice
Genre: Novel of manners
Setting: Hertfordshire, London, and Pemberley, all in England (1797–1815)
Climax:The search for Lydia and Wickham
Antagonist:There is no single antagonist. The sins of pride and prejudice
function as the main antagonizing force
Point of View:Third person omniscient
Mrs. Gardiner sends a letter to Lizzy detailing how Darcy went to London to loof for Wickham and stopped him from abandoning Lydia and escaping to Europe.Darcy negotiated a deal with Mr. Gardiner that he would pay and Mr. Gardiner would take all the credit. Darcy argues that it was his silence about Wickham's character that set all of these problems in motion. Mrs. Gardiner writes that she suspects that Darcy had another motivation, Elizabeth perhaps.Elizabeth encounters Wickham him on a walk and recaps that she knows his story. She agreed to be his sister-in-law, and requests that they not argue about the past.
Wickham is ready to abandon Lydia. Darcy realizes that this would mess up the Bennets' reputation and totally prevent any future association he could have with them. As Mrs. Gardiner realizes, Darcy bribes Wickham in order to preserve Elizabeth's reputation, not Lydia's. He then refuses the credit out of pride and respect for Elizabeth.
This emphasizes that Elizabeth will be neither fooled by Wickham or prejudiced against him and she shows compassion in accepting Wickham into the family. This conveys that Darcy act of kindness was out of the pride and respect for Elizabeth.
Mrs. Bennet hears rumors that Bingley is returning to Netherfield after Lydia and Wickman left. Mr. Bennet refuses to visit him. However, Bingley and Darcy visit the Bennets. Mrs. Bennet gives a warm welcome to Bingley without paying much attention to Darcy. She then goes on to speak happily about Lydias marriage.
Darcy is upleasant while he was at Pemberley, and Elizabeth doubts he has returned for her.Mrs.Bennet reinvites Bingley and Darcy to dinner.
Mr. Bennet's pride won't let him visit a man who hurt his daughter, even though avoiding Bingley is impolite.
Mrs. Bennet fails to welcome the person to whom she should be most grateful: Darcy.
Outside his Pemberley comfort zone, Darcy is a different person. Elizabeth worries that her mother continues to offend him. This foreshadows that Bingley and Jane will rediscover their affection when they're together.
Pride, Prejudice, Family, Marriage, Class
Bingley decides to take the seat next to Jane at dinner just as he used to. Elizabeth watches them carefully and is sure that Bingley will soon propose. However, Darcy sits at the far end of the table from Elizabeth, next to Mrs. Bennet barely speaking to Lizz. At the end of the dinner Lizzy feels silly for thinking she had another chance with Darcy after already rejecting him once.
Marriage, Pride, Prejudice, Family
Bingley realizes that he finally trusts his own decisions and emotions. Unlike Jane with Bingley, Elizabeth has no chance to express herself to Darcy in person. Elizabeth's confusion constantly reevaluating everything makes her a richly developed character.
Bingley visits alone to see the Bennets. Mrs. Bennet expects a proposal and clears everyone but Jane from the room. Nothing happens. The next morning, Bingley returns to shoot with Mr. Bennet. When Bingley comes inside, Mrs. Bennet again empties the room. Elizabeth returns from writing a letter and sees Bingley and Jane together by the fireside after he had proposed marriage.Jane goes upstairs to tell her mother. Bingley and Elizabeth greet each other as brother and sister. Elizabeth knows that Bingley and Jane's mutual understanding will make them very happy.
Bingley tells Jane that he didn't know she was in London.Jane realizes that Caroline had worked against her, but hopes to have friendship with Caroline.
Family, Pride, Prejudice, Family
The first non-proposal builds suspense. The second provides the payoff.
Bingley and Jane's marriage, unlike Lydia's, will have a solid foundation of respect and mutual admiration.
Bingley is honest and discrete wile Jane has matured to accept the evil in the world and uses her compassion to deal with it.
Lady Catherine De Bourgh makes a surprise visit to Longbourn inspecting the rooms and property, then asks Elizabeth to take a walk.Lady Catherine gets to the point: she knows of Jane's engagement; she also knows that Elizabeth has tricked her nephew, Darcy, into proposing as well. Elizabeth denies having done any such thing. Lady Catherine demands that she promise never to accept a proposal from Darcy. Elizabeth unconditionally refuses.Lady Catherine is shocked at Elizabeth's reply. She says that Darcy was always intended for her daughter, Miss De Bourgh. And that Darcy's connection to the Bennets would bring shame, dishonor, to his family. Elizabeth, deeply insulted, denies that Lady Catherine's arguments have relevance for either herself or Darcy: they will make their own choices. Lady Catherine drives away furious.
Pride, Prejudice, Marriage, Class
Lady Catherine's first instinct is to measure the Bennets' class rank by their property.
Lady Catherine's interrogation of Elizabeth is very rude. She feels her power exempts her from common decency, and she can't believe that Darcy would choose Elizabeth. So, she thinks he must have been tricked.
Elizabeth boldly asserts her freedom of mind and freedom from the class concerns of Lady Catherine. Elizabeth suggests that individuals can define themselves regardless of class or social prejudices.
Mr. Bennet calls in Elizabeth to congratulate her on her upcoming engagement. Elizabeth is stunned. Mr. Bennet shares with her a letter from Mr. Collins in which he cautions Elizabeth not to go forward with an engagement to Darcy against Lady Catherine's wishes. Mr. Bennet thinks the rumor about Elizabeth and Darcy is hilarious because he is certain that Elizabeth hates Darcy and that Darcy is indifferent to her. Elizabeth fakes a laugh to hide her deep embarrassment about her father's misjudgment. But a small part of her worries that her father might be right and that she has overestimated Darcy's interest.
Family, Marriage, Class
The exact opposite of Elizabeth, Mr. Collinsreveals to have no independence will to act outside of Lady Collins' stuffy social approval.
Darcy comes to Longbourn with Bingley and Elizabeth and Darcy find themselves alone. Elizabeth cannot contain her gratitude any longer for all that Darcy suffered and sacrificed for Lydia. Darcy tells Elizabeth that he did everything for her. Darcy says his feelings for her have not changed since his rejected proposal, and asks about her feelings. Elizabeth confesses that her feelings have significantly changed. Darcy is overwhelmed with happiness and explains that he started to hope after Lady Catherine informed him about Elizabeth's stubborn refusal to follow her commands.Darcy regrets his first proposal to Elizabeth. He's been prideful since childhood and presumed that she would accept. He thanks Elizabeth for teaching him a lesson about humility. Elizabeth apologizes for treating him so roughly.
Darcy explains that he told Bingley the truth about Jane and advised him to return to Netherfield. Bingley was angry about being deceived while Jane was in London, but he has forgiven Darcy.
Elizabeth has to be a little impolite in ignoring Darcy's request that Mr. Gardiner take the credit. But by breaking the rules, Elizabeth allows for their climactic emotional exchange.
While there is no explicit marriage proposal from Darcy yet, everything connects on Elizabeth's growth as a character and ability to overcome her prejudice. Darcy's forgiveness is another example that he has relinquished his pride.
Selfish plans based on class prejudice all backfire in this novel.
Elizabeth was humbled after she learned the truth about Darcy, so Darcy learned humility in realizing that his pride injured her and prevented his own happiness.
Elizabeth informs Jane everything and Jane doesn't believe her. Elizabeth explains how her affections gradually changed, and Jane is absolutely delighted.Mrs. Bennet is annoyed when Darcy returns the next day with Bingley. She apologizes to Elizabeth for the inconvenience of having to go on long walks with him.
Later Darcy visits Mr. Bennet in private to ask his consent to marry Elizabeth. Mr. Bennet calls in Elizabeth. He's stunned at the proposal, and wonders why Elizabeth would marry a man she hates. Elizabeth explains everything, and Mr. Bennet happily gives his blessing.
Elizabeth tells her mother the news that night. After a moment of shock, Mrs. Bennet joyfully stutters that Elizabeth will be genteel and rich—even richer than Jane! Elizabeth fears that her mother will continue to embarrass Darcy, but Mrs. Bennet, because she's intimidated, treats him with uncharacteristic respect.
Prejudice , Family, Marriage
Even the closest person to Elizabeth doesn't know her feelings, which shows how closely people guarded their emotions.
Mrs. Bennet here provides some comic irony with her misplaced prejudice against Darcy. She should be encouraging him.
Like the rest of his family, Mr. Bennet needs Elizabeth to interpret Darcy. This serves as a metaphor for how Elizabeth helps Darcy identify and correct his own flaws, bringing out his best attributes.
Mrs. Bennet never changes. She measures her daughters' successes by the size of their husbands' bank accounts. She doesn't recognize that Jane and Elizabeth have chosen their husbands for better reasons.
Elizabeth asks Darcy how he ever fell in love with her. He points to her liveliness of mind, but, like Elizabeth, he can't put his finger on when it happened.
Elizabeth writes to tell Mrs. Gardiner of her engagement, and Darcy to Lady Catherine. Mr. Bennet writes to Mr. Collins who, along with Charlotte, soon return to town to congratulate the couple and steer clear of a furious Lady Catherine. Georgiana Darcy writes to Elizabeth of her happiness at having such a sister. Caroline Bingley writes empty congratulations to Jane. Jane sees through her shallow sentiments, but replies with a nicer letter than Caroline deserves.
Elizabeth tries to insulate Darcy from the foolishness of Mr. Collins, Sir William Lucas, and Mrs. Philips, but Darcy tolerates them pretty well. Elizabeth looks forward to hosting her close family at Pemberley.
Pride, Prejudice, Marriage, Class
Elizabeth and Darcy change gradually, through careful reflection and self-improvement. This gives their marriage a solidity that Lydia's lacks.
The web of letters sent indicates how Elizabeth and Darcy's marriage affects everyone. The fact that the two most shallow and class-conscious characters—Lady Catherine and Caroline—disapprove of the marriage makes it seem like a true union of equals based on respect, love, and commitment.
Darcy's pride is tempered by his new humility. Elizabeth looks forward to sharing the new wealth she has gained.
"The fact is, that you were sick of civility, of deference, of officious attention. You were disgusted with the women who were always speaking, and looking, and thinking for your approbation alone. I roused, and interested you, because I was so unlike them."
Elizabeth is a symbol of the Enlightment during the Victorian era. Darcy now believes that Elizabeth is an amazing women of self-awareness and knowledge.
A year later, Jane and Bingley move into an estate near Elizabeth and Darcy at Pemberley. Mrs. Bennet, extremely proud, visits them often. Mr. Bennet misses Elizabeth and visits frequently, too. Kitty improves in character from spending time with her two older sisters. Mary lives with her parents.
Lydia writes to Elizabeth with congratulations and asks if Darcy could pitch in some money for them. Elizabeth is annoyed, but sends them the money from her own savings. Lydia sometimes visits Pemberley, though always without Wickham, whose affection for her has waned.
Even though Caroline Bingley is disappointed by Darcy's marriage, she tries to make nice with Elizabeth. Georgiana and Elizabeth get along wonderfully, just as Darcy had hoped. Lady Catherine abuses Darcy in a letter, but Elizabeth eventually encourages him to make amends. Lady Catherine eventually accepts the marriage and occasionally visits. Elizabeth and Darcy remain on close terms with Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner, grateful for the Gardiner's role in bringing them together.
Pride, Family, Prejudice
Elizabeth fulfills her daydreams about Pemberley and, as Darcy had hoped, eased her attachment to Longbourn. Jane and Elizabeth were always the moral center of the family, and now they are rewarded.
Lydia is as opportunistic and shameless as ever. She married a useless man and spends beyond her means. Elizabeth respects Darcy's pride, so she only uses her own savings.
Marriage plots are about compromise. Elizabeth and Darcy influence each other. Their marriage also softens Lady Catherine's prejudices and Caroline's disappointment. The friendship between the upper-class Darcy and Elizabeth and the middle class Gardiners shows that virtue and affection can overcome class prejudice.
-The second oldest of the five Bennet sisters
-Smart, lively, and attractive but not as beautiful as
-Full of pride while analyzing other people, but she is often mistaken in her conclusions about their motivations
-Overcomes her own prejudice
-Laces little value on money and social position
Although she is drawn to Darcy, she resists him based on her own mistaken thoughts about him.
-Bingley's closest friend
- Brother of Georgiana and nnephew of Lady Catherine de Bourgh
-wealthy, at first is filled with arrrogance
-Has great integrity, but his extreme class-consciousness makes him appear vain and proud.
-Finds Elizabeth attractive, even ideal, but is clumsy in expressing his feelings and disdains her family.
-Elizabeth's intelligence and her disregard for social rank teaches him to see people more for who they are, rather than the status in to which they were born.
-The oldest of the Bennet sisters
-Beautiful, sweet-tempered, and modest
-She refuses to think badly of anyone
-Looks on the bright side and is quick to defend someone when Elizabeth suspects them of having shortcomings.
-Darcy's best friend
-brother of Caroline Bingley and Mrs. Hurst
-down to earth
- Despite his huge wealth, he is humble and modest, placing no great weight on social standing.
-Mr. Bennet's cousin
-entitled to the Bennet estate (in Austen's time, only men could inherit)
-ridiculous performs in a serious way because he thinks he's better than anyone
-clergyman concerned only with impressing others.
-made a bad marriage and is resigned to endure it
-good-hearted person, but fails his family by remaining sarcastically detached: everything is a joke to him.
-has poor judgment, as when he does not interfere between Lydia and Wickham.
The author uses satire while using humor or ridicule to expose and criticize the characters.
-She's intelligent and caring something that Elizabeth and Jane cannot find in Bennet; she's like a mother to them.
-He is Mrs.Bennets brother
-He is successful and warmhearted
-rich, wealthy status
-her newphew is Darcy
-involves herself in everyone's affairs
-is serious about her class rank
- the youngest of the Bennet sisters
-She has never had to deal with the consequences of her actions
-The Bennets home in Netherfield
-Pemberley: Mr.Darcy's estate
Mrs.Bennet a women of mean understanding, uncertain temper; her riduculous behavior towards Darcy and Bingley.
Mr.Bingley is a romantic interest of Jane, goodlight whereas Darcy's romatic interest is Elizabeth.
-The Bennets home in Netherfield
-Pemberley: Mr.Darcy's estate