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Review of Renewable Energy Policy

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ss lee

on 9 March 2013

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Transcript of Review of Renewable Energy Policy

Future Renewable Energies
- Biomass Energy
- Hydro Power
- Solar Power
- Wind Power Review of Renewable Energy Policy for Selected Developing Countries
(in Southeast Asia) Content http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Southeast_Asia_(orthographic_projection).svg 1 Introduction
2 Energy Policies for Selected Countries
2.1 Background
2.2 Type of Renewable Energies
2.3 Current Progress
2.4 Problems and Solutions
3 Conclusion http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm Introduction http://www.sundyne.com/Products/Compressors/Applications/Petroleum+Production+and+Refining http://www.crowley.com/success-stories/American-Petroleum-Tankers Current situation
1. Energy drives modern life. i.e.


2. Main energy sources
Transportation sector
Electricity generation

Petroleum
Gas
Coal http://topnews.net.nz/content/214233-high-oil-prices-will-affect-global-economy Introduction (Cont') Current situation
3. High fuel oil price problem



4. Air quality deteriorated

Depletion of fossil fuel
Last for 45 years only!
High demand, low supply Year 1999
USD 15/Barrel Year 2001
USD 22/Barrel Year 2003
USD 31/Barrel Year 2005
USD 45/Barrel Year 2008
USD 130/Barrel Is this situation SUSTAINABLE? Content 1 Introduction
2 Energy Policies for Selected Countries
2.1 Background
2.2 Type of Renewable Energies
2.3 Current Progress
2.4 Problems and Solutions
3 Conclusion http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY http://www.freeflagicons.com 1. Malaysia 3. Indonesia 2. Philippines Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 84%
- Hydro Power - 16%
- 93.8 billion kWh (Year 2011) http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=my&v=81 Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia Effort: Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS) of MYR 5 billion

Main Focus: Biomass Energy
Reason: Possesses Palm Oil Plantations & Main Exporter of Palm Oil https://nidderdaleaonb.org.uk
http://biomass.sref.info/proceedings.htm Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia Shortcoming: about Biomass Energy
Air Pollution (CO2, PM, NOx, etc)
High Edible Oil Price

Solution: Diversified Approach 4. Vietnam RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY http://www.freeflagicons.com 1. Malaysia 3. Indonesia 2. Philippines 4. Vietnam Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 39%
- Hydro Power - 11%
- Geothermal - 15%
- Coal - 35%
- 67.743 billion kWh (Year 2010) http://www.doe.gov.ph/ep/Powerstat.htm Future Renewable Energies
- Geothermal Power
- Biomass Energy Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines http://www.yourgreendream.com/articles_geothermal.php
http://biomass.sref.info/proceedings.htm http://jtkiwi.wordpress.com/
http://www.destination360.com/central-america/costa-rica/arenal-volcano Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines Main Focus: Geothermal Energy
Reason: located on the western part of the Pacific Rim, which has plenty volcanoes Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines Difficulty: lack of support
the Philippines’s Department of Energy
Private investors

Solution: Provide Tax Incentive http://beginnersinvest.about.com/od/savingsanddebtmanagement/tp/saving-money.htm RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY http://www.freeflagicons.com 1. Malaysia 3. Indonesia 2. Philippines 4. Vietnam Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 77%
- Coal - 20%
- Renewable (Hydro, Geo, Wind) - 3%
- 119.3 billion kWh (Year 2011) http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=my&v=81 http://www.eoearth.org/article/Energy_profile_of_Indonesia Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia Future Renewable Energies
- Solar Energy
- Wind Energy
- Ocean Wave Energy
- Geothermal Energy
- Biomass Energy http://www.theenergylibrary.com/taxonomy/term/2341 Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia Effort: Revised the Existing Policies

• Green Energy Policy (Ministerial Decree No.2/2004)
• Small Power Generation using Renewable Energy (Ministerial Decree No. 1122 K/30/MEM/2002)
• Geothermal Law (Law No. 27/2003)
•Regulation on Electricity Supply and Utilization (Government Regulation No. 03/2005) Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia Main Focus: Biomass Energy
Reason:
- Produces 50 Million Tonnes Rice Husk
- The World's Second Largest Palm Oil Producer IEA, “Energy Policy Review of Indonesia,” 2008. Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia Shortcoming:
Biomass Energy
Air Pollution (CO2, PM, NOx, etc)
High Edible Oil Price
Hydro and Geothermal Energies
Lack of Financial Viability Guarantee
Unstable Political Circumstance
Problem of Distribution Electricity to Remote Areas RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY http://www.freeflagicons.com 1. Malaysia 3. Indonesia 2. Philippines 4. Vietnam Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 48%
- Coal - 18%
- Hydro Power - 28%
- Other - 6%
- 54.4 billion kWh (Year 2011) http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=my&v=81
K. D. H. Nguyen, “Vietnam Energy Overview,” 2010 Future Renewable Energies
- Biomass Energy
- Hydro Power
- Solar Power
- Wind Power Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam https://nidderdaleaonb.org.uk
http://biomass.sref.info/proceedings.htm Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam Effort: Revised Master Plan for Nation Power Development up to 2015

Main Focus: Hydro & Wind Power
Reason:
- 2400 Rivers of 10km Long,
- Average Wind Speed of 7 to 9 m/s at the Height of 65m,
- Cost of 8 US cents/kWh
- Won't Disrupt the Development of the Agricultural Sector Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam Difficulty:
Lack of Support from Community
Lack of Expertise, Technical Support in This Field

Solution:
Implementation of the Vietnam Competitive Generation Market
Attract Foreign Investors
increasing Tax Imposed on Profit Gained by Power Plants through Oil, Gas and Coal Combustion Content 1 Introduction
2 Energy Policies for Selected Countries
2.1 Background
2.2 Type of Renewable Energies
2.3 Current Progress
2.4 Problems and Solutions
3 Conclusion http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm Policies are Designed/Revised According to
Resources Available
Countries’ Needs and Visions
Other Considerations:
- Efficiency of Energy Generated
- Environmental Impacts http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm THANK YOU! http://www.mdplus.uk.com/sustainability/info_13.html http://www.ciob.org.uk/regions/sustainability-strategy-group-london
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