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Review of Renewable Energy Policy

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ss lee

on 27 May 2017

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Transcript of Review of Renewable Energy Policy

Future Renewable Energies
- Biomass Energy
- Hydro Power
- Solar Power
- Wind Power
Review of Renewable Energy Policy for Selected Developing Countries
(in Southeast Asia)
Content
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Southeast_Asia_(orthographic_projection).svg
1 Introduction
2 Energy Policies for Selected Countries
2.1 Background
2.2 Type of Renewable Energies
2.3 Current Progress
2.4 Problems and Solutions
3 Conclusion
http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm
Introduction
http://www.sundyne.com/Products/Compressors/Applications/Petroleum+Production+and+Refining
http://www.crowley.com/success-stories/American-Petroleum-Tankers
Current situation
1. Energy drives modern life. i.e.


2. Main energy sources

Transportation sector
Electricity generation

Petroleum
Gas
Coal
http://topnews.net.nz/content/214233-high-oil-prices-will-affect-global-economy
Introduction (Cont')
Current situation
3. High fuel oil price problem



4. Air quality deteriorated


Depletion of fossil fuel
Last for 45 years only!
High demand, low supply
Year 1999
USD 15/Barrel
Year 2001
USD 22/Barrel
Year 2003
USD 31/Barrel
Year 2005
USD 45/Barrel
Year 2008
USD 130/Barrel
Is this situation
SUSTAIN
ABLE?

Content
1 Introduction
2 Energy Policies for Selected Countries
2.1 Background
2.2 Type of Renewable Energies
2.3 Current Progress
2.4 Problems and Solutions
3 Conclusion
http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm
RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY
http://www.freeflagicons.com
1. Malaysia
3. Indonesia
2. Philippines
Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia
Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 84%
- Hydro Power - 16%
- 93.8 billion kWh (Year 2011)
http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=my&v=81
Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia
Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia
Effort:
Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS) of MYR 5 billion

Main Focus:
Biomass Energy
Reason:
Possesses Palm Oil Plantations

& Main Exporter of Palm Oil
https://nidderdaleaonb.org.uk
http://biomass.sref.info/proceedings.htm
Renewable Energy Policy of Malaysia
Shortcoming:
about Biomass Energy
Air Pollution (CO2, PM, NOx, etc)
High Edible Oil Price

Solution:
Diversified Approach
4. Vietnam
RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY
http://www.freeflagicons.com
1. Malaysia
3. Indonesia
2. Philippines
4. Vietnam
Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines
Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 39%
- Hydro Power - 11%
- Geothermal - 15%
- Coal - 35%
- 67.743 billion kWh (Year 2010)
http://www.doe.gov.ph/ep/Powerstat.htm
Future Renewable Energies
- Geothermal Power
- Biomass Energy
Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines
http://www.yourgreendream.com/articles_geothermal.php
http://biomass.sref.info/proceedings.htm
http://jtkiwi.wordpress.com/
http://www.destination360.com/central-america/costa-rica/arenal-volcano
Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines
Main Focus:
Geothermal Energy
Reason:
located on the western part of the Pacific Rim, which has plenty volcanoes
Renewable Energy Policy of the Philippines
Difficulty:
lack of support
the Philippines’s Department of Energy
Private investors

Solution:
Provide Tax Incentive
http://beginnersinvest.about.com/od/savingsanddebtmanagement/tp/saving-money.htm
RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY
http://www.freeflagicons.com
1. Malaysia
3. Indonesia
2. Philippines
4. Vietnam
Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia
Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 77%
- Coal - 20%
- Renewable (Hydro, Geo, Wind) - 3%
- 119.3 billion kWh (Year 2011)
http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=my&v=81
http://www.eoearth.org/article/Energy_profile_of_Indonesia
Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia
Future Renewable Energies
- Solar Energy
- Wind Energy
- Ocean Wave Energy
- Geothermal Energy
- Biomass Energy
http://www.theenergylibrary.com/taxonomy/term/2341
Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia
Effort:
Revised the Existing Policies

• Green Energy Policy (Ministerial Decree No.2/2004)
• Small Power Generation using Renewable Energy (Ministerial Decree No. 1122 K/30/MEM/2002)
• Geothermal Law (Law No. 27/2003)
•Regulation on Electricity Supply and Utilization (Government Regulation No. 03/2005)
Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia
Main Focus:
Biomass Energy
Reason:
- Produces 50 Million Tonnes Rice Husk
- The World's Second Largest Palm Oil Producer
IEA, “Energy Policy Review of Indonesia,” 2008.
Renewable Energy Policy of Indonesia
Shortcoming:
Biomass Energy
Air Pollution (CO2, PM, NOx, etc)
High Edible Oil Price
Hydro and Geothermal Energies
Lack of Financial Viability Guarantee
Unstable Political Circumstance
Problem of Distribution Electricity to Remote Areas
RENEWABLE
ENERGY
POLICY
http://www.freeflagicons.com
1. Malaysia
3. Indonesia
2. Philippines
4. Vietnam
Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam
Current Power Generation
- Oil and Gas - 48%
- Coal - 18%
- Hydro Power - 28%
- Other - 6%
- 54.4 billion kWh (Year 2011)
http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=my&v=81
K. D. H. Nguyen, “Vietnam Energy Overview,” 2010
Future Renewable Energies
- Biomass Energy
- Hydro Power
- Solar Power
- Wind Power
Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam
https://nidderdaleaonb.org.uk
http://biomass.sref.info/proceedings.htm
Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam
Effort:
Revised Master Plan for Nation Power Development up to 2015

Main Focus:
Hydro & Wind Power
Reason:
- 2400 Rivers of 10km Long,
- Average Wind Speed of 7 to 9 m/s at the Height of 65m,
- Cost of 8 US cents/kWh
- Won't Disrupt the Development of the Agricultural Sector
Renewable Energy Policy of Vietnam
Difficulty:

Lack of Support from Community
Lack of Expertise, Technical Support in This Field

Solution:
Implementation of the Vietnam Competitive Generation Market
Attract Foreign Investors
increasing Tax Imposed on Profit Gained by Power Plants through Oil, Gas and Coal Combustion
Content
1 Introduction
2 Energy Policies for Selected Countries
2.1 Background
2.2 Type of Renewable Energies
2.3 Current Progress
2.4 Problems and Solutions
3 Conclusion
http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm
Policies are Designed/Revised According to
Resources Available
Countries’ Needs and Visions
Other Considerations:
- Efficiency of Energy Generated
- Environmental Impacts
http://www.glblits.com/cms.htm
THANK YOU!
http://www.mdplus.uk.com/sustainability/info_13.html
http://www.ciob.org.uk/regions/sustainability-strategy-group-london
Full transcript