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CANADA'S NORTHERN REGION
Transcript of CANADA'S NORTHERN REGION
Keep in mind the Chapter Question:
"How does where you live influence how you live?"
WHO LIVES IN THE NORTHERN REGION?
While the Northern region has the largest area of land, it has the fewest people. Only about 100,000 people live in all three territories combined! It costs a lot to live here because everything is so far away from other places. There are very few roads in the Northern region so people usually fly to get from place to place.
WHO SPEAKS WHAT?
Almost 60 percent of the people who live here speak English as their first language. Many people who live here moved here because they work for the government. However, most of the founding peoples (such as the Inuit) have kept their cultures and continue to speak Inuktitut.
CLIMATE IN THE NORTHERN REGION
People in the Northern region live in a treeless tundra. There are very few plants in the northern part of the region, and a sub-arctic climate (with an average temperature of 57°) in the southern part of the region.
Dog sled races are very common in the Northern region, the races can cover 1,000 miles and can take up to two weeks!
Buildings in the Northern region
Because of the long, cold winters, the Inuit people live in winter igloos made from blocks of snow. The word "igloo" means house. Igloos can be made of other materials, too, such as sod (dirt), stone, or wood.
Today, most igloos come from kits. The Inuit live in scattered villages along the Arctic Ocean or Hudson Bay.
HOW DO PEOPLE MAKE MONEY?
Some people in the Northern region are still nomadic herders and hunters but most are settled into small villages. There are few jobs because there is little business in these small "towns."
Mining is a big industry in the Northern territory. In fact, many people who live in this region believe there are undiscovered precious minerals in the earth.
An example of an igloo
WHERE IS THE NORTHERN REGION?
The Northern region is this cream color. It reaches as far north as the Arctic Ocean and includes three territories: Yukon, Northwest, and Nunavut.