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Rig-Veda 10.90.1-14

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angela gabrielle

on 11 November 2013

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Transcript of Rig-Veda 10.90.1-14

Creation and the Caste System
Interpretations
There are many translations of the Rig Veda, the first coming to the Western world in the 1830s and since, more have been published. There are even different versions within the original version itself where one contains 16 verses and another, 24. The meaning of creation however, has not changed throughout: everything was sacrificed to make everything with the Man as the physical incarnation of both, to be divided into the four castes as well as the moon, sun, wind, sky, space and earth.
The following is another translation that is much different from the version within our anthology.
Guiding Question One
We skimmed over Christianity and Islam. How does Hinduism's depiction of creation differ from them? What elements stayed the same if any?
Background
The oldest scripture of the Hindu faith
Approximately 1200 BCE
Rig-Veda translated is Hymn Veda
Composed of 10 books and 1,028 hymns
Each hymn is dedicated to a god/goddess
invocation, request, praise, request
The words in the Rig-Veda are used in the Sama-Veda
One's caste determines how scripture is used
Literal Meaning
The Man is the ruler of eternal life
3/4 of the Man rise, 1/4 remains
Creatures are only 1/4 of him
3/4 is immortal in heaven
The sacrifices created...
beasts and animals
verses, chants, meters, formulas (A.K.A. four Vedas)
Rig-Veda 10.90.1-14
4a IB World Religions SL
Mira League & Angela Lacerna

Caste system is changing in cities
Continues for majority
Context
Brahmins
Kshatriyas
Vaishyas
Shudras
Priests
Warriors
People
Servants
Caste
Duties
Duties Common to All
Brahmins
Kshatriyas
Vaishyas
Shudras
teaches Veda
practice weaponry
tend cattle
serve twice-born
patience
truthfulness
restraint
purity
liberality
self-control
not to kill
obedience
pilgrimage
sympathy
straightforwardness
freedom from anger
Priests
Warriors
People
Servants
middle relm of space arose
the earth came
moon was born
sun was born
Indra and Agni
(Vdeic gods)
breath= wind born
sky
Guiding Question Two
How are the views of the Hindu god(s) different from those of Christianities God? Of Islams? How do the general views relate tor respective heavens and how is it thought of in everyday life?
Guiding Question Three
In this text, there are many Gods spoken of - those that sacrificed and divided the Man - but Hinduism now speaks of only one God with many incarnations. Why would this have changed? How does incorporating reincarnation validate the Hindu religion?
1. A THOUSAND heads hath
Puruṣa
, a thousand eyes, a thousand feet.
On every side pervading earth he fills a space ten fingers wide.
2 This
Puruṣa
is all that yet hath been and all that is to be;
The Lord of Immortality which waxes greater still by food.
3 So mighty is his greatness; yea, greater than this is
Puruṣa
.
All creatures are one-fourth of him, three-fourths eternal life in heaven.
4 With three-fourths
Puruṣa
went up: one-fourth of him again was here.
Thence he strode out to every side over what eats not and what eats.
5 From him Virāj was born; again
Puruṣa
from Virāj was born.
As soon as he was born he spread eastward and westward o’er the earth.
6 When Gods prepared the sacrifice with
Puruṣa
as their offering,
Its oil was spring, the holy gift was autumn; summer was the wood.
7 They balmed as victim on the grass
Puruṣa
born in earliest time.
With him the Deities and all Sādhyas and Ṛṣis sacrificed.
8 From that great general sacrifice the dripping fat was gathered up.
He formed the creatures of-the air, and animals both wild and tame.
9 From that great general sacrifice Ṛcas and Sāma-hymns were born:
Therefrom were spells and charms produced; the Yajus had its birth from it.
10 From it were horses born, from it all cattle with two rows of teeth:
From it were generated kine, from it the goats and sheep were born.
11 When they divided
Puruṣa
how many portions did they make?
What do they call his mouth, his arms? What do they call his thighs and feet?
12 The Brahman was his mouth, of both his arms was the Rājanya made.
His thighs became the Vaiśya, from his feet the Śūdra was produced.
13 The Moon was gendered from his mind, and from his eye the Sun had birth;
Indra and Agni from his mouth were born, and Vāyu from his breath.
14 Forth from his navel came mid-air the sky was fashioned from his head
Earth from his feet, and from his car the regions. Thus they formed the worlds.
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv10090.htm
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/ralph/workbook/ralprs5b.htm
http://www.stephen-knapp.com/purusha_sukta.htm

Bibliography
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