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Transcript of 323-Environmental Justice
Shannon Gibson PhD
University of Southern California
Denied environmental benefits
Denied access to decision-making
The EJ Movement
Variation in EJ Demands
Reform Demands - distributive & representative changes
Radical Demands - radical societal changes
criticizes states & NGOs for using "conservation" as a method of control using the case of the Maasai in Kenya
What are the critiques from a radical / critical / EJ perspective?
"Statement by the Coordinating Body for the Indigenous People's Organizations of the Amazon Basin (COICA)
What is the basis of their claims?
Requests of funders?
Requests to NGOs/Environmentalists?
Indigenous EJ Claims
"Report from the Office of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights on Climate Change & Human Rights"
a strategic attempt to take the success of HR discourse and apply to environment
Principle 1 of Stockholm Declaration
Other UN HR Treaties
EJ as Human Rights Issue
Discussion: Modern Debates?
Sources of Injustice
How to define?
Article 33 - Declaration on the Rights of IPs
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine their own identity or membership in accordance with their customs and traditions. This does not impair the right of indigenous individuals to obtain citizenship of the States where they live.
2. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine the structures and to select the membership of their institutions in accordance with their own procedures.
cultural ties to nature
Vulnerable to the "solutions" to climate change"
misappropriation of traditional knowledge
commodification of culture