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The Patronage System
Transcript of The Patronage System
What is the Patronage System?
Patronage in music refers to the privatized financial support offered to musicians. This support was controlled by the church and a select few wealthy patrons. As the patron paid the composer for each work and usually decided what kind of piece the composer should write, this limited their creative freedom
The beginning of the Patronage System started in the era of Baroque. Not every composer worked under the Patronage System, and not every partnership worked out well. The Patronage system then continued towards the period of the Classical era but slowly died towards the end of the era in the 1820's.
What the System does
The social events of court created a steady demand of new works from composers, who had to supply whatever their patrons wanted. The patronage system gave musicians economic security and provided a social framework within which they could function.
Women too found a place as musicians under the patronage system. In Italy and France, professional female singers achieved prominence in opera and in court ballets. Others found a place within aristocratic circles as court instrumentalists and music teacher, offering private lessons to members of the nobility. As we will see, a number of women pianists and violinists also made their mark as solo performers. And as more amateurs participated in music-making, women of the middle as well as upper classes found an outlet for their talents.
Clip Example of the Patronage System
In this clip from the movie
, we see the Patronage System being displayed. Antonio Salieri, the writer for Joseph II is asked to write a march for Mozart. Joesph II plays the march for Mozart and when Joesph II gives the piece to Mozart, Mozart claims he memorized it.
-born in Rohrau, Austria
-Haydn was a solid servant under the patronage system working for 30 years in the court of Esterhazy.
-He thrived under these conditions and was forced to be creative under the pressure of producing symphonies and string quartets for his patron.
The Patronage System offered important advantages to the great masters who successfully adjusted to its requirements, as the career of Haydn clearly shows. On the other hand, Mozart’s tragic end illustrates how heavy the penalty could be for those unable to make that adjustment.
-born in Salzburg, Austria
-Mozart worked for the Bishop of Salzburg but fell out of favour and moved to Vienna. As a child prodigy Mozart performed for the royal families all over Europe. But in Vienna after his move he failed to find a reliable patron and worked as one the first independent composers ever, writing music which was not specifically for particular patron.
Mozart vs. Haydn