Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Islam: Early History

This presentation follows Islam from its origins in the Arabian desert to its early interactions with European governments and the Byzantines.
by

Raymond Beamon

on 23 September 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Islam: Early History

Islam: Introduction
The Arabian peninsula lies between North Africa and the Middle East.
People who lived in the Arabian peninsula included Arabs and Bedouins (nomadic herders)
Islam means "give oneself to god" or "to submit to god"
Islam - noun - a religion
Muslim - noun - a person who follows Islam
Islamic - adjective - describes something
Allah
It was founded by Muhammad, who was known as the Prophet of Allah (Arabic word for god)
Followers of Islam are called Muslims, and it's the world's second largest religion after Christianity.
Arab pilgrims (religious travelers)
made the city of Mecca rich.
They came to visit the Kaaba (Islam's holiest shrine)
Muhammad concluded that there was only one god, Allah, {who was the same person as the god of the Hebrews (YHWH) and the god of the Christians (God).}

Muslims believe that Abraham, Moses, & Jesus were prophets, but Muhammad is the final & best prophet

Jihad means “struggle to defend the faith”
Might mean meditation, might mean holy war
The Quran is the Muslim scriptures (holy book) is considered by Muslims to be the direct word of Allah.

The Five Pillars:
1. Shahada (Creed) - "There is no god but Allah, and Muhummad is his prophet."
2. Salah (Prayer) - Five times daily, facing Mecca (sunrise, noon, late afternoon, sunset, and evening.
3. Zakat (Charity) - 2.5% of annual savings
4. Sawn (Fast) - during the daylight hours of the holy month of Ramadan
5.
Hajji (Pilgrimage) - go to Mecca (Hajj) once in a lifetime, walk around the Kaaba.
Muhammad
Muhammad died in 632
Islam Expands
Sunni thought a leader, or Caliph, should be chosen from the community
Shuni-Shi'a Split
Shi'ites thought it should be one of the Muhammad’s descendants
Mosques are Islamic places to worship
Full transcript