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THE AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD (1600-1776)
Transcript of THE AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD (1600-1776)
STUDENTS AND PARENTS
At first most education took place at home, parents who taught their children arithmetic and basic reading skills.
Cultural groups developed their own schools because backgrounds were so diverse, there was no one common school system.
Teachers were right under religious leaders. They were expected to behave morally and do charitable acts and could not drink, smoke, date or marry. Both relegious leaders and were more educated than the general population.
European migration started, there were different motives for for migration (economic opportunity, religious freedom, better society.) Educational opportunities were as varied as the motives for immigrating.
1607: Jamestown is founded in Virginia
1620: The first public library in the colonies organized in Virginia with books donated from English landowners
1635: Boston latin school is established as the first public school in America
1693: The college at William and Mary is founded in Williamsburg, Virginia
Dailiy life and work provided many additional opportunities for the paractical learning needed for adulthood.
Schools later started being established but mainly in well populated areas.
Parents believed that their children should learn about Christianity. In southern colonies boys were taught at home either by a parent or private tutor.
Options for education differed by location since there was no overall educational system.
Few students could attend school, most worked with their family farms or businesses. Some girls became apparentices.
In 1642 Massachusets made a low requring each town to establish a school.
Education was a way to ensure their beliefs.
The Quakers established the first school that welcomed everyone regardless of religion or race. In southern colonies education was mainly for sons owalthy platntion owners. THe primary education of upper class children in colonial days included reading, writing, simple math, poems and prayer.
Middle class and poor children, especially girls had fewer opportunities for formal education.
Dame schools are students tatught by women intheir own home, parents paid a fee for children to attend, it was open for boys and girls.
Basic learning was reading, writing, simple math, and religion. In the middle and New England colonies some would teach the practice of shoemaking. In the south they taught navigation and plantation management skills.
Souns of wealthy would learn Latin, Greekand more advanced math.
Girls would learn to sew and other home management skills. Wealthy girls learned literature and poetry.
Paper and textbooks were scarce so boys and girls recited their lessons until they memorized them.
Most commonly used books were the bible, and hornbooks until the 1800s when books became less espensive.