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Creative Writing

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Theresia Lehnard

on 9 December 2010

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Transcript of Creative Writing

Creative Writing Definition: Creative writing is writing that expresses the writer's thoughts and feelings in an imaginative, often unique, and poetic way. Creative writing is guided more by the writer's need to express feelings and ideas than by restrictive demands of factual and logical progression of expository writing.
Creative Writing uses a range of different language techniques such as: Figurative Language Figurative Speech uses language in original, imaginative ways to create exciting concrete images. Two frequently used figures of speech are similes and metaphors. A Simile explicitly compares one thing to another, using the word like or as; as in:

Sharp as flint...solitary as an oyster.
(From A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens) A Metaphor is a figure of speech that implies a comparison by speaking of one thing as if it were another, without using the word like or as:

Where I first bow'd my knee
Unto this king of smiles, this Bolingbroke...
Why, what a candy deal of courtesy
This fawning greyhound then did proffer me!
(From King Henry IV, by William Shakespeare) Strong Action Verbs Makes use of both active and passive words. these verbs are dynamic and vivid, evoking drama and suspense.

Active Verb: Joe caught the lion. these verbs are insipid, lessening the drama of the situation at hand.

Passive Verb: The lion was caught by Joe. Fiction - these are works that are based on writer’s imagination. These are not based on facts.

Drama - this pertains to stories written for actors such as stage plays.

Autobiography - this is the real life story of the writer.

Poetry - makes use of words for aesthetic (a branch of philosophy dealing with nature of beauty, art and taste, and with the creation and appreciation of beauty) purposes.Poetry is one of the oldest forms of creative writing. Traditional poetry often follows a certain rhythm and rhyming pattern, whereas more modern poetry tends to flow free without a definable structure. There is no average word count for poetry--both a haiku (which contains 17 syllables) and an epic narrative like Homer's "Odyssey" are considered poetry.

Screenwriting - writing for films or movies.

Both plays and screenplays are written for actors to perform. In addition to dialogue, plays and screenplays feature scene and character descriptions, as well as stage or camera directions.

Novel - a novel is usually defined as a long narrative containing a distinct beginning, middle and end. Novels tend to focus on a group of characters--both protagonists and antagonists--while featuring multiple storylines. The average length of a novel is about 60,000 to 120,000 words.

Short stories - like novels, short stories are generally written in a narrative format. They differ from novels, however, by focusing on a single storyline and featuring fewer characters. Most short stories fall between 1,000 to 7,500 words. ... such as: There are different types of Creative Writing... Historical Perspective Historically speaking, creative writing is the name that might be given to any effort to shape the literary judgment by combining the content of literature and the act of it.
Originally creative writing had more in common with literary criticism and English composition than it has today. All three were allies in the campaign against literary scholarship. Creative writing in fact evolved out of the genre of English composition that was taught at Harvard starting in the 1880s, and it reached its maturity at Iowa in the 1930s when it was installed in the curriculum of a graduate school of criticism. At both universities, the goal was to restore literature as a complete process; the idea was to reattach an understanding of literature to the use of it. "If all went well here below," said Barrett Wendell, doyen of Harvard composition, "the ideal end of the study of literature would be . . . the making of it." If we ever hope to understand literature fully, agreed Norman Foerster, founder of creative writing at Iowa, "we are to study it from the inside, we are to see it, so far as possible, with the eyes of the creative artist." Other examples of figurative speech include
onomatopoeia, alliteration and personification Onomatopoeia is when the word makes the sound it is describing. It adds to the auditory (sound) qualities of the poem. e.g. Bang, smash Alliteration is the repetition of vowel sound where the ends of the words are different. It is sometimes called half-rhyme. Alliteration links words together and often creates rhythm. Personification is a special kind of metaphor in which a non-human thing is given human qualities. Sadly, time has erased or destroyed the vast majority of the first creative works. Despite archaeologists, other scientists and archivists occasionally discovering or unearthing writings from previous civilisations, those writings are not always imaginative stories; rather, they are just as likely to be timelines, religious or societal laws and edicts, or some other form of “practical” writing.
From cave paintings to oft-repeated tales, the visual and verbal kernels of what would one day be considered as creative writing fused together families and assisted in shaping moral, ethical and cultural codes of conduct and expectations. They additionally provided entertainment and excitement in the era prior to television, formal theatre, or radio; truly, an exceptionally gifted storyteller could serve as entertainer, historian or even moral authority. Story Telling When the written word came into existance, storytelling altered, however, it thankfully wasn't lost. Instead, it was supplemented by creative writings which could preserve the best stories and fables for future generations. Eventually, authors began to create new tales and record them for the ages as opposed to simply recording those which were “standards” of the era. The creative writings that we have found from millennia ago are entralling, as they provide us with insight into the worlds and times in which they were created. Plays such as “Oedipus” and epic poems like “The Iliad” tell of a highly different experience from the one which we now have come to comprehend. Ironically, we are still capable of appreciating even the most ancient of creative pieces. Literary Trends Another interesting aspect of examining creative writings from previous societies is in tracking literary trends throughout the ages. At numerous periods, different lengths and types of works have enjoyed popularity. Plays, poems and essays experienced moments of strong regard, however, it’s difficult to say if their heydays were a catalyst for or a result of the works of exceptional authors. An article concerning creative writing’s history would be remiss if it were not to mention the printing press, an invention that revolutionised society’s ability to mass produce creative writing works. Following this amazing invention hit the scene, people in multifarious countries finally had a purpose and the opportunity to learn to read. Literacy rates started escalating and avid enthusiasts sought out books, pamphlets and magazines to read and share. Riding this wave of interest, authors started popping up, self-publishing their works or writing for other publications or private individuals. Being an author took on a particular role in society; a critical occupation that still thrives today, was inevitably born. In modern times, creative writing has ventured into cyberspace, a virtual landscape where practically “anything goes” and writers living in the most remote of locations globally are capable of attracting new audiences and readers via their blogs or websites. The Iliad Word Music
Rhyme is the repetition of the end of words.
Eg. Brown - Crown Happy - Chappy

Word or concept is repeated.

The beat.
Eg. (refer to assonance)

Assonance is the repetition of vowel sound where the ends of the wordsare different. It is sometimes called half-rhyme. Links words together and and often creates rhythm.
Eg. So twice the five miles of fertive ground. Assonance "Let your writing b r e a t h e on the page. Listen to the sound of words, the rhythm of words,the music of words,the melody of words……"

Writing deeper, writing fuller, crossing borders into untouched territory.
“If my mind can conceive it, and my heart can believe it, I know I can achieve it.”
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