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Informational Texts

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by

Emily Morris

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Informational Texts

Informational Texts
Text Structures
1. Chronological/Sequential Order:
Text Features
Try to remember and be able to list all of the items pictured. Remember the most for a treat :)
Aoccdrnig to rseearch at Cmabrige Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Amzanig ins’t it?
Informational Text?
Why Learn This?
The majority of the reading that you do as an adult is non-fiction.
Approximately 96% of websites on the Internet contain non-fiction, informational texts.
Academic achievement in a range of school subjects as well as academic fields (aka: your job) relies heavily on informational reading and writing.
We are deep within the "informational age" in which information is literally at our fingertips. You need to know how to use, evaluate and understand the information you are reading.
Important Things to Remember on Text Structure!
1. Each structure is organized in a special way. You can use the thinking maps (we will be creating these next) as a guide on how a particular structure's organization looks.

2. Before you read, preview the text to see if you can pick up on what structure the piece may follow.

3. During reading,
look for the evidence
. If you find conflicting evidence,
then refer back to your chart
. You may have the wrong structure in mind.

4. As you read, look for
signal words
that are often used in conjunction with the structure.
Note: If you have a bad grade in science because you aren't comprehending the readings, it could be related to difficulties with informational texts. If you learn how to best read these texts, your science grade may improve.
An informational text is
non-fiction
.
It is different from literary texts (short stories, poems, plays) because of its
organization
and the
way the information is presented
.
Involves engagement of the reader (you) with aspects of the real world.
Informational texts include: textbooks, online articles, brochures, newspapers and magazine articles, essays, and speeches.
2. Description:
a main idea is organized in a way that makes sense. This includes steps in a process, sequence of events, or a brief history.
The author will use lots of details so you can visualize, or picture what the author is describing.
3. Comparison/ Contrast:
The supporting details if two or more ideas indicate how those concepts are similar or different.
4. Cause and Effect/ Problem and Solution/ Question and Answer:
The supporting details give the cause of a main idea or the supporting details are the results produced by the main idea.
My family and I went to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The first thing we did when we get there was to take a tour of a space shuttle that once flew into space. During our tour, an astronaut showed us her spacesuit. I even got to try on thpace boots. Next, we tasted the food astronauts eat ehile they are in space. It was really different from other foods that I had eaten but it tasted pretty good. Finally, we got in a special booth that showed us what it is like to be weightless! It was an amazing day.
Signal Words:
first, second,
next,
then,
finally,
ultimately,
most important,
before, after
soon, as soon as,
when, whenever,
subsequently,
presently,
here, there
from,
to, until
In the early 1800s the united states needed room to grow. The problem was most people lived in the East. The cities were crowded. New land was expensive. Young families couldn't even afford to buy farms.
Then, as a solution, the United States government purchased land from France. The governments also acquired land from Mexico. Soon the country stretched all the way to the Pacific Ocean. People looked to the setting sun with outstretched arms and said, “Go west!”
Settlers rode in wagons or on horses. They followed long, dusty trails across hot plains for thousands of miles. There was no shelter. People slept in tents on the ground. They had to watch out for wild animals like wolves and snakes. The trip west could take months.
Then a railroad was built that stretched from the East Coast almost to the West Coast. The railroad made travel faster. More people poured into the new lands. The settlers quickly built small towns where the farming, fishing, and mining were good.
Signal Words:
for example,
in addition,
such as,
most important,
for instance,
in particular,
in fact
What is the purpose of Informational Text?
The purpose of an informational text is to convey
content
or
information
to the reader.
Readers use what they
already know
to understand a topic. This is also known as
activating prior knowledge.
There are 20 items.
You have two minutes.
Skimming Challenge:
On your paper, list the items that were pictured. Remember, there were twenty!
Reminder: If more than one person hears an answer from someone being a blabber-mouth, then that point will not count for anyone. So keep quiet!

What does this tell you about the way you read? What does it tell you about your brain?
NOW READ THIS!
Informational texts INFORM!
They present us with information, and inform us of things we want to know, or get to know more.
Other forms of non-fiction writing: to persuade, to entertain.
Now read the fact sheet on the Statue of Liberty.
Try and remember as much information in 1 minute as you can. When the time goes off, flip your fact sheet over and with a partner, try to write down all of the facts you remember.
You have only 15 seconds this time to understand everything the next article is saying. Remember the text features that we learned. Use them to read quickly and to remember what the article is about. You will be asked to write a summary on what the article is about. READY?? Read this article about HOTDOGS! Read and skim quickly because time has already started!!!!
Text Structures
How text is organized.

-ALL
stories
are chronological.

--Nonfiction has lots of text structures.
Each paragraph may be different.

---We’ll learn 5 types.

Chronological Order
In order of time

Chrono = time
Stories are told chronologically

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