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Hypnotherapy & PTSD

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Morgan Bennett

on 7 November 2017

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Transcript of Hypnotherapy & PTSD

By: Morgan Bennett
Hypnotherapy & PTSD
What is Hypnotherapy & does it work?
"Hypnotherapy is a good thing."
Assumptions
"Hypnotherapy is a bad thing."
"Hypnotherapy is a bad thing."

http://side-effects.owndoc.com/hypnosis-side-effects.php
Components of Argument PT. 2
R1: Hypnosis is a respected and non-controversial treatment for a variety of problems.
SR1: For example, additions, compulsive behavior or fobias.
R2: It is exactly because Hypnosis is such a powerful method of treatment, that it can very rarely have unexpected and even dangerous side effects.
SR1: Side effects include tiredness, crisis of identity, insomnia, irritability, fears, panic attacks, deficit of attention, distorted sense of self, confusion, sexually abberant behaviors, unexpected trance-like state, delusional thinking, depression, dizziness, syncope, fearfulness, feelings of guilt, histrionic reactions, impaired memory, nausea, obsessions, changes in personality.
R3: Generally, the negative side effects of hypnosis can be divided into categories.
SR1: Problems resulting from unintended suggestions, obscuring actual physical health problems, suicidal depression, panic attacks or psychotic episodes, and symptom substitution.
R4: Side effects and complications of Hypnosis can be defined as unexpected feelings, thoughts of behavior after or during the hypnotic treatment that are in conflict with the intended goals of the hypnotic treatment.
R5: Side effects are mild and transient.
R6: Patient reaction under hypnosis can be stronger than anticipated, and the patient vividly relieves a prior experience.
SR1: The Barney and Betty Hill abduction.
R7: One famous side effect of hypnosis was the hypnotic suggestion to an anorexia patient to "always eat everything on your plate."
SR1: The patient fell ill and vomited on her plate and proceeded to eat the vomit.
R8: Another case of unintended hypnotic side effects was that of a person afraid of the dentist, who had been told that as soon as he would "go to the dentist" he would feel "wonderfully sedated."
SR1: The sedation started quite literally when the patient entered his car and drove to the dentist- endangering his life in the heavy traffic.
C: Hypnotists need to pay attention to the fact that their hypnotic suggestions are being taken literally by their patients.
Ambiguous Arguments
In the first paragraph of my defense article they use the words "alternative therapies" and do not go into further detail until they start discussing hypnotherapy (Jones). What other therapies are there? This is ambiguous because there is no further detail if there is another treatment option. Further down they say that "studies have shown that people with PTSD are highly hypnotizable" (Jones). This is ambiguous because they do not tell us what studies have found this information to be true and if it even is true. Also, the word "self-hypnosis" is very ambiguous because of the fact that they do not explain what it is or how it helps PTSD victims (Jones). Finally, they do not explain what CBT is. I know when I first saw the acronym I was very confused and didn't know what it had to do with hypnotherapy. They need to go further into detail so we can understand it.
"Hypnotherapy is a good thing"
http://www.naturalnews.com/026725_hypnosis_disorder_stress.html#
Components of argument Pt. 1
R1: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a serious disorder that can have a negative impact on a person's quality of life.
R2: Alternative therapies are available to treat PTSD.
SR1: Research in hypnotherapy is providing that it can help people who experience PTSD and other anxiety disorders.
R3: Treating PTSD is important to help people lead productive lives.
R4: PTSD is an anxiety disorder that can develop after someone has experienced a traumatizing event.
SR1: Symptoms include: flashbacks, scary thoughts, and bad dreams.
SR2: Avoidance symptoms include losing interest in everyday activities, feeling depressed, and avoiding places or things that bring back the painful experience.
SR3: People report feeling guilty, difficulty sleeping, anger, and trouble concentrating.
R5: Hypnosis is found to be beneficial in treating PTSD.
SR1: The symptoms of PTSD are similar to the phenomena experienced under hypnosis.
SR2: Hypnosis has been shown to reduce symptoms of PTSD.
R6: Hypnosis allows people to access memories of the event under controlled circumstances.
SR1: The memories can then be restructured to prevent future symptoms of PTSD.
R7: Self-hypnosis is taught so people can reduce the effects of symptoms when they start to occur.
R8: A 2005 study tested the effect of hypnosis and cognitive behavioral therapy on participants with PTSD.
SR1: 67 people with PTSD completed the study.
SR2: Participants were divided into 3 groups.
SR3: They received 6 sessions of CBT with hypnosis, CBT only, or supportive counseling.
R9: This study shows hypnosis has a profound effect on people suffering from PTSD.
SR1: Results of the study showed that people in the CBT with hypnosis and CBT-only groups showed less symptoms of PTSD immediately following treatment.
SR2: They reporter fewer re-experiencing episodes than the CBT-only group.
C: Relieving PTSD symptoms using hypnosis can greatly improve a person's well-being.
"Hypnotherapy is a good thing"
Evidence
Hypnotherapy and PTSD
Hypnotherapy is something very few people know a lot about. How does it work and does it actually work? Hypnotherapy has been proven to be the top candidate in curing PTSD and it's symptoms. Although, with this fact in mind, other's believe it is 'intruding the mind'. This is technically true, but it is done professionally. I believe Hypnotherapy is the best treatment out there for PTSD victims and research has proven it.
1.) The first evidence is Research Studies because they tell us of a study they did with PTSD patients and give us how many people were in it, how they executed it and the results of it. But they do not tell us who published or financed the study or if the study has been replicated. The study makes their article seem a lot more evident than it may be.
2.) The next piece of evidence is expert opinion because they cite three professionals. Although, what we do not know is if those people are qualified or even are professionals. We also need proof if other experts agree with them or not because that would change the outlook on the whole article.
3.) Finally, I would say statistics is the next piece of evidence because, even though they do not give actual percentages, they do give us numbers in their research study. This makes the article seem more credible but we need to ask ourselves, "are the numbers accurate?" and "has anything been left out?"
"Hypnotherapy is a bad thing."
Evidence
1.) The first piece of evidence is expert opinion. We do not know if the person who wrote this article is qualified or is just making assumptions. We also do not know if someone is paying him to write this. This makes his evidence seem a little shaky.
2.) Next, he gives some personal observation when he tells "real life" situations at the conclusion of his article. His evidence may seem useful but it is doesn't really prove anything. How often does that happen to people that use hypnotherapy? Not that often, so we would not take that as good evidence. Also, someone could have just told him that just to make his story fit together. They could be biased about the whole situation for a totally different reason.
3.) Finally I would say there is one Fact versus Opinion evidence. The sentence that states, "Hypnotists need to pay attention to the fact that their hypnotic suggestions are being taken literally by their patients," is opinionated because patients may argue that they don't take what they said literally (Hypnosis Side Effects).
R: Hypnosis is found to be beneficial in treating PTSD.
C: Hypnosis can treat PTSD.
A: People who suffer from PTSD need to seek treatment using Hypnosis.
A2: Hypnotherapy is the best treatment for PTSD.
R: Patient reaction under hypnosis can be stronger than anticipated, and the patient vividly relives a prior experience.
C: Different people will react differently to hypnosis.
A: Hypnotists are unsure how each patient will react.
A1: Hypnotists can use different forms of hypnosis.
Errors
"Hypnotherapy is a good thing."
The first type of error is Oversimplification. Jones states that "hypnosis is found to be beneficial in treating PTSD for two reasons" (Jones). There are more than two reasons though, which makes this black and white thinking. He only gives us two reasons because he's trying to make it simple for us, hence the word "oversimple" but we need to know more.
The next type of error is Evidence based. In the fourth and fifth paragraphs Jones explains a study they did and the results of it, but he seems to keep going in a circle with the results. He also doesn't tell the negative results of the study because he is trying to support his conclusion. This is why this type of evidence is termed circular reasoning.
"Hypnotherapy is a bad thing"
The first error is Emotion-based. In the last two paragraphs, where they talk about incidents that happened to people is where we can see "direct appeal to emotion" because they try to grab our attention to show us that, "yes, this really does happen to people" ("Hypnosis Side Effects"). But the writer isn't being logical, therefore we can't assume that what they are saying is true, because what are the odds of that happening to someone.
The next error is based on Insufficient Evidence. In the first and, again, the last two paragraphs, the writer is jumping to conclusions. For example, they say, "Hypnosis is such a powerful method of treatment, that it can very rarely have unexpected and even dangerous side effects" ("Hypnosis Side Effects"). They do not explain why it is dangerous. They just tell us the negative side effects.
Works Cited
"Alan Stevens."
Alan Stevens Face Profiler The Art of Reading People
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Frayer, William J.
Figuring Things Out: A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking.
5th ed. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Pub., 2005. Print.
Flickr
. Yahoo! Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
"Hypnosis Side Effects: The Dangers of Hypnosis (adverse Effects)." Hypnosis Side Effects: The Dangers of Hypnosis (adverse Effects). Web. 21 Apr. 2016.
"Hypnosis Quotes." .
QuotesGram.
N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2016
Jones, Steve G. "Hypnosis Has Many Benefits for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Sufferers."
Natural News
. 30 July 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.
"Review Archives - Stop Frying Your Brain.com"
Stop Frying Your Braincom.
Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
San Diego Hypnotherapist- Anxiety, Stress, Panic, and PTSD
. Dir. Anxiety Treatment & Care Doctor. Youtube. N.p., 9 Aug. 2014. Web 26 Apr. 2016.
"Sunset."
Wikipedia
. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
"Treatments."
PURE LIGHT
. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
"Welcome- Elsen Hypnotherapy."
Elsen Hypnotherapy
. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
"Waving Archives | Dobrador."
Dobrador.
Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
This video states that hypnotherapy is the best treatment for anxiety or stress, which are symptoms of PTSD.
(Treatments).
(Hypnosis Quotes).
(San Diego Hypnotherapist).
(Review Archives).
(Welcome-).
(Alan Stevens).
(Sunset).
(Flickr).
(Waving Archives).
Full transcript