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Office Safety

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hassan abdhalim

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Office Safety

ERGONOMICS The Safety & Well being of Office employees is part of the Project HSE success. ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS Extension cords are not for permanently installed office equipment. Routing of extension cords shall be kept away from any chemical processes or areas where the cord could be at risk from damage, or cause a hazard to personnel. Electrically powered equipment shall be switched off and disconnected from the electrical supply prior to cleaning or adjustment. FIRE PREVENTION & ESCAPE ROUTES JV offices are “No Smoking” offices . Smoking is allowed only in designated smoking areas outside the premises Within the designated smoking locations , cigarettes and used matches shall be disposed off only in designated ashtrays or sand containers. Some of the hazards we encounter in offices: FURNISHINGS AND FITTINGS Glass doors and full-length windows shall be fitted with reflective strips at close to eye height. Where the height of storage shelving requires the use of steps or self support ladders, they shall be provided. Shelves should be marked with the maximum permissible loading. Storage cupboards for stationery and other flammable materials shall be metallic and, when not in a dedicated storage room, fitted with doors. HOUSEKEEPING ENVIRONMENT FACTORS Good workstation set- up is based on individual needs. But, there are some general principles that can be taken into account… Electrical installments
Office machines
Fire and evacuation
Furniture/ layout
Office chemicals
Slips, trips, falls,
Ergonomic issues All office staff should be aware of escapes routes and assembly point
Escape routes should always be clear of obstructions & marked
Escape routes should have emergency lights and signs
Escape rout should be safest and shortest way to the assembly point
Each office should have double escape routes if possible Combustible material should be carefully placed
Have proper storage areas for such materials
Fire fighting equipment should be available and in good condition
Access to extinguishers should be easy and in no case be blocked. Fire Prevention In Case of a Fire 1. Raise the alarm immediately
2. Shout ”Fire, Fire, Fire
3. If safe to initiate fire: Evacuate the building to Muster Point
Conduct accountability of all personnel
Direct fire services
Fire Station P A S S Pull the pin Aim low at the base of flames Squeeze the handle Sweep side to side 4. If not safe to initiate fire: A clean office tells all about the people working in it
Good housekeeping will avoid hazards including: Fire, smoke, disease , and slip / trip hazards.
Good housekeeping will keep the moral of all the workers high
Good housekeeping is always productive
Do clear the trash every day
Do sort the useless files and material on monthly bases Check for adequate lightening and ventilation.

Office should have fresh air (oxygen) through ventilation.

Control the offices temperatures by providing (Heaters/Air conditions). Leg Room

Knee space should allow the user to change the position of his or her legs frequently to minimize fatigue.

The knee space should be at least 30 inches wide by 19 inches deep by 27 inches high to comply (Americans with Disabilities Act).

For shared workstations leg clearance should be greater than the height of the thigh and knee of the largest person using the station. Footrests

Footrests can be used in two different circumstances: when the user's feet do not rest flat on the floor after a workstation is properly adjusted; or when the seat compresses the back of the legs limiting circulation. In the latter case the footrest can be used to help lift the back of the thighs slightly off the seat to allow for more blood flow. Back Basics

• Try to maintain the natural "S" curve of your spine (use your seat back to support your Lower back).
• Sit fully back in your chair with your back firmly against the backrest.
• Shift your position from time to time to avoid fatigue. Mouse

• Position and use mouse as close to yourself as possible (next to the keyboard is ideal)
• Keep wrists straight and relaxed
• Use your whole arm when moving the mouse Keyboard

• You should be able to work comfortably with your elbows close to your sides
• Forearms should be extended out at approximately a ninety-degree angle to the upper Arms
• Using a wrist rest can be problematic - avoid putting pressure on the underside of the Wrist while typing
• Do not use armrests while typing as this increases the stress on tendons and ligaments
• Keyboard should remain flat or at a slightly raised angle (0-15 degrees) Hand/Wrist Basics

• Keep hands and wrists straight and relaxed
• Avoid bending your wrists or putting pressure on them
• Work in a "neutral" position (about halfway through the range of motion for the joint)
• Use as light a keystroke as possible
• When moving the mouse, use your whole arm not just the wrist or elbow Monitor

• Monitor distance should be 18-26 inches from user (approximately an arm's length)
• Monitor centered on user
• Neither monitor nor user should face a window
• Monitor should be placed at a right angle to windows or between rows of fluorescent lighting rather than directly under them
• User's eyes should be in line with the top of the monitor or a point 2-3 inches below the top of the screen Eye Basics

To avoid eyestrain associated with computer use:
• Blink frequently (about every 5 seconds).
• Refocus your eyes periodically (about every 20 minutes) on a distant object 20 or more feet away.
• Eyeglasses should be clean and have a comfortable focal distance for computer work. Head/Neck Basics

• Head centered over shoulders
• Shoulders relaxed
• Computer monitor centered on user's head
• Monitor at proper distance and height
• Do not bend your neck forward or to the side OFFICE SAFETY INDUCTION ADIA MIDFIELD TERMINAL BUILDING Work Surface Items easy to reach Your Health & Safety Require Stretching/ Exercise "Breaks"! Micro Breaks : Short breaks to relax, restore, re-nourish, gently stretch. Thank you for Attending Medical Emergency Response Call for help Emergency Contact Numbers Construction Manager Ibrahim Suleiman 0501061095
Site Engineer Rabie Maarouf 0555096171
Site HSE Manager Raju Pillai 0501061093
Al Rahba Hospital 025064444 Wait at outside location to direct emergency responders to classroom

Provide First Aid if you have been trained to do so SITE HAZARDS Improper Lifting Falling / Dropped Objects Falling from Heights Chemical Excavation Confined space Compressed Gas Road and Traffic Hazards Radiation Heavy Equipment Hazard Noise/ Pressure release Waste Management Extreme temperature (Heat Stress) When working at height (above 2m and outside protective handrails) 100% hook-up is required On a completed scaffold above 1.8m a harness is required to be worn The lanyard does not need to be connected if the person remains within the confines of the scaffold UNSAFE TOOLS CAN INJURE AND KILL Electrical All electrical equipment must be tested and tagged before use on site

Inspect all tools before use

Damaged cables and electrical tools can kill

Return broken or damaged tools for repair or replacement
Chemicals (Acids and alkalis)

Chemical Spills

Fire Excavation Collapse
Excavation Flood
Excavation as Confined Space (more than 1.2 m deep)
Materials Falling into Excavations
People and Vehicles Falling into Excavations
Destroying Nearby Structures
Destroying underground services Excavation Hazards Safety Measures An Excavation Permit is required before work begins
Place protective barriers, signs & flashing lights around all excavations
Maintain safe access and egress
Keep surface materials at least 1 meter from the edge of excavation sites
Maintain safe access and egress A Confined Space means: Limited Openings for Entry and Exit, Unfavorable Natural Ventilation or Not Designed for Continuous Worker Occupancy. Confined Space Hazards Are: Oxygen deficiency
Toxic Chemicals and inert gases
Entrapment or Capture
Flammable / Explosive atmospheres
Mechanical / energised equipment
Space configuration hazards REMEMBER A CONFINED SPACE ENTRY PERMIT IS NOT A PERMIT TO WORK On this Project there are several types of compressed gases used. Oxygen, Nitrogen, Argon, Acetylene. Propane and others.

Know the safe working and handling procedures for type of compressed gas you work

Many compressed gases can kill you and others

Refer to the MSDS for the gas to learn more Compressed Gas Cylinders Safety Awareness While Driving on Site Do Not Exceed The Site Speed Limits 25 KM/hr Do Not Overload Vehicle With Materials Or Passengers All Vehicle Occupants Must Wear Seatbelts All Vehicles To Be Road-Worthy Do Not Park In No-Parking Areas All Drivers Must Have Valid License And Defensive Driving Training Do Not Use Mobile Phone While Driving Stay calm
Stop vehicle & equipment in safe place/mode
Turn off the vehicle & equipment
Check wind direction
Proceed to Muster Point Cross wind
Don’t run
Stay together as a group
Don’t talk; listen
Follow instructions
Don’t leave Muster Point until told to If you are not part of the team doing the test KEEP AWAY Never stand in a danger spots

Be aware of the slewing action of the equipment Ensure all pressure is being removed before starting any maintenance

All pneumatic & hydraulic pressure to be released fist Noise Protection They are made of foam that compresses and fits in your ear.

Foam expands in your ear, giving an air tight seal to stop noise.

Earplugs are disposable so they are hygienic. Earmuffs should be placed over ears and the headband adjusted to fit firmly.

Earmuffs surround the ear and block any noise from entering.

Can only protect hearing if there is nothing interrupting seal. A concrete washing area with suitable drainage shall be identified for concrete trucks, to prevent build up of waste concrete from building up in site area’s.

Any spillage’s, such as oil or grease will be immediately cleaned up, by absorption in inert absorbent material or other suitable materials
Toxic, corrosive or other hazardous liquids shall be cleared up in accordance with manufacturers instructions or material safety data sheet (MSDS)

All material used to mop up spills shall be immediately removed to a safe place and stored in closed containers for safe disposal. Heat Exhaustion. You feel weak and tired, have some cramps. If not treated, it may advance to heat stroke.
Heat Stroke. A medical treatment is required. Drink plenty of water
Work in shadow places (if possible)
Take frequent breaks, in cool and shadow places
Slowly built-up tolerance to the heat (up to 2 weeks)
Wear light clothes
Avoid large meal but have break first
Avoid the intake of beverages and alcohol
Sleep well before working day.` Always Drink Plenty of Water Work Safely…..
It Is Better To Be Safe Than Sorry! IF you’re unsure: ASK

IF it’s unsafe: STOP

Use your best safety device:

Think Safety! What Causes Fog? 9 Rules for Driving in Fog 2. Reduce speed
3. Crackyour window and listen for traffic you cannot see.
4. DO NOT use hazard warning lights unless stationary.
5. Sound your horn to warn other drivers that you are there. 6. Use your windscreen wipers and washers often and keep your de‐mister switched ON.

7. If you have to park, use a car park or other off‐road locations 8. Stay well behind and allow yourself plenty of room to stop if necessary.

9. Where fog is anticipated, the journey must be postponeduntil the fog clears. Vehicle Safety POWERS Checklist Petrol/ Diesel: enough for trip?? Oils and Brake fluid OK?? Electricals: Do all lights, indicators wipers, horn work?? Rubber: Tires OK?? Pressure OK?? Wiper blades OK?? Radiator hoses OK?? Fan belt's OK? Safety Items: Spare tire, jack and tools, first aid kit, fire extinguisher, triangles in vehicle and working OK? Improper Manual Handling Pinch Points First recognize the hazard ,then develop a work
practice to keep hands out of “The Danger zone
!” or “In the Line Of Fire” Stay alert and aware so you can avoid poor hand positioning and keep them out of “The Danger Zone” The best safety device for your hands Is yours eyes and your mind Need to Know on Your Project Emergency Procedures
Medical Facilities
Location of Emergency Equipments Site Entry Requirements
Security passes
HSE Induction trainings Bad Placement

Must use safe and proper lifting equipment/gear and technique/procedure
Must use proper barricades
Must Properly Barricade the entire area around your crane
Must not let other employees cross your barricade
Must have all your safety equipment, PPE, Vest and Whistle
Must follow all safety requirements! Don’t leave tools or materials lying around

Don’t throw items over the edge

Wear hard hats when working under an aboveground work area Chemical Hazards Chemical Controls What is a Confined Space? Trenches Silos Excavations Crawl Spaces Septic Tanks Pipes Oxygen Acetylene Argon Nitrogen Propane Never Enter any Pipe, Vessel, Trench, Silo or other type Confined Spaces where Compressed Gases have been used until you have been Trained it has been Tested Safe to do so! Compressed Gas Cylinders Safety Learn the Hazards before Working with any Compressed Gases! IF THE EMERGENCY ALARM SOUNDS YOU MUST While Driving on Site Check of clean lees
Check your break system
Use your seat belt Clean your window screen
Clean view mirrors Never use equipment for lifting and work under Power Tools Industrial Machinery Loud Music Heat Stress happens when the body unable to cool it self through sweating What is Heat Stress? Two levels of Heat Stress: Factors help to fight Heat Stress: So BEFORE YOU DRIVE TO WORK Remember Your Musts
Area shall be fenced off and Signs in place
Transported and stored as per MSDS
Only Authorized personnel
Inform relevant departments
Use tools or equipment you are not trained for
Smoke anywhere on site except in a “DESIGNATED SMOKING AREA”.
Don’t drain any chemical to the sewer / manholes.
Don’t leave any wastes on the ground.
Don’t mix wastes together.
Engage in horseplay
Tamper with Safety devices or equipment
Stay within own work area.
No one work without their foreman/Charge hand
Use PPE at all times on Project Site ( Except in designated PPE Free zones ).
Carry your Project IDs at all times and return to JV HSE Dept: after completion of work
Obey all Safety instructions
Report any unsafe condition or action
Maintain good house keeping.
Separate the waste according to the waste management plan for recycling. Hard Hat Colour Identification General Labour force Banksmen /Signalmen, Operators and Riggers Drivers All Client Staff
Contractor's Managers, Engineers, HSE Staff, Supervisors, Foreman & Charge hand Office Fire RESULTS Applicable to all staff required to drive on the Project

Carry with you at all times

Permit will be revoked if you disregard the Project Driving Rules Project Driving Permit Prepared By:
Hassan Haleem (HSE GUD) ENABLING WORKS (MOBILIZATION) Questions? Landside & Airside Security Permits Landside Permit Process takes 3-4 working days

Plan Ahead and Submit Required Documents Ahead Of Time

Contact JV Administration for fromalities Airside Permit Categories:

Personnel Permits (takes minimum 5-6 working days)

Tools/Equipment/Materials (takes minimum 5-6 WEEKS)

Laptop/Camera (takes minimum 5-6 working days)

ADP: Airside Driving Permit (takes minimum 4-6 Weeks including theoretical and practical driving test)

AVP: Airside Vehicle Permit (takes minimum 5 working days)
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