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Nightmare Disorder

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Paul Morrow

on 13 June 2015

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Transcript of Nightmare Disorder

Risk Factors
If the individual is on medication, the nightmares may be attributed to some side effects of the drug. Amphetamines, antidepressants, and stimulants like cocaine can cause nightmares. Blood pressure medication, levodopa and medications for Parkinson's disease have also been known to cause nightmares.

People who can be prone to this illness
Nightmares can be caused by extreme stress or anxiety if no other mental disorder is discovered. The death of a loved one or a stressful life event can be enough to cause a nightmare but mental conditions like post-traumatic stress disorder and other psychiatric disorders have been known to cause nightmares as well.
Nightmare Disorder
What is Nightmare Disorder
Nightmare disorder, also known as 'dream anxiety disorder', is a sleep disorder characterized by frequent nightmares.
How can you tell if someone has it?
How can you help a friend with this disorder?
A way you can help would be like you could use a night light or get some professional help.
Prevention suggestions and Strategies
There are many ways to treat dream anxiety without seeking the help of a therapist. Alleviating stress within the home and personal life is a good way to eliminate any anxiety the individual may have upon going to bed. A regular fitness routine and perhaps relaxation therapy would help to make the individual fall asleep faster and more peacefully. Yogaand meditation can also help to eliminate stress and create a more peaceful sleeping atmosphere. Psychotherapy can also help an individual learn how to cope and deal with the various stressors in their life.
Myths for nightmare disorder
There really isn't a myth about this disorder its not known unless you know it by dream anxiety and still not very known well.
Symptoms for Nightmare disorder
The Science of this Disorder
If someone has it by how they act when they are awake like if they are easily irritable and during the night if they are making noises or moving erratically through out the night.
During the nightmare, the sleeper may groan and move slightly. The victim is often awakened by these threatening and frightening dreams and can often vividly remember their experience. Upon awakening, the sleeper is unusually alert and oriented within their surroundings, but may have an increased heart rate and symptoms of anxiety, like sweating. They may have trouble falling back to sleep for fear they will experience another nightmare.
A person experiencing nightmare disorder would have trouble going through everyday tasks; the anxiety and lack of sleep caused by the fearful dreams would hinder the individual from completing everyday jobs efficiently and correctly.
Diagnosis and medication can only be given to patients that report the recurring nightmares to a psychiatrist or other physician. Medications like prazosin are sometimes used to treat nightmares in people with PTSD. Therapy usually helps to deal with the frightening themes of the nightmares and alleviate the recurrence of the dreams. The persistent nightmares will usually improve as the patient gets older. Treatments are generally very successful.
Research has been undertaken to investigate if sufferers of nightmares could benefit from the ability to be aware they are indeed dreaming, a process known as lucid dreaming, but so far evidence for this treatment is weak.
Nightmares can be caused by extreme stress or anxiety if no other mental disorder is discovered.
one out of every two adult has nightmare occasion.And between 2% and 8% of the adults population is plagued by nightmare.
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