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Transcript of Chivalry
By: Abimael Macias, Will Warren, and Adriana Zamarripa
What do we mean by "chivalry"?
Knighthood was instituted in the 11th century. It was a title reserved primarily for the upper class, as they were the only ones who could afford it. It's original function was for military purposes and slowly throughout the years the occupation was rendered ineffective by the creation of gunpower and other ranged artillery.
When did knighthood and chivalry first surface?
Monarchs had the power to make anyone a knight. The title was also somewhat hereditary. Sons of knights were called squires, and that title automatically made them eligible for knighthood. Knights were often times noblemen, and around the 12th century the two classes began to merge.
How did you become a knight?
After knights were rendered ineffective by ranged weapons in the 13th century, it mainly became focused on display. Magnificent suits of armor were crafted just to be shown off. Jousting was a popular activity in the middle ages, and famous jousters (knights), became local celebrities. This is where the concept was created.
When did knights become more of a household name?
Has anybody ever wondered where society gets the concept of celebrities?
Celebrities have been around far longer than most of us think. The first celebrities surfaced in the middle ages, when the purpose of knighthood fell to a simple title.
Knights Code of Chivalry
Knight Code of Chivalry – was a control system which went beyond rules of combat and introduced the concept of Chivalrous conduct – qualities idealized by knighthood, such as bravery, courtesy, honor, and gallantry toward women.
Knight code of chivalry dating back to the Dark Ages
- Was part of culture and was understood by all.
- A code of Chivalry was documented in ‘The Song of Roland’ in the Middle Ages Knights period of William the Conqueror who ruled England from 1066
- ‘The Song of Roland’ describes the 8th century Knights of the Dark Ages following battles fought by the Emperor Charlemagne
The Code of Chivalry History
-Chivalry as a concept emerged around the 11th century AD in France when the Christian church began attempting to regulate the violence endemic to Frankish society.
-Term comes from French word chevalir or "knight"
-"Knights" or mounted heavy cavalry had first been used by the Franks in the previous two centuries.
-Chivalry was itself a vocation of secular figures- knights being feudal vassals of political leaders-and yet religion practice were endemic to the lifestyle.
-Knights were expected to be fully active Christians and were limited by its prohibitions just like any other gentile
-Term knighthood comes from the english word knights while chivalry comes from the french chevalerie, from chevalier or knight
-In modern english, chivalry means the ideals, virtues, or characteristics of knights