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Transcript of Taoism
“Tao” means “the way” or “ the path” in the teachings of Lao Tzu.
It was created in Northern/Central China
Started around the 4th and 3rd Century BCE.
believe heavily in meditation and contemplation
minimal actions against others
life and death are two aspects of reality
believe in gods (enlightened immortal that helps your conscious work towards grace)
Tao is a concept to describe something that goes beyond our capability to define
Dieting methods (Macrobiotic practices).
Chi is a large Taoist practice. It means breath or air. Every person has a normal amount of Chi in them. It is the balance of health and a long life. It is separate from the physical world.
During prayer, offerings are given to Gods to restore order in the universe or nature. Offerings range from simple wine and food to more complex gifts like, instruments, robes and etc.
Offering Festival Rituals
-Yellow banner is placed outside the temple to attract Gods.
-Priests dance and sing at offerings given to Gods.
-Candles are spread out and lit one by one to show the light spreading throughout the world.
-Exorcisms may be performed by priests to drive out evil spirits.
key book of Taoism
consists of 81 chapters filled with advice on life, and description of the nature of the universe
No one wrote the book, believed that it is collection of proverbs and saying over a long period of time
8th to 3rd century BCE
Tao Te Ching
wrote by Zhuang Zhou around 4th to 3rd century BCE
consists of 33 chapters however could be 53
second important book in Taoism
focuses on individual's private life
also touches on death and immortals
born 601 BC in Henan and died 531 BC
founder or legendary figure of Taoism
central figure in this religion
was born after being in his mother's womb for 72 years
worked as a scholar protecting sacred books
at eighty years old, he traveled to western China to then write the Tao Te Ching
born 370 BC Bozhou, China and died 287 BC
pivotal figure in Taoism
was also a scholar as Lao Tzu
his teachings were based from the founder however aspect was much larger
One of many teachings he taught was: "Things should be allowed to follow their own course, and men should not value one situation to another"
later on wrote book Chuang - Tzu
Women may become nuns only with the
consent of their clan leaders.
If they are not nuns the are responsible for household duties.
Men must avoid unnecessary ejaculation
Meditation is done to unit the cosmos(Nature).
Regulating the Chi and Yin Yang for people or entire communities.
Prayers to deities by dancing and chanting sacred texts.
- shows the good and the evil and how there are interconnected.
- Action without struggle and with less effort. Lao Tzu would teach about natural life like this, just going with the flow.
Very Difficult to tell how many Taoists in the world.
About 20-30 million in Taiwan (2007)
About thirty thousand in North America (2007)
The holiest place for Taoists to visit is The Five Mountains in China
The mountains represent the 5 elements of the Doa. Fire, Water, Metal, Earth, and wood
About 8 temples in the GTA(St clair and Bathurst)
Chinese New Year-
This takes place in late January early February and it marks the rebirth of positive deeds and good karma. All bad karma is cleared. The most important Taoist celebration.
Kitchen God Day
-This day celebrates one of the most important God. Zhang Lang. He is a protector of the hearth(bottom of fire pit) and of family.
-This takes place in late December.
-Most chinese and Taoist households now have a statue of Zhang Lang above their fire or stove area.
By: Louis Tran and Tommy Grande
"Taoism - Crystalinks." Taoism - Crystalinks. Web. 26 May 2016.
"Taoism 101: Introduction to the Tao." Personal Tao. Web. 26 May 2016.
"Taoist Texts - ReligionFacts." Taoist Texts - ReligionFacts. Web. 26 May 2016.
"Famous Taoists -- China.org.cn." Famous Taoists -- China.org.cn. Web. 26 May 2016.
"Lao Tzu: Father of Taoism." Lao Tzu: Father of Taoism. Web. 26 May 2016.
Hansen, Chad. "Zhuangzi." Stanford University. Stanford University, 2014. Web. 26 May 2016.
Works Cited Cont
Ames, Roger T. "Zhuangzi." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 26 May 2016.
-"Taoism." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. Ed. J. Gordon Melton. 5th ed. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2001. 1531-1532. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 24 May 2016.
-Hudson, Clarke. "Daoism (Taoism)." Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender. Ed. Fedwa Malti-Douglas. Vol. 2. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 373-376. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 24 May 2016.
-"Daoism." World Religions Reference Library. Ed. Julie L. Carnagie, et al. Vol. 1: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, 2007. 177-206. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 24 May 2016.
-"CHI." Www.religionfacts.com. N.p., 17 Mar. 2015. Web. 25 May 2016. <http://www.religionfacts.com/chi>.