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Fiqh Istinjaa, Salah intro, Adhan , mufsiaat Salah Quran 7 to 10

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Ribat Teachers

on 2 July 2016

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Transcript of Fiqh Istinjaa, Salah intro, Adhan , mufsiaat Salah Quran 7 to 10

If the filth crosses the boundary of its outlet then one must wash it with clean water or a liquid purifier.
What Istinja Can be Performed With
Things that are pure: Water
Right Hand
Smooth Surfaced: Plain Surfaced Stones
Honourable: Clothes, Cotten, Silk
1. Istinjaa
2. Sunnah
3. Fard
4. Wajib
5. Fiqh
1. Istinja
2. Fard
3. Wajib
4. Sunnah
5. Fiqh
Meaning of Istinja.
The Ruling of Istinja
What You Can Perform Istinja With
What You Can Not Perform Istinja With
When You Must Perform Istinja
"Do not perform Istinja with faeces or bones, for it is food for your brothers of the jinn."
Chapter 6
Lesson Objectives
2. Times for Salaah
1. Subha Sadiq
2. Subha Kadhib
2. Zenith
Key Words:
Importance and Significance of Salah
Salah is the most important duty of a Muslim. It will be the first action that Allah SWT will question us about on the Day of Judgement.

Salah is the one of the many acts of worship and is the best form of Ibaadah or praying to Allah SWT.
Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said:
"Teach your children to read Salaah from the age of 7 and hit them (Lightly) if they do not read Salaah from the age of 10."
Once Rasulullah PBUH asked his companions RA

" Do you think dirt can remain on a person who baths five times a day in a stream running in front of his house?"

"No", replied the companions. "No dirt can remian on his body".

The Prohet PBUH remarked,
"Similar is the effect of Salaah offered five times a day.
With the grace of Allah SWT it washes away sins."

This hadith shows that while water removes physical dirt , Salaah performed habitually removes spritual dirt (sins).
"The difference between a Muslim and a kaafir (non Muslim) is the neglecting of Salaah."
1. Salaah helps a Muslims keep away from sin.
2. Salaah helps a Muslim to remember and develop love for Allah SWT.
3. Salaah helps to strengthen ones faith.
4. Salaah is the key to Jannah.
5. Salaah brings peace and comfort to the heart.
6. Through Salaah we show thanks for Allah SWT for whatever he has given us.
When a Muslim performs Salaah sincerely, his/her sins fall off as the leaves of trees fall in Autumn. Salaah is to the believers what water is to fish.
Benefits of Salah
Its time begins when the second dawn (fajr sadiq) rises and remains until sunrise.
4 Sunnah Muakkadah
4 Fard
2 Sunnah Muakkadah
2 Nafel
Its time begins when the sun declines from zenith, and remains until the lenght of the shadow of an object is twice its length in addition to the shadow of it at zentih.
• Its time begins after Dhuhr ends, and remains until sunset
4 sunnah Guer Muakkadah
4 Fard
3 Fard
2 Sunnah Muakkadah
2 Nafel
Its time begins after sunset and remains until the disappearance of the whiteness on the horizon.
4 Sunnah Guer Muakkdah
4 Fard
2 Sunnah Muakkadah
2 Nafel

3 Witr
2 Nafel
Its time begins when Maghrib time ends and remain until the appearence of the true dawn (Fajr Sadiq)
2 Sunnah Muakkadah
2 Fard
Allah most high says,
"Verily prayer has been ordained for the believers
at duly appointed times.

Quran 4:103
Salah-tul Witr
What is Witr and the Ruling of it
The 3 witr that are Prayed in the Isha prayer (Nightfall Paryer) are Wajib.
What Is Wajib?
When to Recite Qunoot.
One recites the Qunoot in the Third raket in the Qiyaam position.
After they have read all of Surah Fatihah and any long Surah from the Quran.
Then one makes Takbeer and recites Dua Qunoot.
Lesson Objectives
1. Ruling of Wirt Salah.
2. Importance of Witr.
3. When to recite the Dua Qunoot.
4. Learn Dua Qunoot.
Prohet Muahmmad PBUH and Witr Salah
The witr is a duty, so he who does not observe it does not belong to us;the witr is a duty, so he who does not observe it does not belong to us; the witr is a duty, so he who does not observe it does not belong to us.

Abu Dawud 1414.
1. Witr
3. Dua Qunoot
Translation in English:

Bismillaah ir-Rahman ir-Raheem
"O' Allah! We implore You for help and beg forgiveness of You and believe in You and rely on You and extol You and we are thankful to You and are not ungrateful to You and we alienate and forsake those who disobey You. O' Allah! You alone do we worship and for You do we pray and prostrate and we betake to please You and present ourselves for the service in Your cause and we hope for Your mercy and fear Your chastisement. Undoubtedly, Your torment is going to overtake infidels"
One does not Pray Witr Salah in a group Prayer (Jamat).
Only in Ramadhan can one do so.
Disliked and Prohibited Times of Salah
Lesson Objectives
1. Three Forbidden Times of Prayer
2. Disliked Times to pray
Three Forbidden Times
Fajr until Sunrise
You can perform Qada (missed prayers) in this time.
You can perform Sajdah Tilawah in this time.
You can perfrom Janazah in this time.

It is disliked and not permitted to pray any voluntary prayer in this time.
Prayers at the last part of Asr
1. You can not pray,
Janazah Salah
But if a Janazah Salah occurs in this time one can pray it.
Also the Sajdah Tilawah
Unless the Sajdah Tilawah become necessary in that time. It would be Makruh Tanzihan but Valid
2. You should pray the Asr of that day, if you have not prayed it, in this time, but it would be Makruh Tahrimi.
Asr until Forbidden Time
1. It is Makruh Tahrimi to offer any vouluntary prayers after Asr prayer until Maghrib.
2. One can perform,
Missed prayer
Janazah Salah
Sajdah Tilawah
1. Makruh Tahriman / Tanzihan
2. Tawaaf
3. Zenith
4. Subha Sadiq
5. Janazah Salah
6. Qada Salah
If the Verse of prostration was recited outside the 3 forbidden times and then one was to prostrate in the 3 forbidden times it would be Makruh Tahrimi.

But if the Verse of prostartion was recited in these 3 forbidden times. It would be valid ,but it would be Makruh Tanzihi.
1. During Sunrise.
2.During Zenith.
3. During Sunset
You cannot Perform any voluntary prayers.It would be Makruh Tahrimi.
Including the 2 rakats of Tawaaf.
No Qadaa Salah. It would be invalid and sinful.
Prayers during these times
Learning Objectives
1.Definition of Quran
2. Benefits of reading the Quran
3. Learn Alphabet and Surah Fatihah
12 Shawwal 1432
11 September 2011
1. Quran
2. Surah Fatihah
Definition of Quran
Something that is Read.
Word of Allah.
Miricle of the Prophet Muhammad
Quran 7 to 10
12 Shawal 1432
11 September 2011
Learning Objectives
1. Learn what the Quran is.
2. Learn the Virtues of reading the Quran
3. Learn Etiquettes for reciting the Holy Quran
4. Learn the Alphabet and Surah Fatihah
What is the Quran?
The Holy Quran is the complete book of guidance/help for all mankind.It is our beloved and sacred book from Allah.

Each word was sent down to the Prophet Muhammad SAW through Angel Jibreal (A.S) by Allah SWT over 23 years.

The Quran has remained unchanged since its revelation and will remain unchanged until the Day of Qiyaamah. Allah SWT himself has promised to safeguard the Quran from any changes
2.Yo'mul Qiyaamah
3.Jibreal A.S
All Muslims are required to read the Quran regularly, so we can understand it and act upon its teachings.
"And this is a book which we have revealed as a blessing; so follow it and be righteous, that you may receive mercy."
Etiquettes for reciting the Holy Quran
You must have Wudu.
It is recommended to face the Qibla.
Recite slowly, correctly and in a nice voice.
Sit with respect and not with your legs stretched out.
When the Quran is being recited one must not be talking but one must listen.
Virtues of the Quran
"The best of you are those who learn the Quran and teach it to others.”
"Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward, and this reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that 'Alif, Laam, Meem' is a letter, rather I am saying that 'Alif' is a letter, 'Laam' is a letter and 'Meem' is a letter.”
"Indeed the one who recites the Quran beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. As for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have twice that reward.”
Any Voluntary Prayer and Qada prayer is not allowed during forbidden times.

Janazah Salah and Sajdah Tilawah that becomes necessary in the time are valid but disliked/Makruh Tanzihan.
17th Muharram 1433
1st December 2012
26th Shawwal
25th September
L.O (Learning Objective)
1. Finish Allah and Islam sheets
2. Read Qa'idah
3. Listen and Read Surah Fatihah
"Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward, and this reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that 'Alif, Laam, Meem' is a letter, rather I am saying that 'Alif' is a letter, 'Laam' is a letter and 'Meem' is a letter.”
Virtue of the Day
Read Qai'dah
Fiqh 11 to 14 Old
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 5

The Qur‟an was sent as a book of guidance to mankind.

“The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur‟an,
a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and
judgement (between right and wrong) (2:185)
40 mintues after
is Makruh Tahrimi
20 min after is Makruh Tanzihan
Prayer Allowed
Lesson 6
2 Dhul Qa'dah 1432
1st October 2011
The Adhan
Sunnah Muakkadah to recite Adhaan and Iqamah
Learning Objectives
1. What is the Adhan.
2. What is read in the Adhan and Iqamah.
3.The Virtues of the Adhan.
4.What one does during the Adhan.
1. What is the Adhan?
The adhaan is a call in specific words to inform others that the time for a Fard Salah has begun.
2. What is Read in the Adhaan an Iqamah?
3. The Virtues of the Adhan
Some Scholars say that giving the Adhan is better than leading the Salah

"The callers to Salah will have the longest necks of all people on the Day of Resurrection."
Sahih Muslim

"The Mu'adhdin is forgiven for as far as his voice reaches and whoever hears him will confirm what he said."
Abu Dawud
4.What one does during the Adhan.
"When you hear the adhan, repeat what the mu'adhdhin says."
One repeats the same words of the Mu'adhdhin in the Adhaan
except for some words the listener recites some other words.
In Adhan
In Iqamah
In Morning Adhan
Lesson 3
Virtue of Quran
Case Study
Fatimah is praying in a janazah salah. While she is praying some baby crawls up to her and starts making funny faces at her. Fatimah smiles in her salah.

Is Fatimah's Salah valid?
Muahmmad puts his Khufffs on and then after that he makes full Wudu at 12pm.

Then at 1PM his wudu breaks.

He then makes wudu but wipes his Khuff instead washing his feet. Then prays.

Is Muhammad's prayer valid.
Case Study 1
Case Study 2

"..then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve."
2nd Oct
4 Dhul Qa'dah
1. Read Quran
2. Learn one thing about the Quran
1. Learn more what Juz, Surah and Iat are.
2.Read Surah Fatihah
3.Read sabak.
16th October
18th Dhul Qa'da
"Neither did you (O Muhammad SAW) read any book before it (this Quran), nor did you write any book with your right hand. In that case, indeed, the followers of falsehood might have doubted."
The Verses in the Quran are known as Iats.
Quran has 114 chapters called Surahs.
These surahs are organised into 30 Parts called Juz.
30 Juz
112 Surah
2nd Iyah
Lesson 4
1. Learn what a Juz is
2. Watch the first revelation movie.
3.Read Surah Fatihah
4.Read sabak.
23th October
25th Dhul Qa'da
What is a Juz
1. Quran is split into 30 parts.
2. Each part is called a Juz
The First Revelation Movie
Cave Hira
Lesson 5
1.How was the Quran collected
3rd Dhul Hijjah 1432
30th October 2011
How was the Quran Collected?
Zaid ibn Thabit
What was it written on?
dried animal skins
camel bones
mud slabs
stone plates,
tree bark
palm leaves
Other objects
Why did the Quran put together
Many Hafizs started to past away.
Abu Bakr ordered for it to be put altogether in one book.
Zaid ibn Tahbit was made in charge of this.
It was completed less than years after the passing away of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH.
Lesson 6
Lesson 7
See new fiqh prezi condithion
Lesson 8
Lesson 9
Fard of salah
Lesson 7
1.What is a Surah and Iyah
17thDhul Hijjah 1432
13th Novemeber 2011
How ManY Surahs (Chapters)?
How ManY Iyahs (Verses)
Page in the Quran
Long Surah
Lesson 10
Wajib see new fiqh prezi
see new fiqh wajib
50 Questions
Long sentence answers required.
10th December 2011
Acts that Invalidate your Salah
21st January 2012
27th Safar 1433

1. Learn 7 acts that invalidate your salah.
Breaking a Salah Condition
General Acts not of Salah
4. If a person nullified his wudu
2. Speaking in salah intentionally or accidently
1. Eating and Drinking

3. One became insane, or lost consciousness, or laughed out loud,
5. Exposure of the Awra
6. Presence of Najas on you
7. If one who had performed tayammum and then saw water while in Salat.
"We used to talk whilst we were in Salah and a person would speak to the person next to him until the verse, 'And Stand before Allah in devout obedience', was revealed and we were then commanded to observe silence during the salah."
Sahih Muslim
To utter a word of human speech breaks salah.
Food outside mouth
If you swallow food from outside of your mouth your salah will break no matter how small it may be.
Food Stuck inside your Mouth
If you had some food stuck inside your mouth then your salah will only break if that object is size of a chickpea and is swallowed.
Laughing: To the extent where you can be heard.
Story of the blind man
Losing consciousness and becoming insane breaks wudu. So this in return breaks the salah.
Anything that Nullifies wudu Nullifies the salah.
1. Anything that exists the body.
2.Losing consciousness
3. Laughing
One must repeat wudu and salah.
One must break the prayer and make wudu and start again.

If one is an imam one must put another person in charge and leave.
If the Awra is exposed for more then three tasbihs the salah will break.

if not...

Then one needs to quickly cover themselves without delaying it consciously and continue praying.
Najas only invalidates salah if two conditions are met:

1. Najas is size of a 50p coin.
2.And it is present on you for three tasbihs.
And you know that you can use the water to make wudu.
2nd Category
1st Catergory
Case Study 1
Mr Islam and Mrs Islam were praying together when suddenly Mrs Islam faints.

Mr Islam knew about this but ignored it and carried on praying is his salah valid?

What should he have done?
After Mr Islam has read his whole Salah he decides to see what is wrong with Mrs Islam. He realises that its bad so he takes her to hospital which is 70 miles away.

When Mr Islam is at hospital the time of Magrhib enters.

What should he do?
Case Study 2
Abu Zuhayr 'Umara ibn Ruwayba said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'No one who used to pray before the rising of the sun and before its setting will enter the Fire," meaning Fajr and 'Asr." [Muslim]
Full transcript