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Transcript of Primitivism
- a belief in the value of what is simple and unsophisticated, expressed as a philosophy of life or through art or literature. Primitive art is categorized by -archetypal composers
-Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971)
-Bela Bartok (1881-1945) Art Literature Cultural Influence Sources -similar to impressionist music
-music is tonal
-new sounds are synthesized from old ones - 3 different meanings of the term "primitive"
1. referring to peoples outside the "great centres of civilization
2. the early phases of painting or sculpture
3. used to describe artists Primitivism Shakeyra Brooks
Moriah Holness There are two types of Primitivism... Chronological and Cultural prefers natural to the artificial, the uninhibited to the controlled, the simple and primitive to that on which people have worked, nature to art Cultural Primitivism Chronological Primitivism looks backward to a “Golden Age” and sees our present state as sad and the product of culture and society The American founding fathers were influenced by this type of Primitivism. Origins/Development Jean Jacques Rousseau The Noble Savage read and discuss handout Do you all believe that the Noble Savage really exists/existed? Primitive What does the word make you think of?
Good things, bad things?
How would one go about defining primitive?
Adjective - Relating to, denoting, or preserving an early stage in the evolutionary or historical development of something.
Noun - A person belonging to a preliterate, nonindustrial society or culture. -Qutoe by Australian art historians Ian Burn and Ann stephen
-Robert Goldwater in Primitivism in Modern Art (1938 - John zerzan and Derrick Jensen, USA
-connections to radical enviromentalism
-Recently explored by... Neo-primitivism - a renewal of simpler beliefs and ideals
- derived from the book Neo-Primitivism of Aleksandr Schevenko in 1913
-in the Western World
-loosely associated with the Neo-tribalism movement -Influenced by:
plato.stanford.edu/entries/rousseau/ 18th Century
Jean Jacques Rousseau works that express a preference for the natural over the artificial in human culture, and a belief that the life of primitive cultures are preferable to modern lifestyles.
Jean Jacques Rousseau was one of the foremost advocates of primitivism in works such as Julie, ou la Nouvelle Héloïse.