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Ottoman Greek Genocide
Transcript of Ottoman Greek Genocide
and Gina Montegna
05/20/13 Greek Genocide TIMELINE (10 DATE MINIMUM) The killing of Greeks, Armenians, and Assyrians began in 1924
Greek communities began inhabiting Anatolia (Greek for “east”), otherwise referred to as the Asia Minor, since the 12th century BCE
Turkish peoples migrated into Anatolia over the first millennium CE and by the 14th century had established the Ottoman Empire
With the support of the Great Powers, the Greeks successfully overthrew Ottoman rule during their War of Independence from 1821 to 1830, thereby establishing the modern Greek state
Under the banner of the Committee for the Union of Progress (CUP), the young Turk movement aiming to create a homogenous Turkish state after a coup d’état in 1913.
The Balkan Wars (from October 1912 to July 1913) ultimately ended five centuries of Ottoman rule in the Balkans
Turkish forces retook Smyrna in September 1922, instigating a massive anti-Greek pogrom.
On September 13, a fire broke out amidst the chaos, spreading uncontrollably over the next two weeks. The Smyrna catastrophe took the lives of somewhere between 10,000 to 15,000 Greeks.
Two months later, in November of 1922, diplomatic negotiations between the Kemalist regime and the Great Powers began in Switzerland
The Treaty of Lausanne was signed in February 1923. The sovereign status of a Turkish nation state was thereby affirmed.
Greek communities annually commemorate the genocide on September 14 in recognition of the Smyrna catastrophe. PEOPLE ALLEGEDLY COMMITTING THE GENOCIDE All of these people were killed by a group known as the Committee for the Union of Progress (CUP)
This group consisted of regimes of the Young Turks and of Mustafa Kemal
It was against the Ottoman Greeks, a culture full of rich art and many successes, those successes were taken away by the groups of people committing the genocide NON-KILLER’S PERSPECTIVE The victims were Ottoman Greeks who were living in Turkey even after the War of Independence in which the Greeks overthrew the Turks and established the modern Greek state
After the war, many Greeks were left living in Turkey, and they faced bitter prosecution from the Turks, who now suffered from an increased sense of both nationalism and humiliation. THE WAY THEY WERE KILLING LOOKING THROUGH THE EYES OF THE PEOPLE WHO WERE KILLED LOOKING THROUGH THE EYES OF A MEMBER OF THE GENERAL POPULATION USING YOUR PRIOR KNOWLEGDGE AND/OR PERSONAL
EXPERIENCES PLEASE REFLECT ON WHAT THE TERM “GENOCIDE”
MEAN TO YOU? (EXTRA CREDIT) Works Cited The C.U.P began singling out all able-bodied Greek men, forcibly conscripting them into labor battalions which performed slave labor for the Turkish war effort.
Greek villages were brutally plundered and terrorized under the pretext of internal security.
Eventually most of the population was rounded up and forcibly deported to the interior.
On September 13, a fire broke out amidst the chaos, spreading uncontrollably over the next two weeks. The Smyrna catastrophe took the lives of somewhere between 10,000 to 15,000 Greeks. The Greeks who were living in Turkey at the time had been stranded there after the war
They had planned to live in peace, but were instead forced to live in fear due to the fierce persecution that they faced
The Turks had been humiliated by their loss, and so turned their anger towards the Greeks still residing in turkey
They greeks were unfairly forced to live in worse conditions, fearing for their lives
they were accused of being traitorous The Turks were well aware of the persecutions taking place in their own country, but did nothing to help
they had been convinced by the CUP that the Greeks were threats and were traitorous, and believed that what was being done was in their best interest
As in the case of the holocaust, many could have shielded Greeks from persecution
Many greek children were rounded up and forcibly assimilated. May civilians could have helped these children still maintain their culture.
Even after the countless deaths, the Greeks condoned the Turks behavior and did not do anything in retaliation after the signing of the Treaty of Luassane http://www.ncas.rutgers.edu/center-study-genocide-conflict-resolution-and-human-rights/genocide-ottoman-greeks-1914-1923