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Freud’s Theory of Socialization

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Colleen Herreros

on 27 July 2015

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Transcript of Freud’s Theory of Socialization

2) Ego
The ego deals with reality, trying to meet the desires of the id in a way that is socially acceptable in the world. This may mean delaying gratification, and helping to get rid of the tension the id feels if a desire is not met right away. The ego recognizes that other people have needs and wants too, and that being selfish is not always good for us in the long run.
1) Id

The id (Latin for "it") is the unorganized part of the personality structure that contains a human's basic, instinctual drives.

The id is the most basic part of the personality, and wants instant gratification for our wants and needs. If these needs or wants are not met, a person becomes tense or anxious.
Three Major Systems

Sigmund Freud,
a Viennese psychologist, formulated the first comprehensive theory of personality

• Affected not only social sciences but also art, literature & philosophy


3) Superego

The superego develops last, and is based on morals and judgments about right and wrong. Even though the superego and the ego may reach the same decision about something, the superego’s reason for that decision is more based on moral values, while the ego’s decision is based more on what others will think or what the consequences of an action could be.


( 0 to 1 year old )

• In the first stage of personality development the libido is centered in a baby's mouth. It gets much satisfaction from putting all sorts of things in its mouth to satisfy the libido, and thus its id demands. Which at this stage in life are oral, or mouth orientated, such as sucking, biting, and breast-feeding.
ORAL STAGE
( 1 to 3 years old )

• The libido now becomes focused on the anus and the child derives great pleasure from defecating. The child is now fully aware that they are a person in their own right and that their wishes can bring them into conflict with the demands of the outside world (i.e. their ego has developed).


ANAL STAGE
Freud’s Theory of Socialization
Three Major Systems
Three Major Systems
Freudian Psychosexual Development


There are 5 stages for this, and they are:
(3 to 5 or 6 years)

Sensitivity now becomes concentrated in the genitals and masturbation (in both sexes) becomes a new source of pleasure. The child becomes aware of anatomical sex differences, which sets in motion the conflict between erotic attraction, resentment, rivalry, jealousy and fear which Freud called the Oedipus complex (in boys) and the Electra complex (in girls). This is resolved through the process of identification, which involves the child adopting the characteristics of the same sex parent.


PHALLIC STAGE
Oedipus Complex
The name of the Oedipus complex
derives from Greek myth where Oedipus,
a young man, kills his father and marries his mother. Upon discovering this he
pokes his eyes out and becomes blind.
Electra Complex
For girls, the Oedipus or Electra complex is less than satisfactory. Briefly, the girl desires the father, but realizes that she does not have a penis. This leads to the development of penis envy and the wish to be a boy.


LATENCY STAGE
(5 or 6 to puberty)

No further psychosexual development takes place during this stage (latent means hidden). The libido is dormant.


Genital Stage

(puberty to adult)

This is the last stage of Freud's psychosexual theory of personality development and begins in puberty. It is a time of adolescent sexual
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