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Public Policy Project: Social Welfare

Mrs. Shaw AP Government

George Petrides

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Public Policy Project: Social Welfare

Social Welfare in the United States
By: Emilia D, Christy K, Megan M, George P, Melanie P, Julia W, Jonathan W
Majoritarian Politics vs. Client Politics
Obamacare Key Features
Obamacare Issues
Why is this an important issue?
What will happen if it is not dealt with?
Majoritarian Politics
What should be done?
Protect consumers

Provide low cost, quality healthcare

Increase accessibility

Insurance company accountability
Benefit most/all of people
Ex: Social Security, Medicare
Has no means test
Problem politicians face: Who will pay, and how much?
Majoritarian Politics vs. Client Politics
Client Politics
Few people benefit, but almost everyone pays
Is means tested
Problems politicians face: Who should benefit, and how should they be served?
Importance of political legitimacy
U.S View on Social Welfare
Giving money to people who are already working, or could work, is unfair
People who work hard will get what they deserve
People who deserve help should be given services rather than money
Alternative view: role of government is to take from those who have a lot and give to those who have little
State Involvement in Social Welfare
1930s: First became clear that federal government could create social policy
States had social welfare programs
Argument that states already were providing social welfare
State authorities campaigned for national legislation to help them out
The Great Depression and Social Welfare
FDR created temporary emergency measures
Cabinet Committee on Economic Security for long-term policies
Insurance program
Assistance program
Means test used to decide who was eligible
1935: Social Security Act passed
Creation of Medicare
Johnson elected to office-Democrats committed to health program on Ways and Means Committee
Medicare-only applied those eligible for Social Security benefits, covered both hospital expenses and doctor's bills
Medicaid-medical assistance for the poor
Client Politics
In some cases, certain organizations will benefit only a small group of people.
Instead of having tax dollars given out to certain people for free, some people think that people eligible for welfare should work for it.
Food Stamps
Programs that provide food to people in need; especially children
1996: $22.7 billion put towards food stamp programs; amount varies year to year
Food stamps are given to people who qualify and can be used in most stores around the country
There are a lot of restrictions about who qualifies for food stamps
In many cases, the main concern is providing food for children
Issues Surrounding Food Stamps
How much money should the government be spending on food stamps?
What kind of food should food stamps be used towards? Should foods of little to no nutritional value be eliminated?
Should the requirements for being able to use food stamps be adjusted?
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
The Fall of the AFDC
The Social Security Act of 1935 gave rise to the AFDC.
Public opinion grew against the AFDC.
Too many regulations
Encouraged "unmoral" behavior
Decrease in value of benefit checks
1996: AFDC was abolished, with the institution of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).
Washington put many regulations into place to improve the efficiency of the program.
States were required to help enforce the program.
Benefit levels: definition of "needs"
Income requirements
Children with absent fathers
Children with working parents
Food Stamps
Reforming Majoritarian Welfare
Social Security
Key problem: as "baby boomer" generation ages and more people require benefits, there are not enough young people paying Social Security taxes to pay for services
Only solutions to this problem involve strategies the public opposes (i.e. raising retirement age, raising taxes, or freezing benefits)
Reforming Majoritarian Welfare
Key problem: costs a huge amount of money and is not a very efficient way to pay for health care
The only long term solutions involve getting rid of Medicare and start a new system (have doctors work for the government) or encourage Americans to use their Medicare money to buy private health insurance
Majoritarian Politics
Debates 1935 and 1965 over legitimacy to provide these programs.
Votes followed party lines- except Southern Democrats (followed ideological lines more closely.)
Great Depression-liberal majority in Congress, easy argument to make the act legitimate
1965: Conservatives argued medical care was a private matter, not a governmental one
Liberals: elderly had health needs that they could not meet without help-only federal government had the resources
1964 election LBJ beat out Barry Goldwater and the large amounts of liberal democrats in Congress, not much of a problem getting the act to pass
Majoritarian Politics (cont.)

Here is a picture of a "food stamp"
Map Of Food Stamp Usage In the United States
"Cartoon: Talking About The Deficit." Alas a Blog. N.p., 3 Nov. 2012. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.
Parker, Jeff. "2007 Boomer Social Security." Cartoon. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.
DiIulio, John J., Jr. "Social Welfare." American Government. By James Q. Wilson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2004. 478-93. Print.
"Food Stamps." Cartoon. Star Tribune. St Media Star Tribune, n.d. Web.
Amptoons.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://amptoons.com/blog/2012/11/ 03/cartoon-talking-about-the-deficit/>.
Theguardian.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/oct/26/poverty-jobless-blame-newborn-babies>.
Youtube.com. Youtube, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <
"Key Features of the Affordable Care Act By Year." hhs.gov. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.
Kohn, Sally. "Why Obamacare?" cnn.com. CNN, 14 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.
"Affordable Care Act," 28 Oct. 2013. Image. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://cache.comcorpusa.com/640/0/crop/ktsm/media/acamgn.jpg>
"Welcome to the Marketplace," 27 Nov. 2013. Image. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/files/2013/11/wonk1120-800x392.jpg>
Granlund, Dave. "Obamacare Holiday Assembly." Cartoon. Dave Granlund, 2014. Web. 28 Jan. 2014.
"2012 Participation in SNAP." Blaze.com. US Census Bureau, 2012. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://danieljmitchell.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/food-stamp-map.jpg?w=500&h=275>.
"Veggie Run." Zazzle.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://rlv.zcache.com/veggie_run_postage-r2f4128a2c4ea4c17a68d3ba66a495c9d_xjs8p_8byvr_324.jpg>.
Lubrano, Alfred. "The Debate over Food Stamps." Standard-Examiner. Standard.net, 25 Sept. 2011. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. <http://www.standard.net/stories/2011/09/25/debate-over-food-stamps>.
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