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The Byzantine Empire
Transcript of The Byzantine Empire
SIGNIFICANT DATES AND EVENTS
350 AD was the rise of the Byzantine Empire
May 11, 330 Emperor Constantine proclaimed Constantinople the new capital of the Roman Empire.
324 AD Constantine divided the empire into the Eastern and Western half.
527 AD Justinian began ruling.
565 AD Justinian died
1204 AD Constantinople fell
1453 AD the Byzantine Empire ended due to the invasion of the Ottoman Turks, and became known as Istanbul, Turkey.
Cara Laudermilch & Alana Milawski - P3
They built defensive walls, aqueducts, cisterns, and vaults for holding water.
They created luxury objects and amusements such as the pipe organ
They invented water-driven mills, the nailed horse shoe, and harnesses for draft animals.
They introduced the use of the quill pen, ink, and paper.
EMPEROR JUSTINIAN :
Ruled from 527 - 565 AD
His 40 years ruling marked the highest point of the Byzantine Empire
He created the laws of Corpus Juris Civilis
The Empire took up part of Turkey, the Balkins, Spain, North Africa, Egypt, and Western coasts of the Mediterranean.
He was commonly known as Justinian the Great
His building program was the reason Hagia Sophia was built
39 degrees North & 35 degrees East.
East Mediterranean (New Rome)
Existed from 330 - 1453 AD
Believed to be founded by Greek colonists (Hellenes)
On the shores of Bosporus, having straits linking the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Constantinople was the vital center of the empire(capital)
Present day known as Istanbul, Turkey.
Emperor Constantine : 306 - 330 AD
Emperor Justinian : 527 - 565 AD
Emperors' ruled as autocrats
Corpus Juris Civils (Body of Civil Law) - fundamental base of laws
Ecloga - protected marriage, increased the rights of women and children
The Farmers Law - gave rights to rural property
The Sea Law - code of equal character, making all citizens equal
Ecclesiastical Law - Dealt exclusively with the matters of discipline
Most people were farmers
Peasants/Slaves worked the lands, and provided soldiers for the army.
Emperors lived in palaces
Rich merchants and nobles lived in comfortable houses w/ central heating.
Poor families crammed into multi-story tenement blocks
Servants and slaves lived in the streets
MEN, WOMEN, & CHILDREN:
Justinian made the laws of Corpus Juris Civilis which gave all citizens equal rights.
Cyrillic alphabet - created by Saint Cyril
Most people spoke either Greek or Latin
A two-headed eagle was used to represent Constantinople
Their culture was a blend of Christian religion, Greek science, philosophy, art, and lit.
Charriot races were held in the Hippodrome Arena
Animal fights, dancing girls, & circus acts were performed at the Grove
Churches were colored with frescoes and mosaic pictures
The Byzantine Empire was known for its beautiful scenery and art.
Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) is a sacred church known for its beauty, and still remains today.
Their religion was influenced by ancient Greek, Roman, and Christian beliefs.
People believed in Monophysitism (belief that Jesus has one nature, at once human and divine)
Christianity was influential
Church of Hagia Sophia dominated the city
The Empire was split into two different groups of religious beliefs, the Eastern Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic.
Emperors were referred to as Christ co-rulers on Earth
Holy day was Easter
It was known as Europe's busiest market place
They got goods from China, Egypt, India, Asia, and viking lands
Had straits linking Mediterranean and Black Sea (easy for trade)
Ships from Black Sea brought grains, furs, leathers, caviar, honey, etc.
Bezant - Byzantine gold coin stamped with emperors image
Farming and Agriculture was a major economical contribution.