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American Imperialism of Cuba
Transcript of American Imperialism of Cuba
By: Daniel Baracchini
Where Is Cuba Located?
Natural Resources of Cuba
Cuba is filled with all sorts of natural resources that the United States wanted.
These resources include tobacco, rice, coffee, sugar, and henequen.
The map below shows the major resources Cuba offered in the 1890’s.
Who Was First?
Cuba came under the domination of U.S. imperialism as a result of the Spanish-American War of 1898.
The Cubans had been fighting for their independence from Spain, but the U.S. took the opportunity to seize Cuba when they were in anarchy.
Cuba declared formal independence from Spain in 1898, but in 1901 the Platt Amendment was passed in which the United States set the conditions for intervention in Cuba’s domestic affairs.
With this amendment, the U.S. was permitted to station marines in Cuba as well as establish a military colony, the Guantanamo Naval Base.
The photo below is a sky view of the Guantanamo Bay Prison in Cuba.
United States Interest in Cuba
The United States had many reasons to control Cuba.
By the late 1800’s, European countries had occupied about 1/10th of the world, and a newly industrialized U.S. wanted to get a piece of the action in order to become a world superpower.
Also, foreign trade became increasingly important to the United States during the 19th century.
An American increase in population, wealth, and industrial production demanded more resources.
Cuba had plentiful resources that America had a large demand for, such as sugar, tobacco, rice, and coffee.
At the time, many Americans believed the natural resources that were necessities were beginning to dry up, creating incentive to take over Cuba.
Cuba is located at 22.0000° N and 79.5000 ° W
The most northern part of Cuba is only 90 miles from the southern tip of Florida.
Cubans resisted the American forces mainly in 1915, when the United States joined World War I.
The Germans secretly sold arms to Cuban rebels who set fire to American ports.
Rebelling was limited due to the location of America, considering the coast of Florida is 90 miles from Cuba. If Cuba was said to be acting out of order, it was a swift action to set them straight.
Shown to the right is Fidel Castro, infamous
leader of Cuban rebellion.
The United States directly ruled over Cuba because they stationed military troops there. Americans also established the Guantanamo Bay Prison for rioters.
In 1926, U.S companies owned 60% of the Cuban sugar industry and imported 95% of the total Cuban crop
By the 1950s, the U.S. controlled 80 percent of Cuban utilities (electricity and gasoline), 90 percent of Cuban mines, close to 100 percent of the country’s oil refineries, 90 percent of its cattle ranches, and 40 percent of the sugar industry.
Cuba became independent from the United States on January 1st, 1959 with the election of Fidel Castro as fifteenth president.
They have since been a free country.
Document A: New York Journal (ORIGINAL)
DESTRUCTION OF THE WAR SHIP MAINE WAS THE WORK OF AN ENEMY
Assistant Secretary Roosevelt Convinced the Explosion of the War Ship Was Not an Accident.
The Journal Offers $50,000 Reward for the Conviction of the Criminals Who Sent 258 American Sailors to Their Death. Naval Officers Unanimous That the Ship Was Destroyed on Purpose.
NAVAL OFFICERS THINK THE MAINE WAS DESTROYED BY A SPANISH MINE.
George Eugene Bryson, the Journal’s special correspondent at Havana, cables that it is the secret opinion of many Spaniards in the Cuban capital, that the Maine was destroyed and 258 men killed by means of marine mine or fixed torpeda. This is the opinion of several American naval authorities. The Spaniards, it is believed, arranged to have the Maine anchored over one of the harbor mines. Wires connected the mines with a... magazine, and it is thought the explosion was caused by sending an electric current through the wire. If this can be proven, the brutal nature of the Spaniards will be shown by the fact that they waited to spring the mine after all the men had retired for the night. The Maltese cross in the picture shows where the mine may have been fired.
Mine or a Sunken Torpedo Believed to Have Been the Weapon Used Against the American Man-Of-War---Officer and Men tell Thrilling Stories of Being Blown into the Air Amid a Mass of Shattered Steel and Exploding Shells—Survivors Brought to Key West Scou[t] the Idea of Accident—Spanish Officials Protest Too Much---Our Cabinet orders a Searching Inquiry—Journal Sends Divers to Havana to Report Upon the Condition of the Wreck. Was the Vessel Anchored Over a Mine?
Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt says he is convinced that the destruction of the Maine in Havana Harbor was not an accident. The Journal offers a reward of $50,000 for exclusive evidence that will convict the person, persons or government criminally responsible for the [destruction] of the American battleship and the death of 258 of its crew.
The suspicion that the Maine was deliberately blown up grows stronger every hour. Not a single fact to the contrary has been produced....
Source: Excerpt from New York Journal and Advertiser, February 17, 1898. Purchased by William Randolph Hearst in 1895, the Journal published investigative and human interest stories that used a highly emotional writing style and included banner headlines and graphic images.