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SOAPSTone PLUS analysis

guide to breaking down all types of media (SOAPSTone) apply your guide directly to an example of media


on 18 May 2013

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Transcript of SOAPSTone PLUS analysis

Nonfiction Literary Analysis -
SOAPSTone Subject Overall meaning of writing
The subject is the issue at hand, not the character or specific situation.
What is the main idea?
What is the theme? Occasion General Occasion-
It's not just a time and place
What's the occasion; why was the piece created?
What influenced the speaker to get up off his rump and write this piece? Audience Purpose Speaker Tone Critical Question:
What is the piece of writing about? Specific Occasion-
Is there a specific event being referenced?
What makes speaker create this piece?
What exactly inspires the speaker?
Did something recently occurr?
Is it a memory, speech, letter, critique, etc.? Critical Questions:
What recently happened that relates to the topic?
What is the main topic covered?
Is there anything SPECIFIC or a publicized event that occurred that would cause the speaker to create this? Who is the intended audience?
Who is the main group that would be interested? Critical Questions
What is the article about?
Who would most likely be reading the article?
i.e. If the article were to be about baseball, players and sports fans would read the article. S O A P S T o n e Critical Questions:
What is the main idea (you will get this from the "subject" part of SOAPSTone) of the media?
What is the overall ideas in the world that relate to the main idea?
What themes/lasting events are present in the world that caused the speaker to make this?
What historical events may have influenced the writing of the piece? What are the purposes behind the modes of writing?
What point the speaker is trying to get across?
What is the reason that this piece of media was created?
What is the speaker trying to convince/persuade the audience? Critical Questions:
Does this piece entertain, inform, persuade?
How does the speaker's bias influence the purpose?
Why was this created in the first place?
What is the whole point?
How does the speaker present the purpose? Does he do it in an effective way? What is the attitude of the speaker (tone)?
What is the overall feeling of the piece of media (mood)? Critical Questions:
What is the feeling I get when I see/read it?
Is there a change in tone anywhere?
Is there any bias? What leads me to think so?
How does the speaker create the tone?
What diction is used that lets me understand tone? The speaker cannot simply be the author or writer.

In whose shoes is the speaker or writer walking?

Is there someone identified as the speaker?

Can you make some assumptions about this person? What social/economic class does the author belong?

What political bias can be inferred?

What gender does the speaker belong? SOAPSTone PLUS:
Stylistic Devices How does the speaker use the following:

Tone, diction (denotation, connotation), imagery, detail, syntax, organization, figurative language (simile, metaphor, etc.) SOAPSTone PLUS:
Rhetorical Devices The writer's use of mode--narration, exposition, description, or persuasion.

How does the writer or speaker use ethos, pathos, logos?

Personal experience, example, definition, statistics, research, satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement Nonfiction getting you down? Attack the text!
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