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Transcript of EBOLA!
1st life claimed by Ebola: A nun
Named after the "Ebola River"
1976, the virus was discovered and in 2014 no head way has been made toward a vaccine
The percautions and preventions of spreading the virus are the same today as they were in 1976; basic universal precautions/handwashing/ proper disposal of infected items
Sept. 1976 by Peter Piot. A scientist in training as a clinical microbiologist.
A flask was sent to him, containing vials of blood from a nun, and melting ice cubes.
Sent from a Belgian MD from Zaire, now the Democratic Republic on Congo.
Nearest virus it matched at the time, was "Marbug".
Travel to Africa led to true knowledge of the diease and spread of the strain.
After investing the area, knowledge was obtained that the mysterious strain worked as a virus, and was transmitted by multiple, single needle use.
The virus continued to live on dead bodies
Primarily spread due to poor hygiene and infection control.
Closed the hospital
EDU to community
Epidemic "ended", with the loss of 300 people
Mr. Alibek, former Soviet physician, microbiologist, and ddfirst Deputy Director of Biopreparat from 1988 to 1992. Biopreparat was the Soviet Union's biological weapons program. He moved to DC in 1992.
Along with several types of biological warfare weapons, the combination of Ebola and smallpox "EbolaPox" was created.
Created along the same time as when small box was declared eradicated in 1980, in US.
Due to eradicated, no need to have the vaccine. thus causing everyone to be vulnerable against the virus.
Smallpox is very contagious, with a high mortality rate of 35%-40%. No defense=horrible consequences.
Because genetic material of the Ebola virus is integrated into another microorganism, under a microscope the hidden Ebola virus looks like smallpox, but obviously it isn’t.
"Ethnic bioweapons aka biogenetic" weapons, sometimes called a "genetic bomb," not only exists but experiments have been conducted, and most likely
still are being conducted, and have
been documented and were referred to by US Secretary of Defense William cohen in 1997.
Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or body fluids of a person who is sick with Ebola.
The virus is not transmitted through the air; however, large drops of respiratory or other secretions of an infected person can be very contagious,
To get Ebola, you have to directly get body fluids (blood, diarrhea, sweat, vomit, urine, semen, breast milk) from someone who is sick with Ebola in your mouth, nose, eyes or through a break in your skin or through sexual contact. That can happen by being splashed with droplets, or through other direct contact, like touching infectious body fluids
People at Risk
Highest risk are health care professionals who are caring for infected people and their families.
Due to handling infected blood and body fluid.
After coming into contact with infected wildlife.
After handling wild bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food)
After handling infected clothing, needles, and medical equipment.
Providing intravenous fluids (IV) and balancing electrolytes (body salts).
Maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure.
Treating other infections if they occur.