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New Urbanism in Ontario Municipalities... Is it possible?

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jesse sutton

on 16 April 2010

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Transcript of New Urbanism in Ontario Municipalities... Is it possible?

New Urbanism In Ontario Municipalities... Is It Possible? Still Urban Sprawl? Cornell Village
- Main Entrance - Cornell Plaza
- Range of housing types, resembling medium density
- Five minute walk to all transit systems, shopping centres and public amenities
- Implementation of rear lane parking
- Front porches face local streets, community parks
- Illustrates founding principles of New Urbanism
Who is it built for? - Walkable yet Markham is not close to large commercial, industrial infrastructure
- Most built residential ideal for young families, low maintenance homes
- Where is the incentive for young urban professionals?
- Duany claims no gated community
focused primarily on housing range and strong family community values
inadvertently has supported gentrification and segregation of the affluent
Wortley Village Location Wortley Village Commercial Strip New Urbanism in London, Ontario "Fake" Communities Reformed Urban Design Movement
Promotes community values
Mixed Use/Tenure/Income
Walkable, Liveable, Workable - Jane Jacobs expressed concern for urban sprawl and auto dependency
- Leon Krier formed New Urbanism based on 'European City Model'
- Congress of New Urbanism formed from Californian Local Government Commission's community principles
New Urbanisms Defining Elements - Neighbourhood has central point (square, green, busy transit corner
- Most dwellings within 5 minute walk of center
- Variety of housing types (integration of social class)
- Small playgrounds accessible to all residential
- Streets are narrow, tree-lined (suitable corridor for pedestrians and cyclists)
- Organized to be self-governing (e.g. Village Council) Case Studies in Ontario - Cornell, Markham, Ontario
- Wortley Village, London, Ontario - Located in London's Old South
- Prominent arts and local entertainment hub
- Awaiting potential community heritage status - Maintains primary values of New Urbanism
mixed commercial/residential uses
navigable within 5 minutes of central point
prominent social connectivity
Based on European city model (before "New" Urbanism)
Common Assumptions and Criticisms - developing outside of city boarders
- linking two arterial roads
- pocket communities surround city boundary
- Theoretically, medium to high densities will control sprawl - Longevity or stability?
- Truly sustainable? - Possibly too much focus on aesthetics
- No organic growth = unnatural social feel
- May not directly create social, friendly environment
allows for opportunity to establish culture
- Contradicts free housing market
(American's want single-detached)
yet offers alternative and beneficial way of life (walkable, community oriented) - Considered environmental and heritage impact in planning process
- Mixed Use Commercial, Residential, Light Industrial
- Inter- and Intra-connectivity through pedestrian pathway, rapid bus transit, light rail transit, car-sharing
- Local 'green' initiative - vertical gardens, community gardens, agriculture, green roofs
OLD EAST INDUSTRIAL AREA - Sustainable development: Social, environmental, economic longevity
- Ontario communities not meeting full potential
- Adapt New Urbanism to prepare for future communities
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