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Music Therapy

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Kaitlyn Beard

on 12 December 2017

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Transcript of Music Therapy

Music Therapy
Patient/Client Needs
Social Communication needs include:
• Engages in reciprocal interaction
• Shares Attention
• Shares emotion
• Shares intentions to regulate the behavior of others
• Shares intentions for social interaction
• Shares intentions for joint attention
• Persists and repairs communication breakdowns
• Shares experiences in reciprocal interaction

Cites for Music Therapy Information
What is Music Therapy?
According to American Music Therapy Association, "Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program."
What are some facilties music therapists work in?
A music therapist can work in facilities such as:
Psychiatric hospitals
Rehabilitative facilities
Medical hospitals
Outpatient clinics
Day care treatment centers
Agencies serving people with developmental delays
Intervention 1
Group Drumming is very commonly used in music therapy because it helps develop listening skills such as auditory awareness, auditory discrimination, sound identification,and localization. This also helps with the need of sharing attention.
Intervention 2
The use of a gradually decreasing tempo in a song can help greatly in a patient who needs help relaxing or regulating arousal levels. Music Therapists will often use a patient preferred style and create a song that will assist in this. The therapist will start with something at a higher tempo to meet the patient where they are and gradually bring them down.
Lets Break that
Addresses physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of individuals
After an assessment, the MT creates a treatment plan including creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music
Through musical involvement in the therapeutic context, clients' abilities are strengthened and transferred to other areas of their lives.
Music therapy also provides avenues for communication that can be helpful to those who find it difficult to express themselves in words.

Community mental health centers
Drug and alcohol programs
Senior centers
Nursing homes
Hospice programs
Correctional facilities
Halfway houses
Private Practices
Patient Populations
A patient population is the group of people a Music Therapist is working with.

Those include people with:
Behavioral and emotional disorders
Developmentally disabled
Elderly and Alzeheimer's
Neurological disorders
Substance abuse problems
Brain injuries
Physical disabilities
Acute and chronic pain
Intellectual disabilities

Patient/Client Needs
Symbol use needs include:
• Learns by observation and imitation of familiar and unfamiliar actions and words
• Understands nonverbal clues in familiar and unfamiliar activities
• Uses familiar objects conventionally in play
• Uses gestures and nonverbal means to share intentions
• Uses words and word combination to express meanings
Understands a variety of words and word combinations without context cues
Patient/ Client Needs
Mutual regulation needs include:
• Expresses range of emotions
• Responds to assistance offered by partners
• Requests partners’ assistance to regulate state
• Recovers from extreme dysregulation with support from partners

Patient/ Client Needs
Self-regulation needs include:
• Demonstrates availability for learning and interacting
• Uses behavioral strategies to regulate arousal level during familiar activities
• Uses language strategies to regulate arousal level during familiar activities
• Regulates emotion during new and changing situations
Recovers from extreme dysregulation by self
Patient/ Client Needs
Interpersonal support needs include:
• Partner is responsive to child
• Partner fosters initiation
• Partner respect child’s independence
• Partner sets stage for engagement
• Partner provides developmental support
• Partner adjusts language input
Partner models appropriate behaviors
Patient/ Client Needs
Learning support needs include:
• Partner structures activity for active participation
• Partner uses augmentative communication support to foster development
• Partner uses visual and organizational support
• Partner modifies goals, activities, and learning environment

American Music Therapy Association. (n.d.).
Retrieved October 12, 2017, from https://www.musictherapy.org/faq/#40
Daily Checkup: Music therapy’s power. (2015,
December 27). Retrieved October 12, 2017, from https://www.google.com/amp/www.dailynews.com
Davis, W. B., Gfeller, K. E., & Thaut
M. (2008)
An Introduction to music therapy theory and practice (3rd ed.)
. Silver Spring, MD: American Music Therapy Association.
I. (2017, October 10). Music Therapy for Your
Brain- Can It Make You Smarter? Retrieved October 12, 2017, from https://www.developinghumanbrain.org/music-therapy-brain/
Music & You: Relaxation for Anxiety. (2015,
February 28). Retrieved December 12, 2017, from https://accessmusictherapy.com/music-relaxation-for-anxiety/
SCERTS SAP-Observation Form. (2006). Paul H.
Brookes Publishing Co.
Music Therapy Techniques. (n.d.). Retrieved
December 12, 2017, from http://www.allpsychologycareers.com/topics/music-therapy-techniques-interventions.html
Kaitlyn Beard
Research in music therapy supports its effectiveness in many areas such as: overall physical rehabilitation and facilitating movement, increasing people's motivation to become engaged in their treatment, providing emotional support for clients and their families, and providing an outlet for expression of feelings.
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