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Transcript of Kabuki Theater
What is Kabuki ?
Kabuki Costumes and Make-up
Stage and Props
Kimono/Daimon: Top Garment with square and wide dash sleeves(robe)/decorated with family crest(historical plays
Hakama: throw over with board shoulders. Wore by all samurai (cape).
Yoten: Similar to kimono and daimon, but the sleeves are shorter and you tie it. Wore by chiefly warrior and brave men (robe)
stage right- shimote
stage left- kamite
center stage- mawari butai
mechanical effect entrance- seri
hananmichi- run way/ trap doors
three stages for intimacy
Kabuki means sing and dancing, comes Kabuku ( slant or out of the ordinary)
One of the four major classical japanese theaters
It consist of dancing, singing, acting, and also extravagant make-up and costuming.
Have three main genres
Costumes and Props
Golden Age of Kabuki
The Japanese Renaissance
Kabuki's characteristics was established in this period
Created by Ichikawa Danjuro I
Used for powerful and strong characters
He also created "kumadori" and "mie"
Created by Sakata Jojuro
One of the first playwrights of Kabuki
Shakespeare of Japan
Created the Sewamono genre (domestic plays)
His most famous plays were originally for Bunraku Puppet plays
"The Love Suicides at Amijima"
After the Genroku Period
(End of Edo period)
Funi-hitoe: The court dress/stage version of the juni-hitoe
Kaoyo-Gozen: Wore by feudal lords or court noble wives
Katahazushi: Upper class samurai wive
Koshimoto: Wore by wealthy daughter of a samurai, wealthy merchant, lady-in-waiting
Kokumochi: Wore by a loyal and tragic wives of samurai
Moegi-no-Kokumochi: Wore by common young girls
Akahime: Wore by daughters of shogun or princesses
Machi-musume: Wore by a city girl
Geisha: Wore by prostiute
Oiran: Flamboyant edo costume
Akuba: Wore by a wicked woman
Famous Costumes of Men
Happi- Wore by carpetners
Ninaime- Wore by handsome male character
Kamiko- Wore by older classical people
Wakashu- Wore by samurai families and temple pages wear the montsuki
Sanjaku-mono- Wore by disreputable character
Niku-juban: the tatoos body suit
Yoroi- General and high rank warrior armor; made of metal and leather pieces.(odoshi)\
Gumpyo- Poor-wadded cotton coat- trouser like leggings
Hamachi-Headband wore by athelets
Kammuri-Smaller hat with tail
Eboshi/Boshi-Cover most of the head, head band that is pinned to the wig.
Zukin- Cloth/scarf; similiar to tenguri
Hanagushi- "Flower comb, " decorated hairpin
Kogai- Stick or bar, made of tortoise shell, metal, or lacquered wood.
Kanzashi- Decorated hairpin
Nakazashi- Long square-sided bar
Aida-gire/tsurushi-gake- ornamental cloth, with tie-dyed pattern
Hotaru-uchi- Colored silk braid
Kin nawa- Thick gold rope
Tenugui- Scarf /cloth
Gasa: Umbrella, made out of bamboo
Kane, Fune, Soa
Daigane- The base of the wigs.
Hair substitute- Hair helmet
Made of human hair, horse hair,bear fur or yak-tail hair.
Mitsuba no kuro-nuri geta
Omote-uchi no geta
Kirmasa Yoshiwara Geta
After the Genroku period
Bunraku became more popular than Kabuki
Kabuki actors began to adapt bunraku plays for Kabuki, and they even imitated the movements of the puppets
Lead to Kabuki and Bunraku growing into two of the major japanese theaters
Kabuki and Bunraku
Japan style moved towards realism
Plays styles became more realistic
The onnagata acting style change
1863 - Present
Kabuki had to adapt to the changing world
Decline of popularity
Movies and Television
Talented actors regain the popularity of kabuki
Edo period (1603-1867)
Created by Izumo no Okuni
Kabuki was only singing and dancing, but later on she incorporated acting as well.
She created a troupe with only women, known as onna-kabuki.
Women were replaced by younger men, which was known as wakashu-kabuki.
Koihyaku Yamato Orai
Kyoto Ningy(Kyoto Doll)
Migawari Zanzen (The Zen Substitute)
Most of the time women roles were just supportive characters
Yoshizawa Ayame perfected onnagata which lead to stronger roles for onnagatas
The Yatushi device in jap. samurai dramas and tv cartoons (Samurai Jack and Toyama no kinsan)
Takashi Shimizu film "The Grudge" has Kabuki influences as well.
The use of Mie in Sailor Moon and Mighty Morphing Power rangers
Samurai make-up(No mask)
Black elaborate eyebrows
Red for the heroes,
virtue, passion, superhuman power, anger
Jealousy, fear(mie),colors by animal, symbolism, ghost(blue viens)
Black for the villians
Evil deceiving, darkness
White Kumadori on face, neck, and hands
Red Kumadori on eyes and lips
Show status, action of character, and invisible qualities
Wear all black
Nejikiri: woman version of hashori
Kakuma: Trousers of both sexes, mid drifts for no curves