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Kabuki Theater

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on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Kabuki Theater

Kabuki Theater
What is Kabuki ?
Kabuki Costumes and Make-up
Stage and Props
Genroku Period
Modern Japan
Costumes
Kimono/Daimon: Top Garment with square and wide dash sleeves(robe)/decorated with family crest(historical plays

Hakama: throw over with board shoulders. Wore by all samurai (cape).

Yoten: Similar to kimono and daimon, but the sleeves are shorter and you tie it. Wore by chiefly warrior and brave men (robe)
Accessories
Make-Up/ Wigs
Stage
stage right- shimote
stage left- kamite
center stage- mawari butai
up-stage: kakiwari
mechanical effect entrance- seri
hananmichi- run way/ trap doors
three stages for intimacy
Hikinuki
Kabuki
Theater
Kabuki means sing and dancing, comes Kabuku ( slant or out of the ordinary)

One of the four major classical japanese theaters

It consist of dancing, singing, acting, and also extravagant make-up and costuming.

Have three main genres
Jidai-mono(historical plays)
Sewamono(domestic plays)
Shosagoto(dance pieces)
Origin
Famous Plays
Government involvement
Established:

Yaro-Kabuki

Kabuki Themes

Costumes and Props

Golden Age of Kabuki
The Japanese Renaissance

Kabuki's characteristics was established in this period
Acting Styles
Tachiyaku
Aragote
Rough style

Created by Ichikawa Danjuro I

Used for powerful and strong characters

He also created "kumadori" and "mie"
Wagaota
Soft style

Created by Sakata Jojuro

Merchant culture
Onnagata
Chikamatsu Monzaemon
One of the first playwrights of Kabuki

Shakespeare of Japan

Created the Sewamono genre (domestic plays)

His most famous plays were originally for Bunraku Puppet plays

"The Love Suicides at Amijima"
After the Genroku Period
(End of Edo period)
Funi-hitoe: The court dress/stage version of the juni-hitoe
Kaoyo-Gozen: Wore by feudal lords or court noble wives
Katahazushi: Upper class samurai wive
Koshimoto: Wore by wealthy daughter of a samurai, wealthy merchant, lady-in-waiting
Kokumochi: Wore by a loyal and tragic wives of samurai
Moegi-no-Kokumochi: Wore by common young girls
Akahime: Wore by daughters of shogun or princesses
Machi-musume: Wore by a city girl
Geisha: Wore by prostiute
Oiran: Flamboyant edo costume
Akuba: Wore by a wicked woman
Famous Costumes of Men
Happi- Wore by carpetners
Ninaime- Wore by handsome male character
Kamiko- Wore by older classical people
Wakashu- Wore by samurai families and temple pages wear the montsuki
Sanjaku-mono- Wore by disreputable character
Niku-juban: the tatoos body suit
Yoroi- General and high rank warrior armor; made of metal and leather pieces.(odoshi)\
Gumpyo- Poor-wadded cotton coat- trouser like leggings
Women Costume
Costumes
Hachimaki- Headband
Hamachi-Headband wore by athelets
Kammuri-Smaller hat with tail
Eboshi/Boshi-Cover most of the head, head band that is pinned to the wig.
Zukin- Cloth/scarf; similiar to tenguri
Kasa/Gasa-Umbrella hat

Hanagushi- "Flower comb, " decorated hairpin

Kogai- Stick or bar, made of tortoise shell, metal, or lacquered wood.

Kanzashi- Decorated hairpin

Nakazashi- Long square-sided bar

Aida-gire/tsurushi-gake- ornamental cloth, with tie-dyed pattern

Hotaru-uchi- Colored silk braid

Kin nawa- Thick gold rope
Props
Tenugui- Scarf /cloth
Ogi- Fan
Katana- Sword

Gasa: Umbrella, made out of bamboo
Kodogu(reusable)
Kasa, Uchiwa,Tachi,
tsukuri-mono(disposable)
Kane, Fune, Soa
Wigs
Daigane- The base of the wigs.
Hair substitute- Hair helmet

Katsura: wigs
Made of human hair, horse hair,bear fur or yak-tail hair.

Hair Accessories
Feet Accessories
Mitsuba no kuro-nuri geta
Omote-uchi no geta
Pokkuri geta
Nuri geta
Uwa zori
Komageta
azuma geta
Kyo zori
Niwa Geta
Kire-Waraji
Yorio Zori
Yorio-No-Fukuzori
Jomegutsu
Kegustsu
Kuro-Nuri-Gutsu
Nomeri Geta
Kirmasa Yoshiwara Geta
Setta
Asa-ura-zori
Kongo Zori
Nuno Waraji
Kiri Komageta
1688-1704
After the Genroku period

Bunraku became more popular than Kabuki

Kabuki actors began to adapt bunraku plays for Kabuki, and they even imitated the movements of the puppets

Lead to Kabuki and Bunraku growing into two of the major japanese theaters


Kabuki and Bunraku
Style change
Japan style moved towards realism

Plays styles became more realistic

The onnagata acting style change
1863 - Present
Kabuki had to adapt to the changing world

Decline of popularity
WWII
Movies and Television

Talented actors regain the popularity of kabuki

Kabuki influences
Edo period (1603-1867)

Created by Izumo no Okuni

Kabuki was only singing and dancing, but later on she incorporated acting as well.

She created a troupe with only women, known as onna-kabuki.

Women were replaced by younger men, which was known as wakashu-kabuki.
Shunkan
Tsuri Onna
Koihyaku Yamato Orai
Kanadahon Chushingura
Kyoto Ningy(Kyoto Doll)
Renjishi
Migawari Zanzen (The Zen Substitute)
Most of the time women roles were just supportive characters

Yoshizawa Ayame perfected onnagata which lead to stronger roles for onnagatas

"Ayamegusa"
The Yatushi device in jap. samurai dramas and tv cartoons (Samurai Jack and Toyama no kinsan)
Takashi Shimizu film "The Grudge" has Kabuki influences as well.
The use of Mie in Sailor Moon and Mighty Morphing Power rangers


Hakoseko

Kami-ire

Inro

Tabako-ire& Kiseru
Handbags/Purses
Belts/Isho
Musubi
Bunko
Obi
Furisage
Katabasami
Samurai make-up(No mask)
Black elaborate eyebrows

Red for the heroes,
virtue, passion, superhuman power, anger
Blue
Jealousy, fear(mie),colors by animal, symbolism, ghost(blue viens)
Black for the villians
Evil deceiving, darkness
Brown
Selfishness, dejection
White Kumadori on face, neck, and hands

Red Kumadori on eyes and lips

Show status, action of character, and invisible qualities
Kuroke people

Wear all black
Hashori/kimono hem

Nejikiri: woman version of hashori

Kakuma: Trousers of both sexes, mid drifts for no curves
Manipulating Clothing
Kumadori
Full transcript