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The Invention and innovations of the airplane

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Taylor Gibson

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of The Invention and innovations of the airplane

The Invention and innovations of the airplane
In the 1900's, Inventors and researchers have always been wanting to create a flying machine, But who was the first to invent it? And what improvements have been made on the the plane throughout history? This prezi is going to tell you many things about the plane.
The Invention of the airplane.
Orville Wright was the younger brother of the two, and he was known for inventing and conducting the first airplane with his older brother, Wilbur Wright.
Orville Wright
(1871-1948)
Wilbur Wright is the older brother of the two. He was known for helping with the construction and the designing of the first airplane.
Wilbur Wright
(1867-1912)
The Wright Brothers were the first people to make the first successful, full model, powered airplane, Which was one of the most famous inventions ever created.
The Wright Brothers
The Wright Brothers successfully flew the plane on December 17, 1903, when Orville piloted the plane using its power from an engine and advanced control, flying through the air smoothly, and safety landing the plane without any problems.
First Flight
A decade after the Wright Brothers invented the airplane, WW1 broke out. In 1911 the Italians, at war with Turkey in Libya, became the first to make military use of the airplane, dropping grenades from a German-built monoplane. In 1912 they also dropped bombs from an airship.
The Airplane impacted on WW1 (Start-1914 End-1918)
Innovations of the airplane at this point in time:
•Guns added onto the airplane that was manually operated.
•Bombing led to larger twin engine planes.
Airplanes made with a metal covering.

Innovations of the airplane at this point in time:
The first airplane ever flown correctly led to more advanced designs.
The Wright engine was a bit crude, even by the standards of the day. It had four horizontal inline cylinders. The 4-inch bore, 4-inch stroke, cast-iron cylinders fit into a cast aluminum crankcase that extended outward to form a water jacket around the cylinder barrels.
The Caproni CA-60 was a huge plane made in Italy. It had 3 sets of triplane wings (Which meant it had a total of 9 wings) and 8 engines. This plane could have held up to about 100 people. During the flight of the prototype at Lake Maggiore in italy, it only flew up 60 feet, then crashed into the water, It broke apart on impact and filled with water quickly, sinking to the bottom in the lake in just minutes. The two pilots both died. While undergoing repairs, it “Mysteriously” caught on fire and destroyed it. Despite its size, the original was going to hold up to 150 people and fly across the Atlantic ocean.
The Tragedy of the Caproni CA-60 (1921)
Innovations of the Airplane during this point of time:
Development of large planes.
Development of Civilian use of the airplane
The first operational turbojet engine was built by Sir Frank Whittle and was operated in April 1937 for the first time, several months before Otto Von Hain's less practical engine. Despite this, the Germans were the first actually in the air with a turbojet powered aircraft, simply by installing a jet into an airframe: the He-178.
The creation of the jet engine (1937)
Innovations on the airplane during this point in time:
Jet engines led to the creation of the jet.
The jet engine increased the speed of the airplane, or now called the jet.
During this time, WW2 broke out. In this time, more innovations have been made to planes, like having even stronger metal to protect it from bullets, and the creations of the Super fortress, which was the first pressurized bomber to enter service. It also was the heavier aircraft to be built during the Second World War. The prototype of this aircraft flew for the first time on September 21, 1942, and the plane entered service in 1943. Originally designed to reach Germany from the United States, the B-29 became combat ready only when the war in Europe was ending.
Airplanes in WW2 (1939-1945)
Innovations of the airplane during this point in time:
Airplanes now shot out missiles
Very large planes are used for war.
Today, planes are now starting to get even more advanced, and people are already starting to predict what the planes may look like in the future. The airplanes of today Now have better fuel efficiency and save more energy.
Today's planes (present time-Future)
Present day:
Now creating Hybridization:
Plane & Boat = Seaplane
Plane & Rocket = Space shuttle
Plane & helicopter = VTOL
Plane & Car = Skycar
Plane & Bike = Microlite
Future planes:
Planes traveling at super sonic speeds
See-through planes
Light-weight tanks
And more.....
Innovations of the airplane at this point in time and the future:
Resources!
1.http://inventors.about.com/od/fstartinventions/a/Airplane.htm
2.http://www.inventionreaction.com/famous/Airplane
3.http://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/wright-brothers/online/fly/index.cfm
4.http://wrightstories.com/articles/inventing-the-airplane/
5.http://www.slideshare.net/manoj192/evolution-of-aircraft
6.http://www.pilotfriend.com/photo_albums/potty/1.htm
7.http://submitarchive.com/upload/plane.php
8.http://airandspace.si.edu/collections/artifact.cfm?id=A19610048000
9.http://alkhuwair.com/
10.http://www.firstworldwar.com/airwar/summary.htm
11.http://www.world-war-2-planes.com/b-29.html
Full transcript