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Transcript of Revolutionary War
In the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington and Concord
April 19,1775 in Boston, Massachusetts Considered to be the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War
4000 colonists vs. 800 British forces. 73 British casualties and 49 colonialist causalities
Marked the beginning of the American Revolutionary War America: WIN
British: LOST Attack On Quebec
December 31, 1775 in Quebec General Montgomery launched an attack on Quebec to try and make the British leave New England to defend Canada
The American assault failed and many soldiers were captured/imprisoned and many men died.
This turned out to be the first major and worst defeat for the Americans
General Montgomery was killed and Benedict Arnold was wounded in the attempt American: LOST
British: WON Battles of New York
Started on August 27th 1776 in Long Island, Fort Washington and New Jersey Consisted of three minor battles and was the first exchange of forces after the Declaration of Independance
The first battle was at Long Island, where General Washington was driven out and into New Jersey
Following the Battle of White Plains, Washington was forced further into New Jersey
In the Battle of Fort Washington, the United States army completed retreated from New York America: LOST
British: WON Battle of Valcour Bay
October 11, 1776
Valcour Bay (Lake Champlain) Considered to be the first battles fought by the United States Navy and the first naval battle of the War.
American fleet led by Benedict Arnold is destroyed by a British fleet led by General Guy Carleton.
The Americans were able to stop British plans for further advancements although they lost the battle America: LOST
British: WON Battle of Trenton December 26, 1776 at Trenton, New Jersey Washingtong needed to end the British winning streak and gain a morale-boosting victory
Washington ambushed German mercenaries and their British commander, killing 150 and capturing 900 enemies.
Vital supplies to the British were now in the hands of Americans
America won its first major battle in the war after a string of defeats American: WON
British: LOST Battle of Princeton
January 3, 1777 at Princeton, New Jersey General Washington attacked General Cornwallis' men at Princeton, New Jersey.
This battle significantly raised the American morale and encouraged more men to enlist in the American army
This won effectively forced the British out of Southern New Jersey American: WON
British: LOST Battle of Bennington
August 16, 1777 at Bennington Vermont Patriotic forces under General Stark and Warner from New Hampshire and Massachusetts defeated British forces of General Burgoyne
This victory delpeted the British force of men and supplies, which would affect them in later battles such as Saratoga
This victory also played in role in persuading France on the American side America: WON
British: LOST Battle of Brandywine
September 11, 1777 at Brandywine British forces led by General Howe defeated the American forces led under General Washington.
Americans attempted to block British forces from traveling south but the conflict led to the retreat of American forces
Later the British would occupy Philadelphia for a year American: LOST
British: WON Battle of Germantown
October 4, 1777 in Philadelphia Washington wanted to carry out a four-pronged attack on a small town named Germantown because of the low number of British forces
A thick fog settled on the battle area which resulted in miscommunication between American forces and to their retreat from the British Army America: LOST
British: WON Battles of Saratoga
Sept. 17,1777 - Oct. 13, 1777 at New York A key turning point in the War and a major victory for the Americans
British General Burgoyne won a at the Battle of Freeman's Farm, but when he attacked the Americans at Bemis Heights, he suffered a major blow when the Americans captured a portion of British forces
Americans further attacked Burgoyne and cornered him at Saratoga where he surrendered America: WON
British: LOST Battle of Monmouth
June 28, 1778 at Monmouth, New Jersey The Battle of Monmouth was fought between General Washington and General Clinton
This battle is remembered for a major mix up among the top leaders of the Americans and the British forces' retaliation
There is no clear winner in this battle with the British having 500 casualities and the Americans 300 American: DRAW
British: DRAW Battle of Charlestown
May 12, 1780 at Charlestown South Carolina General Clinton decided to shift focus on the south by sending troops and naval ships to southern colonies
While in the south, the British captured Savannah in Georgia and Charlestown in South Carolina
The British laid seige to the town which led to the surrender of 5000 American troops America: LOST
British: WON Battle of Camden
August 16, 1780 at Camden South Carolina British forces won a decisive victory over the American forces led by General Gates
The British won despite being outnumbered and this victory made the American forces' morale drop to an all-time low America: LOST
British: WON Battle at King Mountain
October 7, 1780 at Kings Mountain, North Carolina Battle fought between loyalist forces and patriot forces
British Major Ferguson and 1,200 men were stopped by patriots atop King Mountain
The hill offered the patriots a better chance to get back at the British America: WON
British: LOST Battle of Cowpens
January 17, 1781 at Cowpens, South Carolina General Greene sent General Morgan to western South Carolina and British General, Cornwallis responded by sending Colonel Tarleton and 1,000 soldiers
The battle betwenn Tarleton and Morgan ended when the British were flanked from both sides America: WON
British: LOST Battle of Hobkirk's Hill
April 25, 1781 at Camden, South Carolina Sometimes reffered to as the Second Battle of Camden
General Greene met with British Lord, Rawdon
Fleeing Continental soldiers destroyed the morale and integrity of the American's defensive lines, leading to a British victory, but shortly after the hill was given up to the Americans American: LOST
British: WON Battle of Eutaw Springs
September 8, 1781 at Eutaw Springs General Greene's army faced Colonel Stewart and as the American troops advanced, but were counter-attacked which forced them to retreat.
However, after the battle the British were weakened in supplies and men and their strategy fell apart America: LOST
British: WON Battle of Yorktown
October 19, 1781 at Yorktown General Cornwallis arrived in Yorktown and prepared a naval base.
Washington and the French surrounded the British and forced them to surrender
8,000 British soldiers were captured, 214 pieces of artillery and thousands of muskets were seized.
The was was over with the Americans victorious America: WON
British: LOST Contributions of France, other nations and individuals to the outcome of the Revolution Benjamin Franklin's Negotiations With The French
Franlkin went to France in 1776 to gain French aid against Great Britain.
His success help turn the tide of the war
Franlkin stayed in France as America's diplomat and he represented America at the treaty negotiations that ended the Revolutionary War which resulted in the Treaty of Paris
Franklin returned to America in 1875. The French Navy The French Navy played a decisive role in supporting the Americans.
The French was able to defeat the British fleet at Chesapeake in 1781, which ensured the American win in the Battle of Yorktown.
French warships bombared British ground forces Treaty of Paris (1783) Treaty that officialy ended the Revolutionary War on September 3, 1783.
Treaty consisted of these conditions
-United States was independent
-Its boundaries would be the Mississippi River on the west, Canada to the north, and Spanish Florida to the South
- The United States would receive the right to fish off Canada's Atlantic Coast, near newfloundland and Novia Scotia
-Each side would repay its debts
-The British would return any enslave persons they captured
-Congress would reccomend the states reutrn any property they had seized from the Loyalists Netherlands
Many shipments from European sources supplying the colonists were routed through countries like the Netherlands for transportation in their vessels to evade the British naval Blockade of France and Spain
The netherlands was torn between the oppurunity for wartime profits, which attracted the governing class and the working masses for their freedom favored the struggling Americans Russia Russia and the colonies were excellent trading partners and during the war, Russia provided the colonies with markets for their products as well as funds and supplies necessary to survive
Russia had mixed feelings about the revolution, thinking that if the colonists won, they would trade with other nations aside from Russia, but then the idea came that a free America can directly trade with Russia Marquis Marie Joseph de Lafayette Was a major-general in the Continental Army
During the battle of Brandywine, Lafayette led a successful retreat despite being wounded
Negotiated with France to send more support from the French
Blocked Cornwallis' troops from escaping while Washington and the other French forces made Cornwallis surrender Tadeusz Ko'sciuszko Upon learning of the Revolutionary Way Kosciuszko moved to the United States in 1776
He participated in fighting as a colonel in the Continental Army
Oversaw the building of forts in West Point and was later promoted to Brigadier General Baron Friedrich Willhelm von Stueben Served as inspector general and major general in the Continental Army
Taught the army military drills, tactics and discipline
Wrote "Revolutionary War Drill Manual" which served as the standard U.S drill manual until the War of 1812
Served as chief of staff in the war's final years Roles of Women in the Revolutionary War Abigail Adams Wrote letters to her husband, John Adams and helped him with decision while also brining up issues like women's right and slavery
During the war she provided food and shelter for soldiers
Abigail followed her husband to England where she acted as a hostess for both poltical and social gatherings Martha Washington In June of 1780, following a harsh and dispiriting winter for the Continental Army, Martha, along with other women began a campaign to enlist the help of America's women
Martha met influential members of society in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia Molly Picther (Mary Hays) Joined her husband at the winter camp at valley forge and joined a group of camp followers led by Martha Washington who would cook, bake etc.
Mary and other camp followers were called "Molly Pitcher" because they brought water to soldiers and to artillery Phillis Wheatley African American who wrote poetry about independence and hoped to encourage others to fight for freedom
Her poetry eventually made her famous and brought her free from slavery
She thought it was slavery that seperated white from true heroism Mercy Otis Warren The first Committee of Correspondence was formed in the Warren House and John Adams was impressed with Mercy's writing
Mercy wrote plays mocking the British and decided to write a history of the American Revolution which was published in 1805 Understand the personal impact and economic hardship of the war on families, problems if financing the war, wartime inflation, and laws against hoarding goods and materials and profiteering Personal Impact and Economic Hardship of the war on families Wartime Inflation 25,700 Americans died during the war and 1,400 soldiers were missing
8,200 Americans were wounded and many soldiers who survived left the army with no money
Many loyalists lost their property after the war Problems of Financing the War The war left the nation with a debt of about $27 million U.S. started printing additional money to pay for the cost of the war
The governmennt was restricted from raising taxes State Constitutions that were established after 1776 that helped serve as models for the U.S. Constitution Pennsylvania's Quaker roots and belief in equality of all men made the most radical, inclusive Constitution South Carloina's conservative approach reserved power and decision making to a few wealthy aristocrats who they believed were the most suited to rule Massachusetts came up with the idea of a special convention to develop a government thay would preserve the liberties of the people, which had been fought for in the revolution Knowledge of the significance of land policies developed under the Continental Congress and those policies' impact on American Indians' land Before settling in the west the U.S. had to consider the presence of Native Americans already living there. Great Britain agreed to give the U.S. the land, but nothing was said about the Native Americans. Congress sought treaties with the Natives to insure the safety of the settlers Northwest Ordinance The land north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi would be settled and eventually become a part of the U.S.
As the territory grew in population, it would gain rights to self-government. When there were 60,000 people, they could apple to become a new state Understand how the ideals set forth in the Declaration of Independence changed the way people viewed slavery In the original draft of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson criticized the king for offering slaves freedom for fighting for Britian. The sections of slavery in the Independence were removed because of the objections of the delegates from the southern states who attended the Congress Thanks for viewing this presentation of the Revolutionary War. Hope you learned something today, and as a sidenote... 'MURICA
By: Joseph Badua Before viewing this presentation I reccomend you view it shortly before you sleep for science proves you tend to remember things more often if the thing is something you learned right before you sleep, but if you are a forgetful person then view this presentation just in case. Nevertheless, enjoy 100 slides of the Revolutionary War