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Transcript of Bipolar Disorder
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Myths and Misconceptions Concerning Bipolar Disorder
Manic Episode Changes
: If you have Bipolar Disorder, you are crazy all the time.
These are called episodes which can cause highs and lows. Many can go through months without having one.
The History of Bipolar Disorder
Statistics Concerning Bipolar Disorder
An equal number of men and women get bipolar disorder and it is found throughout all races, ages, ethnic groups and social classes.
1 in 5 people with bipolar disorder commit suicide.
1% of adolescents have been found to have met the criteria for bipolar disorder.
By: Gloria Ruiz, Eileen Romero, Nancy Padilla and Chris Murar
Bipolar Disorder is a Mood Disorder that is thought to be a result of Neurotransmitter imbalances.
Neurotransmitters are chemicals in the nervous system that allow nerve impulses to travel throughout the body, which is necessary for most processes in life.
Three of the many different neurotransmitters in the body, such as Norepinephrine, Serotonin and Dopamine, are known to influence a person's mood and imbalances of them have been linked to mood disorders.
Serotonin is especially linked to Bipolar Disorder due to its heavy involvement in emotions and mood.
Depressive Episode Changes
Victims experience "mood episodes" including manic episodes and depressive episodes.
Victims may be explosive or irritable during an episode.
Changes in mood may cause extreme changes in energy, activity, or behavior.
Aretaeus of Cappadocia recognizes the symptoms of "mania" and "depression" but isn't fully acknowledged until Richard Burton writes a book regarding one of the symptoms.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
Feel worried or empty
lost of interest in activities once enjoyed
long period of feeling happy or outgoing mood
extremely irritable mood such as feeling "jumpy" or "wired".
Therapies for Bipolar Disorder
Psychotherapy: You discuss feelings, thoughts and behaviors that cause you problems, helps you understand and hopefully master any problems that hurt your ability to function
Support Groups: You receive encouragement, learn coping skills and share concerns
Behavioral Therapy : Focuses on behaviors that decrease stress
Jules Falret finds a connection between depression and suicide which eventually leads to the term, "Bipolar Disorder".
Talking very fast
having unrealistic judge of character for themselves or others
Agencies that can Help
National Institute of Mental Health
Being "Bipolar" is a term thrown around casually in our high school environment. We encounter many different students as well as teachers, and each person seems to be in a different mood. While moodiness in students often earns them the term "hormonal," teachers with shifting moods are called "Bipolar." We generally use the term in a negative context and regard the condition as one that is voluntary. Given this reality, we were curious to find out what exactly Bipolar Disorder was and why the term is always associated with moodiness. Additionally, Gloria wanted to learn more about the disorder because she had watched the movie Silver Linings Playbook. The movie is about a man that struggles with Bipolar Disorder, and he's constantly alienated and treated like a criminal. Noticing such harsh treatment towards the man, Gloria wanted to learn more about the disorder so she could gain a more thorough understanding of the man's situation. The last reason we chose to research Bipolar Disorder was that it is often associated with Depression which is a frequently discussed disorder, and we wanted to see how the two conditions correlate.
After all of our research, we learned that Depression and Bipolar Disorder are partially related. Although Bipolar Disorder results in episodes of Depression, it also involves the opposite end of the spectrum with periods of intense joy. We also learned a few of the myths of Bipolar Disorder and that it isn't a disorder that's limited to certain groups of people; Bipolar Disorder can affect anybody. Thankfully, we also discovered that there are many places to go for help whether that be for information or for support. Bipolar Disorder is an involuntary disorder that is not developed by choice, but experiences and genetics can influence the formation of the disorder. Despite its grim symptoms, there are treatments that aim at helping patients understand their disorder and at giving them the help they need to ensuring their well being. Psychotherapy is a common treatment that helps individuals get in touch with their own thoughts, but medicinal treatments are also available. Overall, we learned the seriousness and depth of Bipolar Disorder, as well as the many ways to get or give help and support to victims. It is truly debilitating to have such extreme fluctuations in mood, and we now understand that this disorder is no laughing matter.
Emil Krapelin establishes the term "manic-depressive", explaining about the effects of depression and a bit about the manic state.
Vincent Van Gogh the famous painter.
An article was published explaining the likelihood of getting the disorder if the disorder ran in the family.
The original name, "manic-depression" is replaced with the current name, "Bipolar Disorder" as a diagnostic term.
: People who have Bipolar Disorder have split personalities.
Bipolar Disorder causes usual shifts in mood, emotions and energy. They can alter them drastically but not enough that it is considered a split personality.
: The disorder isn't as serious as other illnesses.
Bipolar Disorder ruins a person's perspective of reality and increases the risk of suicide and self-harm.
Boeree, C. George. "Neurotransmitters." General Psychology. N.p.,
2009. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. <http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/genpsyneurotransmitters.html>.
"Causes of Bipolar Disorder." WebMD. Ed. Joseph Goldberg.
WebMD, 26 June 2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-disorder-causes>.
Pruitt, B. E., John P. Allegrante, and Deborah Prothrow-Stith.
"Mental Disorders." Prentice Hall Health. Boston, MA: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2007. 86. Print.
"What Are Neurotransmitters?" Neurogistics. Neurogistics
Corporation, n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. <https://www.neurogistics.com/TheScience/WhatareNeurotransmi09CE.asp>.
Having problems concentrating
feeling tired or "slowed down"
Thinking of death, or suicide or attempting suicide
: "Transforming the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses."
Toll-Free at 1-866-615-NIMH (6464)
: 6001 Executive Boulevard Room 8184, MSC 9663 Bethesda, MD 20892-9663
: "DBSA provides hope, help, support, and education to improve the lives of people who have mood disorders."
: Toll-free at (800)-826-3632
: 730 N. Franklin Street, Suite 501 Chicago, Illinois 60654-7225
: On Social Media such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google Plus and LinkedIn.
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance
"Bipolar Disorder." NIMH RSS. National Institutes of Health, 2008. Web.
13 Apr. 2014. <http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml>.
Depression & Bipolar Support Alliance. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
"Organizations." Seroquel XR. AstraZeneca, n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.