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The 1900 Storm
Transcript of The 1900 Storm
In 1891, Isaac had wrote an article in the 'Galveston Daily News'. He had given an official opinion that the thought of a hurricane's ever doing any major harm to Galveston was a 'crazy idea'. Many residents had been planning to protect the city with a seawall, but Cline's statement helped to prevent its construction. However, when the hurricane had hit Galveston on September 8, 1900, Isaac was proven tragically wrong. Isaac Cline Before the Hurricane Antigua, an island west of Puerto Rico, reported a severe thunderstorm passing over, followed by the hot and humid calmness that often occurs after a passing of a tropical cyclone. By September 1, U.S. Weather Bureau observers were reporting on a "storm of moderate intensity" southeast of Cuba. The storm continued westward, dropping heavy rains on the island of Cuba. Then on September 5, it emerged into the Florida Straits as a tropical storm, or a weak hurricane. The Hurricane Path Isaac Cline “First news from Galveston just received by train which could get no closer to the bay shore than six miles where the prairie was strewn with debris and dead bodies. About 200 corpses counted from the train. Large steamship stranded two miles inland. Nothing could be seen of Galveston. Loss of life and property undoubtedly most appalling. Weather clear and bright here with gentle southeast wind.”
Manager, Western Union, Houston Quotes from Survivors "When I left Galveston," he said, "the people were organizing for the prompt burial of the dead, distribution of food, and all necessary work after a period of disaster." -Richard Spillane "It's a sight I hope I shall never see again. Destruction and desolation; wreckage strewn everywhere, chaos, and that voice still ringing in my ears, 'Save me!' "
~ Arnold Wolfram "... The roof of our hotel had blown off and the bricks and stones were being blown off the building like they were little feathers..."
~ Charles W. Law "The loss of life will never be known; it will run into thousands.... I got up about 4 o'clock Saturday. It was then raining and blowing hard. I left the house and started for the Tremont hotel and came near not making it. We stayed there all night. For four hours I thought every minute that the building would certainly go with the many that were going to pieces around it." ~ C. H. Fewell "We heard soon the blinds and windows break in the rooms upstairs... It sounded as if the room were filled with a thousand little devils, shrieking and whistling... We all prayed. "
~ Louisa Hansen Rollfing H.C. Claiborne and the Bolivar Lighthouse H.C. Claiborne was the first person to originally own the Bolivar Lighthouse. It is located in Port Bolivar, Texas. The lighthouse is about 116 ft (35 m) high. About 125 people took refuge in the lighthouse during the 1900 storm. When the water continued to rise, the people inside of the tower remained, even with the water and wind swirling around it. At one point in the storm, the wind swayed the lighthouse so badly that the machinery for the light failed to work. But Claiborne had shown his bravery, and kept the light rotating using his bare hands. The residents of Galveston had decided to build a seawall to protect Galveston from future storms. The idea of building a seawall before the 1900 hurricane had been in mind, but the residents decided not to. The seawall had cost about $1.6 million to build and set up. From 1904 to 1963, the seawall was extended from 3.3 miles (5.3 km) to over 10 miles (16 km) long, and it is approximately 17 feet (5.2 m) high, and 16 feet (4.9 m) thick at its base. Also, they had raised Galveston up higher to add more safety. Improving the Safety of Galveston During the Storm The highest wind speeds were up to 145 mph, but the wind gauge was carried away so they weren't sure. By dark, the city was submerged with water. The water reached a maximum depth of 15 feet between nine and ten o' clock PM on Saturday night. Beneath the broken buildings, in the streets, in the yards, in fence corners, in the bay, everywhere were corpses and carcasses of horses, cattle, dogs, and other domestic animals. Fifteen thousand people were homeless. Railroad bridges across the bay were either wrecked of would break from the weight of a train. Many buildings and stores were wrecked. Some countries helped Galveston by sending them money to help re-build damaged things. The damage caused by the storm was around 28-million dollars, and an estimated 6,000 people died from the storm. After the Storm (Kelsey) (Naomi) (Briana) (Caitlin) (Kelsey) (Naomi) (Briana) (Kelsey) (Caitlin)