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Comparative Egypt by Lindsey Maggie and Jenna

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Lindsey Blum

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of Comparative Egypt by Lindsey Maggie and Jenna







Egypt Judicial
Based on islamic Law and Civil Law French Codes Courts
Shari a Courts ( Muslim religious court) capitulations system
Specialized Judicial Council-1845 legal, administrative and military matters
Community Councils-1856 personal status of non Muslims
National Court-1883 Egyptian Nationals
Mixed Courts-1875 Foreign Nationals (2 levels) Egyptian Modern Judicial System
Independent branch of the government
Secular Courts
Common Court System (Ordinary Courts)
Administrative Courts
Supreme Constitutional Court
Specialized Courts
Religious Courts
Common Courts
-established in 1955
-ruled on personals matter
-Summary Courts
-Court of First Degree (Primary)
-Courts of Appeal
-Supreme Court (Court of Cassation)
Egypt Liberty
Article 41
Individual freedom is a natural right and shall not be touched.
Except in cases of a flagrant delicate no person may be arrested, inspected, detained or his freedom restricted or
prevented from free movement except by an or necessitated by investigations and preservation of the security ofthe society. U.s. Liberty
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Egypt Liberty
Atricle 42

Any person arrested, detained or his freedom restricted shall be treated in the manner concomitant with thepreservation of his dignity.

No physical or moral harm is to be inflicted upon him.

He may not be detained or imprisoned except in places defined by laws organising prisons.
If a confession is proved to have been made by a person under any of the aforementioned forms of duress
or coercion, it shall be considered invalid and futile. Egypt Liberty
Atricle 42

Any person arrested, detained or his freedom restricted shall be treated in the manner concomitant with thepreservation of his dignity.

No physical or moral harm is to be inflicted upon him.

He may not be detained or imprisoned except in places defined by laws organising prisons.

If a confession is proved to have been made by a person under any of the aforementioned forms of duress or coercion, it shall be considered invalid and futile. U.s. Liberty
The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it. U.s. Liberty
The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it. Egypt Liberty
Article 46,47,48
The State shall guarantee the freedom of belief and the freedom of practice of religious rites.

Freedom of opinion is guaranteed. Every individual has the right to express his opinion and to publicise it verbally or in writing or by photography or by other means within the limits of the law.Self-criticism and constructive criticism is the guarantee for the safety of the national structure.

Freedom of the press, printing, publication and mass media shall be guaranteed.Censorship on newspapers is forbidden as well as notifying, suspending or cancelling them by administrative methods. In a state of emergency or in time of war a limited censorship may be imposed on the newspapers, publications and mass media in matters related to public safety or purposes of national security in accordance with the law U.s. Liberty
Amendment 1
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Egypt Liberty
Any medical or scientific experiment may not be undergone on any person without his free consent. Well... This is AMERICA :) Egypt Liberty
he State shall guarantee the freedom of scientific research and literary, artistic and cultural invention and
provide the necessary means for its realisation. U.S. Liberty
Nothing about scientific research in the U.S. constitution Comparative Government Egypt VS. U.S. by Maggie Lindsey and Jenna period 05
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