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Women's Economic Inequalities

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by

Maya Airoldi

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Women's Economic Inequalities

Introduction
You Saw This Coming
(wage gap)
As you must know by now, women in America are, on average, paid about 77 cents to each man's dollar - despite whether or not they are working the same job, hours, and at the same skill level. That, of course, varies by state and city.
Power in Economy
Studies predict that if women stopped buying cosmetic products and services, every economy in the world would collapse overnight. As mentioned much earlier, the cosmetics industry is a $30 billion industry with an annual growth rate of 20%. Cosmetics are also recession-proof and an affordable indulgence. If we stopped buying makeup, even for one day, the entire economy would fall apart.
So, it's not ALL bad...
We're not saying women should collapse the economy. Although, we're also not saying we shouldn't... It's just an idea and a thought. There is clear discrimination in the US, and most other parts of the world, against women. We need some way to take a stand. Some way to stop it. We cannot tell you how to do that because we don't know yet. But hopefully raising awareness, both in presentations like this and by simply bringing our topic up into casual conversation, will help. Maybe someone will be inspired to do even more. Maybe someone will get a spark from this or someone we informed and do something grand to change things. Who knows... We are, after all, the future.
Expenses Women Face
"That's just the way it is."
by Maya Airoldi and Siera Schultz
This
will not be the generic spiel about women's economic inequality that you've already heard before. It's no secret that women make less than men do. We all know that. This project is not just about that, though. Of course it brushes upon that, but this project is about how much deeper that really goes. Besides, if you're tired of hearing about the inequalities that women are subjected to, maybe you should work on fixing it. Then we wouldn't need to talk about it... Just saying.
Cosmetics
Hygiene
Gender Pricing
4 in 5 women wear makeup
The average woman spends $15,000 on cosmetics in her lifetime.
$382 Billion of global beauty business is supported by an estimated 85% female consumer base.
Half of American women think wearing makeup gives them a leg up in their workplace.
The cosmetics industry is a $30 billion industry with an annual growth rate of 20%.
If a woman changes tampons every 6 – 8 hours, that would be 3–4 tampons a day. 3.5 tampons at $0.20 per tampon is $0.70 per day, 7 days a week every month of the year is $58.80 a year in tampons.
If a woman also uses panty liners to avoid leakage, it's $79.80 a year in menstrual products, or $3,072.30 in her reproductive lifetime.*
If a woman changes pads every 4 – 6 hours would mean 4–6 pads a day. 5 pads a day at $0.22 a pad, 7 days a week is $7.70 a month.
$92.40 a year for pads, or $3,557.40 in her reproductive lifetime.*
Over the course of a woman's lifetime, she'll pay more than a man for everything from health insurance to haircuts, dry cleaning to deodorant.
Breakdown of the Cosmetic Market Worldwide From 2011 to 2013
California found that women paid about $1,351 annually in extra costs and fees. Apply that figure to the rest of the women in the country and it adds up to roughly $151 billion in markups.
Government discriminates across the board for all sorts of garments. Sometimes men get the advantage, sometimes women.
Women pay a total $1 billion more on annual health care costs than men. The discrepancy is called gender rating, and in states that haven’t banned it, 92% of the top insurance plans charge women more.
this is not based off of length or style, but fully on gender.
Male VS Female Products
Cleaners typically charge 60% more for women to get shirts laundered, even if the cut and material of the shirt was the same as men’s.
Degree women’s deodorant is 4% smaller but costs 55% more than the men’s version. ($4.39 VS $6.79)
Neutrogena’s women's face lotion costs $3.88 per ounce, while the men’s version costs $3.46 per ounce. 12% more!
There’s an 18% difference between Nivea men’s and women’s body wash. ($6.79 VS $7.99)
Razors typically have a difference of 30 cents despite brand name, making women's more expensive.
Shaving cream is also typically priced much higher for females.
If you buy a plain v-neck t-shirt from the women's section, Hanes charges $2 more per shirt (a 20% increase), despite being smaller and cut in the same “relaxed” fit as the men’s.
On average, women are offered new car list prices that are at least $200 higher than their male counterparts.
Women get offered average repair estimates of $486, with men hearing an average of $383 — a 27% price difference!
"The products are different!"
(shhh. you're wrong.)
Dr. Bobby Buka, a dermatologist said, "They're certainly scented differently, but in terms of the ingredients for male skin versus female skin, it's really identical," and taking a look of the ingredients will give you the same results! Whether you're looking at deodorant or body wash or soap or shaving creams, etc. etc. etc...
Razors?
No brand we could find claims to use different designed blades for their gendered products. The handles are also often the same along with the "lifetime" of the product.
Psychology Today speculates the gap is because women are under a lot more pressure to be as well-groomed as possible, so are simply willing to pay more. By making it seem as if the women’s version is superior for women, whether true or not with a given product, they assure most will be willing to pay a markup for the “best”.
"The Constitution forbids Uncle Sam from sticking his hands down your jeans to find out whether you're a man or woman for no good reason."
Michael Cone
Sources
"Women Should Pay More for Health Care | TIME.com." Ideas Women Should Pay More
for Health Care Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2014.
"Breakdown of the Cosmetic Market Worldwide 2013, by Product Category | Statistic."
Statista. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.
"Why Women Pay More." Marie Claire. N.p., 15 Mar. 2012. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
Adams, Rebecca. "This Is Why It's More Expensive To Be A Woman." The Huffington
Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 23 Sept. 2013. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
Ramsey, Franchesca. "The Truth Behind 'Men's Body Wash' And 'Women's Body Wash'
Will Make You Feel Dirty." Upworthy. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014. (- video)
Ari. "Geeking Sexuality." : Average Cost of Menstrual Products throughout a Woman’s
Lifetime. N.p., 31 May 2011. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.
*adjusted for pregnancy and lactation estimates
(when women are referred to here, it is meant on a purely biological level and not by gender identification)
Full transcript