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1984

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Susan Li

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of 1984

Oceania
Eurasia
Eastasia
Symbols
Works Cited
1984
By George Orwell
Susan, Priscilla, Erin
Characters
Julia
Themes
Description –
Author will use variety of senses (feeling, seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting) to enhance the experience of what the writer experiences. Also, it will create a significant understanding of people, places and things
Winston Smith
Emmanuel Goldstein
Big Brother
O'Brien
Winston Smith
The main protagonist of Orwell's 1984.
Extremely pensive and curious, he questions the Party and their motives.
He works at the Ministry of Truth, where he changes documents from the past that contradicts the Party.
At the beginning of the novel, Winston thinks about abstract thoughts against the Party and he questions his own sanity due to these thoughts.
He despises the Party and obtains rebellious characteristics as the novel advances.
At the end of the novel, before Winston is caught, he shows an element of humanity.
A factor leading into Winston downfall is his sense of fatalism, he has an intense paranoia that he will eventually get caught and be punished one day.
Winston commits unnecessary risks such as trusting O'Brien and renting Mr. Charrington's room.
He continues to do these acts because he is in so deep that he no longer get out the situation.
Julia
Twenty-six years old with dark hair and dark eyes.
Winston's main love interest and shares the same hate for the Party.
More concerned with fulfilling her indulgences and creating functional plans to avoid getting caught from the Party.
Julia claims to have affairs with various Party members and shows no signs of terminating her pleasure seeking.
Julia gives Winston hope, and it is this continuation of hope that ultimately leads to their capture.
O'Brien
O'Brien is a powerful member of the Inner Party who tricks Winston into believing that he is a member of the Brotherhood.
"He is a large, burly man with a thick neck and a brutal face."
Winston idolizes him due to his intelligence.
Represents the Party and all of its contradictions and brutality.
O'Brien initiates Winston into the Brotherhood at his house.
When Winston is taken into imprisonment, O'Brien appears in the jail cell to torture and indoctrinate him into the Party.
During the torture O'Brien is his friend and his enemy.
A mysterious character
Big Brother and Emmanuel Goldstein
Big Brother and Emmanuel Goldstein are great leaders of two opposing forces in Oceania.
Big Brother is the leader of the Party of Oceania and Emmanuel Goldstein is the leader of the Brotherhood.
They are similar due to the fact that Orwell does not make it clear that they actually exist.
Language
Writing Technique
•Writing is an useful and important form of communication
•Good writing will use different techniques to define their purpose of writing
•Writing technique include the use of: Description, Exposition, Narration, Persuasion and Comparison and Contrast
•Description – Author will use variety of senses (feeling, seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting) to enhance the experience of what the writer experiences. Also, it will create a significant understanding of people, places and things
•Exposition – Author will explain, clarify, and inform their ideas and thought with the use of background information
•Narration – Author narrates a story with the use of characters, setting, problem and solution
•Persuasion – Author attempts to change the reader’s point of view by persuading them using facts and opinions on a topic or subject
•Comparison and Contrast – Author analyses the similarities and differences of a topic by how a topic is similar and/or different (comparison) and what is similar and/or different (contrast)
Description
Persuasion
Persuasion –
Author attempts to change the reader’s point of view by persuading them using facts and opinions on a topic or subject
Comparision and Contrast
Comparison and Contrast –
Author analyses the similarities and differences of a topic by how a topic is similar and/or different (comparison) and what is similar and/or different (contrast)
Exposition
Exposition –
Author will explain, clarify, and inform their ideas and thoughts with the use of background information
Narration
Narration –
Author narrates a story with the use of characters, setting, problem and solution
George Orwell's Writing Style
Power
Physiological Manipulation and Physical Controls
Appearance vs. Reality
Winston thinks Julia is a spy, due to the fact that Julia actively participates in various Party organizations, such as the Junior Sex League and the Two Minutes Hate. Also, Winston notices that she is following him everywhere. Later, the reader discovers that Julia is internally against the Party and starts a love affair with Winston.
Power
Appearance vs. Reality
Physiological Manipulation
Physical Control
Why is 1984 by George Orwell Considered a Classic?
According to Italo Calvino, a well known Italian author, classics are books that exercise a particular influence and leaves an imprint in our imagination as unforgettable.
The author creates a more extreme version of this form of government and compared to the other oligarchies, such as the German Nazis, cannot be overthrown.
In Oceania, the Party’s primary goal is to have complete and utter power over the citizens.
"It seeks power entirely for its own sake"
Power can solely exists collectively not individually.
The Party controls the past, the present and even the future as a result of manipulating historical records, language and thought.
According to O'Brien, committing these acts are not for wealth or happiness, but to only have power, pure power.
The Party bombards civilians with various physiological tactics in order to prevent individual thoughts.
The Two Minutes Hate is to encourage the people to intensify their frustrations and hatred against the Party's political enemies, such as Emmanuel Goldstein.
A large telescreen is to be placed in every member of the Party's house, which can never be turned off.
The Party greatly influences the children by indoctrinating them into an organization called Junior Spies.
The subjects must suppress their sexual desires and to treat sex as an obligation to the Party, in order to have more Party members.
Physical Jerks and the lack of food keeps them in a constant state of exhaustion.
Through physical torture inflicted on Winston, the reader learns that physical pain conditions the mind to believe in anything the Party says.
Mr. Charrington, is introduced to the reader as a kind, old man, who lets Winston rent a room in his shop that contains no telescreen. Winston learns that he is a member of the Thought Police, who helped in Winston's capture.
O'Brien is another character in which Winston believes that he is not with the Party. When Winston meets O'Brien at his house, he confirms Winston's beliefs when O'Brien says he belongs to the Brotherhood. Afterwards, the reader recognizes that O'Brien works for the Party as well as Mr. Charrington.
Winston thinks Parsons will never get “vaporized” because he is the ideal Party member, however, at the end of the novel Winston sees him at the jail with him.
Emmanuel Goldstein is portrayed as an traitor by the Party, nonetheless, in reality Goldstein is the one who is talking about real freedom.
Paradox
Irony
Paradox –
A self-contradictory statement or proposition but expresses a possible truth in reality
Irony –
The expression of a meaning using language to signify the opposite (typically used for humor or an emphatic effect)
•The party controls using doublethink to creating irony
•Doublethink is the ability to think of two contradictory thoughts at the same time, and believing both are true
1.“On it was written, in a large unformed handwriting: I love you. For several seconds he was too stunned even to throw the incriminating thing into the memory hole.” (108)

2.“He thought of the telescreen with its never-sleeping ear. They could spy upon you night and day, but if you kept your head you could still outwit them. With all their cleverness they had mastered the secret of finding out what another human being was thinking.” (166)

3.“He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother.” (298)
The novel 1984 by George Orwell is written in third person
1.“How many fingers am I holding up, Winston?” “Four.” “And if the party says that it is not four but five – then how many?” “Four.” As O’Brien tortured him with pain, Winston finally gave into doublethink. “How many fingers, Winston?” “Five! Five! Five” (250)

2.“Tell me Winston – and remember, no lies; you know that I am alaways able to detect a lie – tell me, what are your true feelings toward Big Brother?” “I hate him.” “You hate him. Good. Then the time has come for ou to take the last step. You must love Big Brother. It is not enough to obey him; you must love him.” (282) / “He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother.” (298)
The party uses doublethink to persuade Winston to think the way the Party wants him to think, instead of believing Winston's beliefs are.
The main comparision George Orwell uses is comparing the mindset of Winston compared to the mindset of the Party.
1.“The German Nazis and the Russian Communist came very close to us in their methods, but they never had the courage to recognize their own motives.” (263)
George Orwell does not frequently use exposition in 1984 as it is a dystopian novel. He uses background information within the novel's past instead of the real world's history facts.
George Orwell uses paradox to project the true intentions of a totalitarianism government.
War is Peace
Ignorance is Strength
Freedom is Slavery
Modern society believes contradictory to these slogan but through Orwell’s description of Oceania and the Party, these slogans can be proven true.
•"1984 Themes." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2013.
•"A Classic - Defining the Term or the Concept of Classics in Literature." About.com Classic Literature. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2013.
•"Irony In 1984." Irony In 1984. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2013.
•"Novel Summaries Analysis." Novel Summaries Analysis RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2013.
•"Writing Techniques." - Study Skills. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2013.
•Orwell, George. “Politics and the English Language.” 1946. Vincent Ferraro. Mount Holyoke College. Web. 9 January 2013
•Leader and face of the Party
•Not known whether he actually exists
•Acts as protection to the people but as a threat to enemies
•“Big Brother is Watching You”
The Thrush
The Singing Prole Women
Even if this woman is overweight, filthy and poor Winston still finds her beautiful. With this, Winston begins to regain his humanity. He is able to find the beauty in people who may not be conventionally beautiful. Winston also sees this woman as hope for the future. Winston writes in his diary that “If there is hope, it lies in the proles” (82), meaning that if the proles were to rebel they could overthrow the Party. Winston values this woman’s reproductive fertility and thinks that she can give birth to future generations of proles who rebel against the Party.
1984 has ideas that create an impact on society
Created global awareness on a potential future totalitarianism government (known worldwide)
Big Brother
The Brotherhood
•Organization of conspirators led by Emmanuel Goldstein
•Not known whether it actually exist
•Used by the Party to catch people who are against the Party and to induce fear into the public
•Winston and Julia wanted to join the Brotherhood but were caught
•Represents the beauty of freedom
•The thrush is able to do what it wants without being overpowered by the Party
•Is able to be happy unlike most people in Oceania
•Represents the true past, not the one the Party has created
•Winston imagines himself and Julia as the coral inside, protected from the outside world and staying the same forever
•Shatters when Winston and Julia are caught
The Glass Paperweight

•Winston finds her beautiful, showing that he is regaining his humanity
•Hope for the future
•Can give birth to generations of rebels
The Singing Prole Woman
1. “As he took her in his arms a wave of synthetic violets flooded his nostrils. It was the very same scent that she had used; but at the moment it did not seem to matter.” (143)

2. “Their first love-making had been simply an act of the will. But after the second time it was different. The smell of her hair, the taste of her mouth, the feeling of her skin seemed to have got inside him, or into the air all round him.” (139)
“Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing.”
•Orwell’s writing is clear and understandable.
•He describes Oceania in a way that expresses what the lives of the citizens are.
•Simple and precise adjectives are used to describe horrific things.
•Orwell believed that using the minimal amount of words and uncomplicated words was the best way to express ideas.
•He did not use a lot of literary devices to conceal his intentions.
1.“How many fingers am I holding up, Winston?” “Four.” “And if the party says that it is not four but five – then how many?” “Four.” As O’Brien tortured him with pain, Winston finally gave into doublethink. “How many fingers, Winston?” “Five! Five! Five” (250)

2.“Tell me Winston – and remember, no lies; you know that I am alaways able to detect a lie – tell me, what are your true feelings toward Big Brother?” “I hate him.” “You hate him. Good. Then the time has come for ou to take the last step. You must love Big Brother. It is not enough to obey him; you must love him.” (282) / “He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother.” (298)
"You're only a rebel from the waist down."
“DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER”

"Who controls the past, controls the future,who controls the present controls the past."
The Party believes that love does not exist.
Winston believes love does exist and he proves it by rebelling aganist the Party to meet up with Julia but he feels in love with Julia.

The Party believes sex is only allowed for reproduction creating kids to sustain future generations.
Winston believes sex should be done passionately with the one you love.
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